CISG: participating countries - Russian Federation Go to Database Directory || Go to List of Contracting States

Russian Federation

Effective date: 1 September 1991

Declarations and reservations: An Article 96 declaration is in effect for the Russian Federation.

"In accordance with article 12 and 96 of the Convention, any provision of article 11, article 29 or Part II of this Convention that allows a contract of sale of its modification or termination by agreement or any offer, acceptance or other indication of intention to be made in any form other than in writing does not apply where any party has his place of business in the [Russian Federation]."

Comments: This is an authorized Article 96 declaration. A consequence of Article 12, among other provisions of the CISG, is that the CISG supersedes otherwise applicable requirements of form to conclude a contract for the sale of goods. A Contracting State that does not desire this files an Article 96 declaration.

Historical data: September 1, 1991 is the date the Convention became effective for the USSR. The Russian Federation is regarded as successor to this treaty obligation.

Explanatory note: A similar ruling applies to Belarus and Ukraine. CAVEAT: It is said that the succession principle does not apply to the other new States of the former USSR. For each of these States, the ruling of the Legal Officer in charge of the United Nations Depositary function is that a further treaty formality is required prior to making the CISG applicable [for purposes of Article 1(1)(a)]. National courts will presumably make their own determinations on this issue.

Former USSR states Armenia, Estonia, Georgia, Kyrgystan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova and Uzbekistan have filed notices of accession to the CISG. The other cited States have not at this time filed notice of accession or succession to the CISG.

For additional information relevant to the CISG and the Russian Federation, go to:


Pace Law School Institute of International Commercial Law - Last updated July 17, 2006
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