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The Slovak Republic Court Hierarchy
in Civil and Commercial Matters

by Juraj Kotrusz
January 2009

District Courts
(okresny sud)

There are currently fifty-four district courts operating in Slovakia. They have territorial competence to settle disputes according to the location of certain decisive aspects of these disputes.
- They have general competence to settle disputes emerging from civil and commercial relationships including disputes concerning the CISG, if not otherwise provided by the Slovak Civil Procedure Code; but such exceptions currently do not concern international sales relationships.
- They have competence to try and decide about admittance of new trial as an extraordinary remedy, if the original proceedings were held in first instance at this court.
- They decide about recognition of foreign judgments under act no. 97/1963 Coll. on international private and procedural law as amended.
- They decide about enforcement of foreign judgments issued by courts of EU member states under Council Regulation no. 44/2001 of 22 December on Jurisdiction and the Recognition and Enforcement of Judgments in Civil and Commercial Matters

Regional Courts
(krajsky sud)
There are eight regional courts operating in Slovakia: in Bratislava, Trnava, Nitra, Trencin, Zilina, Banska Bystrica, Presov and Kosice
- During the period from 1 January 1992 to 31 December 2004, they were competent to settle disputes emerged from international trade (including disputes emerging from the CISG) as courts of the first instance
- Since 1 January 2005 they rule on appeals as ordinary remedies against judgments issued by district courts in the first instance (including disputes emerging from the CISG)

Supreme Court of the
Slovak Republic
(Najvyssi sud
Slovenskej republiky)
The Supreme Court rules on appeals as ordinary remedies against judgments on rights and duties from CISG issued by regional courts in first instance (having competence in the period from 1 January 1992 to 31 December 2004)
- Rules on appeals on points of law and extraordinary appeals on points of law as extraordinary remedies against any final decisions issued by courts of the Slovak Republic
- Under sec. 8 part 3 of act no. 757/2004 Coll. on courts as amended it is responsible for unification of case-law of lower courts in application of legal instruments (including application of international conventions as CISG)

©Pace Law School Institute of International Commercial Law - Last updated July 21, 2009