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Selected archives: Full-texts of selected scholarly writings on the CISG and the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts and the Principles of European Contract Law

The archives contain full texts of law journal commentaries, books, monographs and related materials. This collection currently contains 1,624 such texts. These archives will grow. A new feature we are taking steps to implement is to also make broadly available the full texts of Masters and Doctoral dissertations on the CISG, the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts or the Principles of European Contract Law. These texts can be in any language. Masters and Doctoral authors are encouraged to contact Vikki Rogers: <vrogers@law.pace.edu> [click here for further information on the dissertation publication program]

>> More on our invitation to publish Masters and Doctoral dissertations

ABD EL HAMID, J. Khaled

2001. Fask' a'aqd al be' al dawli lel badae' wefkan le itefakeyet Vienna l'am 1980 [The Avoidance of the Contract for International Sale of Goods according to the Vienna Convention 1980 - in Arabic], Doctoral thesis Cairo University, 2d ed. 628 p.

ADAR, Yehuda

2012. The CISG in Israel, (October 11, 2012) The Global Challenge of International Sales Law (Forthcoming) available online at SSRN: <http://ssrn.com/abstract=2160143> [full text may be downloaded]

AGUIAR, Anelize Slomp

2011. The Law Applicable to International Trade Transactions with Brazilian Parties: A Comparative Study of the Brazilian Law, the CISG, and the American Law About Contract Formation, 17 Law & Bus. Rev. Am. (2011) 487-553; Thesis (masters) - University of Toronto, s.n. (2011) 79 p. available online at <https://tspace.library.utoronto.ca/handle/1807/29626>

AGUILAR VIEIRA, Iacyr de

2013. Brazil adhere The Vienna Convention of 1980 on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods also available in French Le Brésil Adhèrè À La Convention De Vienne De 1980 Sur Les Contrats Dd Vente Internationale De Marchandises (Roma, April 15, 2013)

AKADDAF, Fatima [Morocco]

2000. Application of the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) to Arab Islamic Countries: Is the CISG Compatible with Islamic Law Principles?, Pace essay submission (2000)

AKSELI, N. Orkun [Turkey]

2003. Remarks on whether and the extent to which the Principles of European Contract Law (PECL) may be used to help interpret Article 16 of the CISG (February 2003)

AKSELI, N. Orkun [Turkey]

2006. Commentary on Article 15 CISG, in: André Corterier ed., ccisg.org.online commentary (April 2006). Go to <http://www.ccisg.org> and click Article 15 link.

AL IBRAHIM, Marwan / ABABNEH, Ala'eldin / TAHAT, Hisham

2007. The Postal Acceptance Rule in the Digital Age, Journal of International Commercial Law and Technology, Vol. 2, Issue 1 (2007) 47-53 <http://www.jiclt.com/index.php/JICLT/article/viewArticle/33>

ALAZEMI, Essa

2012. Passing of Risk in International Contracts of Sale of Goods; A Comparative Study Between the United Nations Convention on Contracts for Sale of Goods 1980 and the English Sale of Goods Act 1979, dissertation for Master's degree in International Economic and Trade Law from Brunel University, UK (2012)

ALPA, Guido / GIAMPIERI, Alberto [Italy]

1995. Law and economics and method analysis: the contractual damages issue, Cardozo Law Bulletin (1995) [common principles of civil and common law]

ALPA, Guido [Italy]

2007. The Future of European Contract Law: Some Questions and Some Answers (2007) 20 p.

ALPA, Guido [Italy]

2011. Commercial Contracts and Services (2011) 26 p.

ALPA, Guido [Italy]

2011. Towards a European Contract Law (2011) 8 p.

van ALSTINE, Michael P.

1996. Consensus, Dissensus, and Contractual Obligations Through the Prism of Uniform International Sales Law, 37 Virginia Journal of International Law (1996) 1-105

van ALSTINE, Michael P.

1998. Dynamic Treaty Interpretation, 146 University of Pennsylvania Law Review (1998) 687-793

ALTVATER, Norbert [Canada]

2007. "Possible Consequences" as contained in Article 74 of the Convention for the International Sale of Goods (CISG): Friend or Foe?, ExpressO (2007) 37 p., available at <http://works.bepress.com/norbert_altvater/1> [The concept of "possible consequences" in Article 74 is not seen as significantly broader than the concept of foreseeability at common law]

AMATO, Paul [U.S.]

1993. Recent Developments: CISG. U.N. Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods - The Open Price Term and Uniform Application: an Early Interpretation by the Hungarian Courts, 13 Journal of Law and Commerce (1993) 1-29

AMERICAN BAR ASSOCIATION [U.S.]

