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Excerpt from Anne Pries, Legal Structure of Russia and Electronic Sources of Russian Law (21 February 2002). Reproduced with the permission of the Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, University of London.

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Judicial System of the Russian Federation

The judicial system of the RF consists of:

On the Court System in the RF (in English) http://nadzor.vvsu.ru/English/legislation/show_law.asp?id=6

Russia's Judiciary (in English) http://www.supcourt.ru/EN/rj.htm

Judicial System of the RF and the Supreme Court of the RF (in English) http://www.supcourt.ru/EN/frames.htm

The Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation

The Constitutional Court of the RF consists of 19 judges appointed by the Federation Council upon nomination made by the President of the RF.

The Constitutional Court of the RF is the judicial body of constitutional review. Its official website is: http://ks.rfnet.ru/

The rulings and decisions of the Constitutional court are to be found here. A selection is also in English, or has an English summary. Several decisions are only known from the Website. Decisions of the Constitutional Court are published in the [Russian Gazette] or in the official gazettes [Bulletin of the Federal Assembly of the RF] and [Collection of legislation of the RF].

Selected Decisions of the Constitutional Court of the RF (in English) http://ks.rfnet.ru/english/codicese.htm

Constitutional Court: Development and activity (in English) http://ks.rfnet.ru/english/booklet.htm

Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the RF (12.07.1994) (in English) http://ks.rfnet.ru/english/ksengl.htm

The Supreme Court of the Russian Federation

The Supreme Court of the RF (http://www.supcourt.ru/) is the supreme judicial body. Its official publication: [Bulletin of the Supreme Court of the RF] can be found on this site (full text).

The Supreme Court of the RF has the following structure http://www.supcourt.ru/1/structure/index.htm:

The Supreme Court has the right of the legislative initiative. The Supreme Court acts as a court of first instance for cases of special importance or special public interest.

Judgments of the general courts: on http://www.supcourt.ru, with legislation on the Supreme Court, decisions of the Supreme Court, the Civil Court, Criminal Court and Military Court

The Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation

The Supreme Arbitration (Commercial) Court is the highest judiciary body resolving economic disputes and other cases considered by arbitration courts. Besides information on the System of Arbitrage in de RF and legislation on commercial courts, the main website: http://www.arbitr.ru gives very useful links to other official institutions and several Legal databases.

The activity of the Supreme Arbitration Court of the RF is regulated by the Federal Constitutional Law "On the Arbitration Courts in the RF" (05.04.1995) (http://www.arbitr.ru/as/doc/fkzn1/part1.htm) and the Arbitration Procedural Code (05.04.1995) (http://www.arbitr.ru/as/doc/apk/index.htm), as well as the Federal constitutional law «On the judicial system of the RF».

The monthly [Bulletin of the Supreme Arbitration Court of the RF] is the official publication of the Supreme Arbitration Court of the RF, available at http://www.vestnik-vas.ru/ since 1998.

Historical Background (in English) http://www.arbitr.ru/eng/sysac.htm The history of the commercial and arbitration courts in Russia.

Database of the Arbitration practice (in Russian) http://frame.arbitr.ru:8080/law?d&nd=980405161 This database of the Kodeks Legal Information system contains the texts of the documents of the arbitration practice from1992 onwards.

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Pace Law School Institute of International Commercial Law - Last updated June 11, 2003
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