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Estonia

Effective date: 1 October 1994

Declarations and reservations: Estonia had filed an Article 96 declaration. However, this declaration was withdrawn on 9 March 2004.

"In accordance with articles 12 and 96 of the Convention, any provision of article 11, article 29 or Part II of this Convention that allows a contract of sale or its modification or termination by agreement or any offer, acceptance or other indication of intention to be made in any form other than in writing does not apply where any party has his place of business in Estonia."

Comments: This was an authorized Article 96 declaration. A consequence of Article 12, among other provisions of the CISG, is that the CISG supersedes otherwise applicable requirements of form to conclude a contract for the sale of goods. A Contracting State that does not desire this files an Article 96 declaration.

Historical data: The U.S.S.R, of which the Soviet Republic of Estonia was a part, ratified the CISG on 20 September 1993. After Estonia became an independent State, it elected to adopt the Convention by accession with an effective date of 1 August 1994.

Data on withdrawal of declaration. The UN Treaty Section reports that as of 9 March 2004:

"In accordance with Article 97, paragraph 4 of the said Convention, the Republic of Estonia declares that the Republic of Estonia withdraws the declaration made in the said instrument of ratification, which prescribed that: 'in accordance with articles 12 and 96 of the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods any provision of Article 11, Article 29 or Part II of the Convention that allows a contract of sale or its modification or termination by agreement or any offer, acceptance or other indication of intention to be made in any form other than in writing does not apply where any party has his place of business in the Republic of Estonia.'

"In consequence any provision of Article 11, Article 29 or Part II of the Convention that allows a contract of sale or its modification or termination by agreement or any offer, acceptance or other indication of intention to be made in any form other than in writing does apply where any party has his place of business in the Republic of Estonia."


Pace Law School Institute of International Commercial Law - Last updated September 7, 2004
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