1990. Section of International Law and Practice - Reports to the House of Delegates - Convention on the Limitation Period in the International Sale of Goods, 24 International Lawyer (1990) 583-599

AMISSAH, Ralph

1997. On the Net and the liberation of information that "wants" to be free, in: Fra instututt til fakultet, Jubileumsskrift: anledning av at IRV ved Universitet i Tromsø feirer 10 år og er blitt til Det juridiske fakultet (Tromsø 20 February 1997) 59-76 [CISG references at 67-70]

AMISSAH, Ralph

1997. The Autonomous Contract: Reflecting the borderless electronic-commercial environment in contracting, presentation at seminar on Legal Information (Bergen, Norway: September 1997) = Elektronisk handel - rettslige aspekter, Randi Punsvik ed., Nordisk årbok i rettsinformatikk 1997 (Oslo 1997) 10-49

AMISSAH, Ralph

1998. Cross-reference editorial analysis of CISG Article 65, CISG W3 Database, Pace University School of Law (http://www.cisg.law.pace.edu), December 1997, pp.1-15 = Missing Specifications in International Sales: Article 65 of the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, 9 Pace International Law Review (1997) 239-255

ÄMMÄLÄ, Tuula [Finland]

2002. CISGä Koskevaa Kirjallisuutta [Literature on the CISG - in English and - in Finnish] Article-by-article bibliography of Finnish works on the CISG (1980), (Turku, Finland) University of Turku (2002) available online at <http://www.law.utu.fi/tiedostot/xcisg/kirjal.htm#a>

ÄMMÄLÄ, Tuula [Finland]

2003. International Trade in Finland - the Applicable Rules, 5 Turku Law Journal (1/2003) 85-105

ANDERSEN, Camilla Baasch [Denmark]

1998. Furthering the Uniform Application of the CISG: Sources of Law on the Internet, 10 Pace International Law Review (1998) 403-410

ANDERSEN, Camilla Baasch [Denmark]

1998. Reasonable Time in Article 39(1) of the CISG - Is Article 39(1) Truly a Uniform Provision?, Pace essay (1998) = Pace ed., Review of the Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) 1998, Kluwer Law International (1999) 63-176 [this revised edition of her text is being processed for entry in the database]

ANDERSEN, Camilla Baasch [Denmark]

2004. The Internet: Tool of Law, Source of Law or Tool for Sources - Use of the Internet in Legal Practice using Examples from International Sales, 18th BILETA Conference: Controlling Information on the Online Environment (April 2003), Electronic Law Journal - JILT 2004 (3) <http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/law/elj/jilt/2004_3/andersen/>

ANDERSEN, Camilla Baasch [Denmark]

2004. Comparative Analysis. Selected Notice Requirements under CISG, PECL and UNIDROIT Principles: CISG Arts. 39 & 26; UNIDROIT Principles Arts. 1.9, 3.14, 7.3.2; PECL Arts. 1.303, 3.304, 4.112, 9,303, 13.104 (November 2004)

ANDERSEN, Camilla Baasch [Denmark]

2005. Exceptions to the Notification Rule: Are They Uniformly Interpreted, 9 Vindobona Journal of International Commercial Law & Arbitration (2005) 17-42 [analysis of case law under Articles 40 and 44 CISG]

ANDERSEN, Camilla Baasch [Denmark]

2005. The Uniform International Sales Law and the Global Jurisconsultorium, 24 Journal of Law and Commerce (2005) 159-179. For text of this commentary in Chinese, go to <http://www.hkiac.org/HKIAC/pdf/Further%20Readings/CISG_Article.pdf>

ANDERSEN, Camilla Baasch [Denmark]

2008. General Principles of the CISG - Generally Impenetrable?, in: Camilla B. Andersen / Ulrich G. Schroeter eds., Sharing International Law across National Boundaries: Festschrift for Albert H. Kritzer on the Occasion of his Eightieth Birthday, Wildy, Simmonds & Hill Publishing (2008) 13-33

ANDERSEN, Camilla Baasch [Denmark]

2009. The Global Jurisconsultorium of the CISG Revisited, 13 Vindobona Journal of International Commercial Law and Arbitration (2009) 43-70

ANDERSEN, Camilla Baasch [Denmark]

2010. Practical Jurisconsultorium Cases by Country (16 April 2010) 7 p.

ANDERSEN, Camilla Baasch / MAZZOTTA, Francesco / ZELLER, Bruno

2010. The Nature of CISG Case Law: The Key to Uniformity and Many Persuasive Examples for Counsel to Draw from, in: Introduction to Andersen / Mazzotta / Zeller, A Practitioner's Guide to the CISG, Juris Publishing (May 2010)

ANDERSEN, Mads Bryde

1998. Electronic Commerce: A Challenge to Private law, Centro di studi e ricerche di diritto comparato e straniero: saggi, conferenze e seminari, No. 32 (Rome 1998) 1-29

ANDREASON, Rod N. [U.S.]

