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Sourced from CISG-online website of the University of Freiburg
Judicial organisation in France (Overview)
The CISG has entered into force for France on 1 January 1988.
Declarations and reservations
Cour de cassation (Cass.)
Supreme Court; seat in Paris
- Appeal on questions of law only, against decisions by any
court against which no other remedy is available anymore (independent of
the value of the dispute) according to Art. L 111-2 COJ. The Cour de cassation
does not retry the case itself, but rather verifies that the law was correctly
applied by the courts and the courts of appeal.
Cour d'appel (CA)
Court of Appeal (court of the second instance)
against decisions by the T.I. (if value of dispute exceeds FRF 13,000), T.G.I.
and Trib. com. according to Art. R 211-1 COJ
Tribunal d'instance (T.I.)
Disputes in civil matters involving a value not exceeding FRF 30,000 according to Art. R 321-1 COJ
Tribunal de grande instance (T.G.I.)
Higher District Court
Disputes in civil matters involving a value exceeding FRF 30,000 according to Art. R 311-1 COJ
Tribunal de commerce (Trib. com.)
Disputes between merchants (commercants) or concerning transactions governed by commercial law.
In departements without Trib. com. the jurisdiction over disputes in commercial matters is exercised by the T.G.I.
The above diagram is based on information kindly supplied by wiss. Ass. Dr. Rainer Hornung, Institute of Foreign and International Private Law, University of Freiburg, Germany.
Note: The overview only extends to courts that exercise jurisdiction over international sales contracts under the CISG.
COJ = Code de l'organisation judiciare (French Code of Judicial Organisation)
FRF = French Francs
CISG-France, Prof. Dr. Witz, Saarbrücken (French Case Law on the CISG)
Which court has jurisdiction? (by the French Ministry of Justice)
Cour d'appel de Paris (in French)
Tribunal de Commerce de Toulouse (in French)
Pace Law School
Institute of International Commercial Law - Last updated September 4, 2003