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Report to the Uniform Law Conference of Canada on Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods

Professor Jacob S. Ziegel, University of Toronto
July 1981

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Article 10

For the purposes of this Convention:

(a) if a party has more than one place of business, the place of business is that which has the closest relationship to the contract and its performance, having regard to the circumstances known to or contemplated by the parties at any time before or at the conclusion of the contract;

(b) if a party does not have a place of business, reference is to be made to his habitual residence.


1. Article 10 is important for the purpose of establishing the applicability of CISG under art. 1. Determination of the relevant place of business to determine the place of delivery is also necessary for the purposes of art. 12, 20(2), 24, 31(c), 42(1)(b), 57(1)(a) and 96.

2. See also the comments under art. 1 with respect to the significance of the reference to the parties' place of residence.

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Pace Law School Institute of International Commercial Law - Last updated April 1, 1999

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