1999. MCC-Marble Ceramic Center: The parol evidence rule and other domestic law under the Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, 1999 Brigham Young University Law Review 351-379

ANGELO, Tony / XIONG, Ping

2008. Free Trade Agreement between the Government of the People’s Republic of China and the Government of New Zealand, 5 New Zealand yearbook of International Law 65 (January 2008) <http://www.austlii.edu.au/cgi-bin/sinodisp/nz/journals/NZYbkIntLaw/2008/4.html?stem=0&synonyms=0&query=cisg>

ANYAMELE, Uche

2011. The United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods: A Proposal for Nigeria, Masters Thesis, University of Durham (September 2011)

ASGHARI AGGMASHHDI, Fakhroddin / ALA, Mahdi

2013. [Delivery of goods more than provided in the contract (a comparative study in Iranian law, CISG (1980) and English law) - in Persian], 19 Private law (Tehran) (2013) 25-52 available online at <http://journals.ut.ac.ir/?_action=articleInfo&article=30137&vol=3080>

ATAMER, Yesim M. [Turkey]

2008. Saticinin Sözlesmeye Aykiri Davranisi Ekseninde CISG'in Ifa Engelleri Sistemine Genel Bakis [General survey of the CISG's remedies for breach of contract - in Turkish], in Yesim M. Atamer ed., Milletlerarasi Satim Hukuku - Milletlerarasi Mal Satimina Iliskin Sözlesmeler Hakkinda Birlesmis Milletler Antlasmasi (CISG) [International Sales Law - United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) - in Turkish], Seminar at Istanbul Bilgi University 17 / 18 November 2006, On iki Levha Basim: Istanbul (2008) 221-265

ATIPO, A.P.

2008 / 2009. Force Majeur in international business: a comparative assessment of force majeure under the UCC and the UNCISG. CAR: CEPMLP annual review (2008/2009) available online at <http://www.dundee.ac.uk/cepmlp/gateway/index.php?news=30850>

ATTORNEYS' FEES AS DAMAGES : U.S. Zapata case

2003. Petition for Writ of Certiorari filed with U.S. Supreme Court (March 2003); Brief of Respondent in Opposition to Petition (12 May 2003); Amicus Curiae Brief in Support of Petition (12 May 2003); Petitioner's Reply Brief; Amicus Curiae Brief in Opposition to Petition (October 2003); Supplemental Brief for the Petitioner in response (November 2003)

AUDIT, Bernard [France]

1990/1998. The Vienna Sales Convention and the Lex Mercatoria, in: Lex Mercatoria and Arbitration, Thomas E. Carbonneau ed., Transnational Juris Publications (1990) 139-160 and rev. ed., Carbonneau ed., Juris Publishing (1998) 173-194

AZEREDO da SILVEIRA, Mercédeh

2005. Anticipatory Breach under the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (December 2005); see also Nordic Journal of Commercial Law <http://www.njcl.utu.fi/2_2005/article1.htm>

AZEREDO da SILVEIRA, Mercédeh

2006. Termination of Contract Under the Principles of European Contract Law - A Comparative Study (2006) 34 p.

AZZIMAN, Omar

1993. La traditionalisation du droit: Tradition Juridique islamique et droit privé marocain [ - in French], Saggi Conferenze e Seminari 11. Centro di studi e recherché di diritto Comparator e straniero, diretto da M.J. Bonell (October 1993)

AZZOUNI, Ahmad

2002. The adoption of the 1980 Convention on the International Sale of Goods by the United Kingdom, Pace essay submission (27 May 2002)

BABIAK, Andrew [U.S.]

1992. Defining "Fundamental Breach" Under the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, 6 Temple International and Comparative Law Journal (1992) 113-143

BACIU, Angela Mita [Romania]

2009. Principiile UNIDROIT aplicabile contractelor comerciale internationale in perspective celei de-a trea editii [UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts in light of the third edition - in Romanian], Revista de note si studiijuridice [Study and Juridical Notes Review (15 December 2009) 10 p., available online at <http://rnsj.ro/93345/principiile-unidroit-aplicabile-contractelor-comerciale-internationale-in-perspectiva-celei-de-a-treia-editii.html>

BACKHAUS, Richard

2004. The Limits of the Duty to Perform in the Principles of European Contract Law, 8.1 Electronic Journal of Comparative Law (March 2004) <http://www.ejcl.org/81/abs81-2.html> [Analysis of PECL Arts. 8:108 "Excuse Due to an Impediment" and 6:111 "Change of Circumstances"]

BAEZ, Julio A.

