Hungary 24 March 1992 Metropolitan Court (Adamfi Video v. Alkotók Studiósa Kisszövetkezet)Go to Database Directory || Go to CISG Table of Contents || Go to Case Search Form || Go to Bibliography
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Hungary 24 March 1992 Metropolitan Court (Adamfi Video v. Alkotók Studiósa Kisszövetkezet)
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Primary source(s) for case presentation: Michael R. Will; UNCITRAL abstract; Unilex abstract; case commentary

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Case identification

DATE OF DECISION: 19920324 (24 March 1992)


TRIBUNAL: FB Budapest [FB = Fovárosi Biróság = Metropolitan Court]

JUDGE(S): Unavailable

CASE NUMBER/DOCKET NUMBER: 12.G.41.471/1991/21

CASE NAME: Adamfi Video Production GmbH v. Alkotók Studiósa Kisszövetkezet

CASE HISTORY: Unavailable

SELLER'S COUNTRY: Germany (plaintiff)

BUYER'S COUNTRY: Hungary (defendant)


Case abstract

HUNGARY: Metropolitan Court Budapest 24 March 1992

Case law on UNCITRAL texts (CLOUT) abstract no. 52

Reproduced with permission from UNCITRAL

The [seller], a German company, demanded payment of the price and interest for goods sold and delivered to the [buyer], a Hungarian company. At first, the [buyer] disputed the existence of a contract and the delivery of goods. However, the court found that delivery had taken place once on the basis of documents obtained from the Hungarian Customs Authority and the forwarding agent had delivered the goods upon receipt signed by an employee of the [buyer].

The court relied upon a sales contract that had previously been concluded between the parties, in order to determine the price of the goods and the other elements of the contract and ordered the [buyer] to pay (Article 9(1) and 53 CISG).

As to the obligations for payment of interest, which is not regulated by CISG, the court, on the basis of the Hungarian Act on Private International Law (paragraph 25 of Legal Decree No. 13 of 1973), applied German law as the law of the seat of the seller. In this context, on the basis of article 352 paragraph (1) of the German Code of Commerce (HGB), the Court awarded to the [seller] interest at the rate of 5% on the amount due as of the day the obligation to pay the purchase price (determined in German currency) became due.

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Classification of issues present

APPLICATION OF CISG: Yes [Article 1(1)(a)]


Key CISG provisions at issue: Articles 1(1)(a) ; 9(1) ; 11 ; 12 ; 14(1) ; 53 ; 78 ; 96 [Also cited: Article 29 ] [Also relevant: Article 54 ]

Classification of issues using UNCITRAL classification code numbers:

1B1 [Basic rules of applicability: parties in different Contracting States];

9C [Practices established by the parties];

11A [Formal requirements: no need for writing or other formality for conclusion of contract];

12A [Declaration by State preserving domestic formal requirements: effect of reservation under Article 96 rejecting Article 11];

14A [Criteria for offer, basic criterion: intention to be bound in case of acceptance];

53A [Buyer's obligation to pay price of goods];

78A ; 78B [Interest on delay in receiving or any other sum in arrears; Rate of interest]

Descriptors: Formal requirements ; Declaration, Art. 96 ; Telephone notice ; Offers ; Open-price contracts ; Usages and practices ; Price ; Interest

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Editorial remarks

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Citations to other abstracts, case texts and commentaries


English: Unilex database>

German: Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Internationales und Europäisches Recht (SZIER) / Revue suisse de droit international et de droit européen, 1995, 279

Italian: Diritto del Commercio Internazionale (1993) 654-655 No. 14

Polish: Hermanowski/Jastrzebski, Konwencja Narodow Zjednoczonych o umowach miedzynarodowej sprzedazy towarow (Konwencja wiedenska) - Komentarz (1997) 245-246


Original language (Hungarian): Printed text may be obtained from UNCITRAL

Translation: Unavailable


English: Honnold, Uniform Law for International Sales (1999) 140 [Art. 12]; Lookofsky, Understanding the CISG in the USA (CISG/USA)(1995) 25, 28 n.9, 55 n.96; Lookofsky, CISG/Scandinavia (1996) 31, 35 n.11, 68 n.124; Bernstein/Lookofsky, CISG/Europe (1997) 31, 34 n.11, 71 n.117; Koneru, 6 Minnesota Journal of Global Trade (1997) 148-151; Curran, 15 Journal of Law and Commerce (1995) 175-199[187-192] [English summary of comments by Witz in Les premières applications, cited below]; Thiele, 2 Vindobono Journal (1998) 3-35, citing this case [n.59] and 42 other interest rulings; Saf, 1999 thesis [reference to case at n.372 (Art. 96 issues)]; Spanogle/Winship, International Sales Law: A Problem Oriented Coursebook (West 2000) [formation, terms of the contract 104-114 (this case at 105)]; Gabuardi, Open price contracts (June 2001); Bernstein & Lookofsky, Understanding the CISG in Europe, 2d ed., Kluwer (2003) §: 3-2 n.22; §: 3-3 n.29; §: 4-13 n.197; §: 8-8 n.46; Liu Chengwei, Recovery of interest (November 2003) n.188; Larry A. DiMatteo et al., 34 Northwestern Journal of International Law & Business (Winter 2004) 299-440 at nn.132, 199; [2005] Schlechtriem & Schwenzer ed., Commentary on UN Convention on International Sale of Goods, 2d (English) ed., Oxford University Press, Art. 9 para. 8 Art. 12 paras. 2, 3 Art. 14 paras. 3, 11 Art. 54 para. 9

French: Witz, Les premières applications jurisprudentielles du droit uniforme de la vente internationale (L.G.D.J., Paris: 1995) 62 n.25, 74-75, 106 n.115; Witz, Receuil Dalloz Sirey (1995) Ch. 143 [145 n.25-27]

German: Schlechtriem, Internationales UN-Kaufrecht (1996) 41 n.98, 99; Schlechtriem, in: von Caemmerer/Schlechtriem, Kommentar zum Einheitlichen UN-Kaufrecht (2d ed. 1995) 124 n.6, n.8 [Art. 12]; Vida, Praxis des internationalen Privat-und Verfahrensrechts (IPRax) 1995, 261-264

Greek: Witz/Kapnopoulou, Ellenike epitheorese europaikou dicaiou (1995) 561 [571 n.35-38]

Hungarian: Székely, A Bécsi Vételi Egyezmény és a német anyagi jog együttes alkalmazása, in: Friss Hírek a nemzetközi kereskedelmi jog világából (No. 3/1992) 29-30

Spanish: Perales, Cuadernos Jurídicos 3 (1996) No. 43, 5 [7 n. 29] [commentary on determination of rate of interest (Art. 78): review of case law]

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