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Finland

Effective date: 1 January 1989

Declarations and reservations: Finland had filed declarations under Articles 92 and 94. “On 1 June 2012, Finland will become a party to Part II of the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG). It means Finland will now apply both CISG Part II, which covers the formation of contracts, and CISG Part III, which covers the obligations of buyers and sellers. Contracts concluded by parties having their place of business in any of the five Nordic States (Denmark, Iceland, Finland, Norway and Sweden) will continue to be excluded from the scope of application of the CISG.” <http://www.unis.unvienna.org/unis/pressrels/2012/unisl162.html>

Historical editorial comments (dated pre-May 2012):

"With reference to article 92, Finland will not be bound by Part II of the Convention (Formation of the Contract)."

Comments: This is an authorized Article 92 declaration. CISG provisions on Formation of the Contract do not apply if one of the parties to a contract has his relevant place of business in Finland. [See entry on Article 92 for further data on Article 92 declarations.]

In October 2009, the Ministries of Justice of Denmark, Finland and Sweden) announced that their countries would adopt Part II by withdrawing their long-standing Article 92 declaration. Norway is also considering this. By virtue of the six-month rule in Article 97(4), it is unlikely that the States concerned will become true "Part II Contracting States" before 2011, even though Part II sometimes applies to these States. See <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cisg/biblio/lookofsky1.html>.

"With reference to Article 94, in respect of Sweden in accordance with paragraph (1) and otherwise in accordance with paragraph (2) the Convention will not apply to contracts of sale where the parties have their places of business in Finland, Sweden, Denmark, Iceland or Norway."

Comments: This is an authorized Article 94 declaration. It restricts application of the CISG in the Nordic countries indicated. [See entry on Article 94 for further data on Article 94 declarations.]


Pace Law School Institute of International Commercial Law - Last updated October 10, 2014
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