1997. Cross-reference editorial analysis of CISG Article 90, CISG W3 Database, Pace University School of Law (http://www.cisg.law.pace.edu), February 1997, pp 1-4

BAILEY, James E. [U.S.]

1999. Facing the Truth: Seeing the Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods as an Obstacle to a Uniform Law of International Sales, 32 Cornell International Law Journal (1999) 273-317

BAINBRIDGE, Stephen [U.S.]

1984. Trade Usages in International Sales of Goods: An Analysis of the 1964 and 1980 Sales Conventions, in: 24 Virginia Journal of International Law (1984) 619-665

BANAKIS, Stathis

2009. Liability for Contractual Negotiations in English Law: Looking for the Litmus Test (13 February 2009), InDret Revista Para El Analisis del Derecho (Barcelona), Vol. 1, 2009. Available at SSRN <http://ssrn.com/abstract=1368208> 21 p. [full text may be downloaded]

von BAR, Christian [Germany]

1999. Study of the systems of private law in the EU with regard to discrimination and the creation of a European Civil Code, in: Study of the systems of private law in the EU with regard to discrimination and the creation of a European Civil Code, European Parliament, Directorate General for Research, Working Paper, Legal Affairs Series JURI 103 EN (June 1999), Chapter III, 137-150

von BAR, Christian [Germany]

1999. A European Civil Code, international agreements and European directives, in: Study of the systems of private law in the EU with regard to discrimination and the creation of a European Civil Code, European Parliament, Directorate General for Research, Working Paper, Legal Affairs Series JURI 103 EN (June 1999), Chapter III, 151-155

von BAR, Christian [Germany]

2005. Working Together Toward a Common Frame of Reference, 10 Juridica International, Tartu, Estonia (2005) 17-26, available online at <http://www.juridicainternational.eu/index/2005/vol-x/working-together-toward-a-common-frame-of-reference>

von BAR, Christian [Germany]

2008. The Launch of the Draft Common Frame of Reference, 14 Juridica International, Tartu, Estonia (2008) 4-9, available online at <http://www.juridicainternational.eu/index/2008/vol-xiv/the-launch-of-the-draft-common-frame-of-reference>

BAR, Nir / HAR-SINAY, Natanella [Israel]

2008. Contract Validity and the CISG: Closing the Loophole (25 January 2008) 10 p., available online at <http://www.articlesbase.com/law-articles/contract-validity-and-the-cisg-international-treaty-closing-the-loophole-315561.html>

BARNES, Wayne R. [U.S.]

2005. Contemplating a Civil Law Paradigm for a Future International Commercial Code, 65 Louisiana Law Review (Winter 2005) 677-774

BARON, Gesa

1998. Do the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts form a new lex mercatoria?, Pace essay (June 1998) 11p.

BARRERA GRAF, Jorge [Mexico]

1987. Comments on Article 85 CISG [Seller's Duty to Preserve Goods], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 613-619

BARRERA GRAF, Jorge [Mexico]

1987. Comments on Article 86 CISG [Buyer's Duty to Preserve Goods], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 620-624

BARRERA GRAF, Jorge [Mexico]

1987. Comments on Article 87 CISG [Deposit (Warehousing) of Goods with Third Person], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 625-626

BARRERA GRAF, Jorge [Mexico]

1987. Comments on Article 88 CISG [Sale of Preserved Goods], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 627-632

BASEDOW, Jürgen [Germany]

2005. Towards a Universal Doctrine of Breach of Contract: The Impact of the CISG, 25 International Review of Law and Economics (2005/3) 487-500 [See M. Bridge for comments on this article]

BATESON, Douglas P. / FLAMBOURAS, Dionysios P.

2003 / 2004. International trade law and the Greek shipping sector, Shipping Finance Annual (2003/2004) 40-43 [review of the interplay between the CISG and Incoterms 2000]

BAYSAL, Pelin

2012. Milletlerarası Mal Satımına İlişkin Sözleşmeler Hakkında Birleşmiş Milletler Antlaşması (CISG) Çerçevesinde Satıcının Ayıptan Sorumluluğu [Warranty by the Seller under the United Nations Convention on International Sale of Goods (CISG) - in Turkish] in ŞIPKA/YILDIRIM (eds.) "Sales Contracts under the New Turkish Code of Obligations and the CISG", XII Levha Publishing Co., Istanbul (2012) pp. 221 et seq.

BAZINAS, Spiros V. [United Nations]

2005. Uniformity in the Interpretation and the Application of the CISG: The Role of CLOUT and the Digest, presentation at UNCITRAL - SIAC seminar on Celebrating Success: 25 Years United Nations Convention on the International Sale of Goods, Singapore (22 September 2005) 7 p.

BEALE, Hugh [United Kingdom]

2005. The Development of European Private Law and the European Commission's Action Plan on Contract Law, 10 Juridica International, Tartu, Estonia (2005) 4-16, available online at <http://www.juridicainternational.eu/index/2005/vol-x/the-development-of-european-private-law-and-the-european-commissions-action-plan-on-contract-law>

BEALE, Hugh [United Kingdom]

2008. The Nature and Purposes of the Common Frame of Reference, 14 Juridica International, Tartu, Estonia (2008) 10-17, available online at <http://www.juridicainternational.eu/index/2008/vol-xiv/the-nature-and-purposes-of-the-common-frame-of-reference>

BEALE, Hugh [United Kingdom]

2008. Pre-contractual Obligations: The General Contract Law Background, 14 Juridica International, Tartu, Estonia (2008) 42-50, available online at <http://www.juridicainternational.eu/index/2008/vol-xiv/pre-contractual-obligations-the-general-contract-law-background>

BEGAIYM, E.

2009. Formation of contract for the international sale of goods: comparative study of the CISG and the legislation of the Kyrgyz Republic. Central European University (2009) 91 p. Thesis (LLM) available online at <http://goya.ceu.hu/record=b1137996~S0>

BEHR, Volker [Germany]

1993/1994. Commentary on OLG Frankfurt 17 Sept. 1991, 12 Journal of Law and Commerce (1993) 271-275 = 6 Int'l Q. (1994) 26-31

BEHR, Volker [Germany]

1998. The Sales Convention in Europe: From Problems in Drafting to Problems in Practice, 17 Journal of Law and Commerce (1998) 263-299

BELINE, Thomas M. [U.S]

2007. Legal Defect Protected by Article 42 of the CISG: A Wolf in Sheep's Clothing, 7 University of Pittsburgh Journal of Technology Law Policy (2010) 6 et seq.

BELL, Gary F.

2005. Why Singapore Should Withdraw Its [Article 95] Reservation to the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG), 9 Singapore Year Book of International Law (2005) 55-73

BELL, Gary F.

2005. Harmonisation of Contract Law in Asia - Harmonising Regionally or Adopting Global Harmonisations - The Example of the CISG, Singapore Journal of Legal Studies (2005) 362-372

BELL, Gary F.

2008. Uniformity through Persuasive International Authority - Does Stare Decisis Really Hinder the Uniform Interpretation of the CISG?, in: Camilla B. Andersen / Ulrich G. Schroeter eds., Sharing International Commercial Law across National Borders: Festschrift for Albert H. Kritzer on the Occasion of his Eightieth Birthday, Wildy, Simmonds & Hill Publishing (March 2008) 35-47

BELL, Kevin [U.S.]

1996. The Sphere of Application of the Vienna Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, 8 Pace International Law Review (1996) 237-258

BENETI, Ana Carolina [Brazil]

2014. Brasil e a vigência, em 2014, da Convenção de Viena das Nações Unidas de 1980 sobre Contratos de Compra e Venda Internacional de Mercadorias (CISG) [ - in Portuguese], Pinheironeto Advogados, Anexo Biblioteca Informa no. 2.288 (Sao Paulo, January 17, 2014) available online at <http://www.cisg-brasil.net/downloads/Anexo%20BI%202.288a.pdf>

BENNETT, Trevor [Australia]

1987. Comments on Article 71 CISG [Suspension of Performance], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 513-524

BENNETT, Trevor [Australia]

1987. Comments on Article 72 CISG [Avoidance for Anticipatory Breach], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 525-530

BENNETT, Trevor [Australia]

1987. Comments on Article 73 CISG [Avoidance of Installment Contracts], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 531-537

BEN-SHAHAR, Omri

2004. An Ex-Ante View of the Battle of the Forms: Inducing Parties to Draft Reasonable Terms (October 2004) 26 p. University of Michigan Legal Working Paper Series. University of Michigan John M. Olin Center for Law & Economics Working Paper Series. Working Paper 32. University of Michigan Paper No. 2004-018 <http://www.law.umich.edu/centersandprograms/olin/papers.htm>; see also 25 Review of Law and Economics (2005/3) 350-370

BERGAMI, Roberto[Australia]

2007. What Can UCP 600 Do for You?, 11 Vindobona Journal of International Commercial Law and Arbitration (1/2007) 1-10

BERGER, Klaus Peter [Germany]

1998. International Arbitral Practice and the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts, 46 American Journal of Comparative Law (1998) 129-150

BERGER, Klaus Peter [Germany]

1999. The Creeping Codification of the Lex Mercatoria, Kluwer Law International (1999) 376 p. [excerpt available on the Internet courtesy of CENTRAL Transnational Law Database (TLDG)]

BERGER, Klaus Peter [Germany]

2001. Transnational Commercial Law in the Age of Globalization, Centro di studi e ricerche di diritto comparato e straniero: saggi, conferenze e seminari, No. 42 (Rome 2001) 1-29

BERGSTEN, Eric E. [U.S.]

1981. Commentary on Article 28 CISG, in: The Law of Sales in Comparative Law, Les Ventes Internationales de Marchandises, Paris: Economica (1981) 11-14

BERGSTEN, Eric E. [U.S.]

1999. The Willem C. Vis International Commercial Arbitration Moot [on the CISG]: The Perspective of the Organizer, 6 Croat. Arbitration Yearbook (1999) 167-172; see also: Willem C. Vis International Commercial Arbitration Moot 1998: The Reports of the Zagreb Team, 5 Croat. Arbitration Yearbook (1998) 235 et seq.

BERGSTEN, Eric E. [U.S.]

2001. Teaching about International Commercial Law and Arbitration: The Eighth Annual Willem C. Vis International Commercial Arbitration Moot, 18 Journal of International Arbitration (August 2001) No. 4. 481-486

BERGSTEN, Eric E. [U.S.]

2006. Introduction to issue of IHR dedicated to the Moot on the CISG, Internationales Handelsrecht (6/2006) 226-237

BERGSTEN, Eric E. [U.S.]

2008. Amending the Contract: Article 29 CISG, in: Camilla B. Andersen / Ulrich G. Schroeter eds., Sharing International Law across National Boundaries: Festschrift for Albert H. Kritzer on the Occasion of his Eightieth Birthday, Wildy, Simmonds & Hill Publishing (2008)48-61

BERGSTEN, Eric E. [U.S.] / MILLER, Anthony J.

1979. The Remedy of Reduction of Price, 27 American Journal of Comparative Law (1979) 255-277

BERNASCONI, Christophe

1999. The Personal and Territorial Scope of the Vienna Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (Article 1), 46 Netherlands International Law Review (1999) 137-170

BERNSTEIN, Lisa E. [U.S.]

1999. The Questionable Empirical Basis of Article 2's Incorporation Strategy: A Preliminary Study, 66 University of Chicago Law Review (1999) 710-780 = Berkeley Olin Program in Law & Economics, Working Paper Series, Paper 26 (20 January 1999) <http://repositories.cdlib.org/blewp/26> [Commentary on the "incorporation principle" expressed in UCC sections dealing with course of dealing, usage of trade, and course of performance. Lead sentence: "The UCC, the CISG and the modern Lex Mercatoria are based on the premise that unwritten customs and usages of trade exist and that in commercial disputes they can, and should, be discovered and applied by courts."]

BERNSTEIN, L.

2012. An (un)common Frame of Reference: An American Perspective on the Jurisprudence on the CESL, Conference on European Sales Law: A Law and Economics Perspective (2012) University of Chicago Conference Paper available online at <http://www.law.uchicago.edu/events/europeancontractlaw>

BERRY, Sophia

2012. Third Party Defaults and Exemption from Liability in Damages under the CISG: Is Article 79(2) Necessary for Modern International Commerce to Function Effectively?, LL.M. thesis (2012) King's College London

BEVILACQUA, Thomas

2005. L'article 3 de la Convention de Vienne et les contrats complexes dans le domaine de l'informatique: une lecture de las jurisprudence pertinente [CISG Article 3 and Complex Contracts in the Field of Computer Sciences: A Review of the Relevant Caselaw - in French], 50 McGill Law Journal / Revue de Droit de McGill (2005) 553-593 [Sales vs. services under Article 3 CISG in the context of the ever-growing presence of computers]

BIANCA, Cesare Massimo [Italy]

1987. Comments on Article 35 CISG [Conformity of Goods], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 268-283

BIANCA, Cesare Massimo [Italy]

1987. Comments on Article 36 CISG [Liability for Lack of Conformity], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 284-289

BIANCA, Cesare Massimo [Italy]

1987. Comments on Article 37 CISG [Cure Before Date for Delivery], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 290-294

BIANCA, Cesare Massimo [Italy]

1987. Comments on Article 38 CISG [Examination of Goods], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 295-302

BIANCA, Cesare Massimo / BONELL, Michael Joachim [Italy] eds.

1987. Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 886 p. Commentaries by J. Barrera Graf , H.T. Bennett , C.M. Bianca , M.J. Bonell , G. Eörsi , M. Evans , E.A. Farnsworth , W. Khoo , V. Knapp , O. Lando , D. Maskow , B. Nicholas , J. Rajski , K. Sono , D. Tallon , M. Will [See individual authors for links to texts of commentaries]

BIJL, Maartje [Netherlands]

2009. Fundamental breach in Documentary Sales Contracts: The Doctrine of Strict Compliance with the Underlying Sales Contract, 1 European Journal of Commercial Contract Law (1/2009) 19-28

BIRK, Rolf

1973. Die Umrechnungsbefugnis bei Fremdwärungsforderungen im Internationalen Privatrecht [ - in German], 19 Aussenwirtschaftsdienst des Betriebs-Beraters (1973) 425-440 [available on the Internet courtesy of CENTRAL Transnational Law Database (TLDB)]

BLASE, Friedrich [Germany]

1999. Leaving the Shadow for the Test of Practice - On the Future of the Principles of European Contract Law, 3 Vindobona Journal of International Commercial Law and Arbitration, Issue 1 (1999) 3-14

BLASE, Friedrich [Germany]

2000. Book Review: Will ed., CISG and China: Theory and Practice, in: 4 Vindobona Journal (2000) 95-98

BLASE, Friedrich [Germany]

2001. A Brief SWOT-Analysis of the Willem C. Vis Moot, 5 Vindobona Journal of International Commercial Law and Arbitration (2001) 117-123. Available on the Internet courtesy of the Vindobona Journal <http://www.maa.net/vindobonajournal/vj_documents/vj_article_blase_friedrich_0105.pdf>

BLASE, Friedrich / HÖTTLER, Philipp [Germany]

2004. Remarks on the Damages Provisions in the CISG, Principles of European Contract Law and UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts (December 2004)

BLODGETT, Paul C. [U.S.]

1989. The UN Convention on the Sale of Goods and the "Battle of the Forms", 18 The Colorado Lawyer (March 1989) 423-430

BODENHEIMER, Edgar [U.S]

1986. Doctrine as a Source of the International Unification of Law, 34 American Journal of Comparative Law (1986) 67-79

BOGGIANO, Antonio [Argentina]

1988. Uniform Law and Its Introduction into National Law -- The experience of Latin American States, UNIDROIT ed., International Uniform Law in Practice / Le droit uniforme international dans la pratique [Acts and Proceedings of the 3rd Congress on Private Law held by the International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (Rome 7-10 September 1987), New York: Oceana (1988) 28-47

BOGHOSSIAN, Naiyiri [Syria]

1999-2000. A Comparative Study of Specific Performance Provisions in the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, McGill University = Pace Review of the Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, Kluwer (1999-2000) 3-78

BOLLEE, Sylvain [France]

1999-2000. The Theory of Risks in the Vienna Sale of Goods Convention 1980, Paris I thesis = Pace Review of the Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, Kluwer (1999-2000) 245-290

BOLZONELLO, L.

2012. The 'Validity Exception' in the CISG and Remedies for Mistake in Domestic Contract Law: preemption and concurrence, Social Science Research Network (May 15, 2012) available online at <http://ssrn.com/abstract=2121714> [full text may be downloaded]

BONELL, Michael Joachim [Italy]

1987. Introduction to the Convention, in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 1-20

BONELL, Michael Joachim [Italy]

1987. Comments on Article 6 CISG [Autonomy of the Parties], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 51-64

BONELL, Michael Joachim [Italy]

1987. Comments on Article 7 CISG [Interpretation of Convention], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 65-94

BONELL, Michael Joachim [Italy]

1987. Comments on Article 9 CISG [Usages and Practices], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 103-115

BONELL, Michael Joachim [Italy]

1988. A Proposal for the Establishment of a "Permanent Editorial Board for the Vienna Sales Convention, UNIDROIT ed., International Uniform Law in Practice / Le droit uniforme international dans la pratique [Acts and Proceedings of the 3rd Congress on Private Law held by the International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (Rome 7-10 September 1987), New York: Oceana (1988) 241-244

BONELL, Michael Joachim [Italy]

1990. Vertragsverhandlungen und culpa in contrahendo nach dem Wiener Kaufrechtsübereinkommen [Contract negotiations and culpa in contrahendo under the Vienna Sales Convention - in German], 36 Recht der Internationalen Wirtschaft (1990) 693-702 [available on the Internet courtesy of CENTRAL Transnational Law Database (TLDB)]

BONELL, Michael Joachim [Italy]

1990. International Uniform Law in Practice - Or Where the Real Trouble Begins, 38 American Journal of Comparative Law (1990) 865-888

BONELL, Michael Joachim [Italy]

1996. The UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts and the Vienna Sales Convention - Alternatives or Complementary Instruments?, Revue de droit uniforme/Uniform Law Review (1996) 26-39

BONELL, Michael Joachim [Italy]

1996. The UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts and the Principles of European Contract Law: Similar Rules for the Same Purpose?, Uniform Law Review (1996) 229-246

BONELL, Michael Joachim [Italy]

1997. An International Restatement of Contract Law, 2d ed. (Transnational 1997) 600 pp. [This second edition is substantially enlarged containing new chapters 4 and 5 that discuss the relationship between the UNIDROIT Principles and the CISG, and the Principles of European Contract Law. A new Chapter 8 reviews the first practical experiences with the UNIDROIT Principles, including a survey of the first 25 or so decisions rendered by arbitral tribunals and State courts thus far, which refer in one way or another to the UNIDROIT Principles.] The text of Chapter 4, "The UNIDROIT Principles and CISG," is presented on the Internet. The text of Chapter 5, "The UNIDROIT Principles and the Principles of European Contract Law", is also available on the Internet, in this case courtesy of the PECL website of the European Commission <http://www.cbs.dk/departments/law/staff/ol/commission_on_ecl/literature.htm>

BONELL, Michael Joachim [Italy]

1997. The UNIDROIT Principles in practice: the experience of the first two years, Uniform Law Review (1997) 34-45

BONELL, Michael Joachim [Italy]

1999. The UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts: Nature, Purposes and First Experiences in Practice, presented on the UNIDROIT website, "http://www.unidroit.org/english/principles/pr-exper.htm"

BONELL, Michael Joachim [Italy]

2000. The UNIDROIT Principles and transnational law [article based on paper presented at Seminar on "The Use of Transnational Law in International Contract Practice and Arbitration" organized by the Center for Transnational Law, Münster, Germany (4-5 May 2000)]; see also "The UNIDROIT Principles and transnational law, Uniform Law Review (2000) 199-218; <http://www.unidroit.org/english/publications/review/articles/2000-2.htm>

BONELL, Michael Joachim [Italy]

2001. Do We Need a Global Commercial Code?, 106 Dickinson Law Review (2001) 87-100

BONELL, Michael Joachim [Italy]

2007. The UNIDROIT Principles and the CISG - Sources of Inspiration for English Courts?, 19 Pace International Law Review (Spring 2007/1)

BONELL, Michael Joachim [Italy]

2008. The CISG, European Contract Law and the Development of a World Contract Law, 56 American Journal of Comparative Law (2008) 1-28

BONELL, Michael Joachim [Italy]

2008. Towards a Legislative Codification of the UNIDROIT Principles?, in: Camilla B. Andersen / Ulrich G. Schroeter eds., Sharing International Commercial Law across National Boundaries: Festschrift for Albert H. Kritzer on the Occasion of his Eightieth Birthday, Wildy, Simmonds & Hill Publishing (March 2008) 62-76

BONELL, Michael Joachim [Italy]

2008 / 2009. The CISG and the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts: Two Complementary Instruments, 10 International Law Review of Wuhan University (2008-2009) 100-117

BONELL, Michael Joachim / LIGUORI, Fabio [Italy]

1997. The UN Convention on the International Sale of Goods: A Critical Analysis of Current International Case Law, Revue de droit uniforme/Uniform Law Review (1997) 385-395

BONELL, Michael Joachim / PELEGGI, Roberta

2009. UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts and Draft Common Frame of Reference: A Syncoptical Table, 14 Uniform Law Review (3/2008) 437-544

BOOZ / ALLEN / HAMILTON [New York]

2008. Reinforcing Ethiopia’s International Trade Law Framework for a Stronger Business Environment: A case for the ratifications of the New York Convention and the CISG. s.l., USAID [United States Agency for International Development] (2008) 27 p. available online at <http://www.dagethiopia.org/index.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_download&gid=22&Itemid=120>

BORISOVA, Bojidara [Bulgaria]

2002. Geographic sphere of application of the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (September 2002)

BORISOVA, Bojidara [Bulgaria]

2003. Remarks on the manner in which the Principles of European Contract Law may be used to interpret or supplement Article 75 of the CISG (October 2003)

BORISOVA, Bojidara [Bulgaria]

2004. Remarks on the manner in which the UNIDROIT Principles may be used to interpret or supplement Article 75 of the CISG (May 2004)

BORISOVA, Bojidara [Bulgaria]

2004. Remarks on the Manner in which the UNDROIT Principles May Be Used to Interpret or Supplement Article 6 of the CISG (December 2004)

BORTOLOTTI, Fabio

2005 - 2006. Remedies Available to the Seller and Seller's Right to Require Specific Performance (Articles 61, 62 and 28), at: Conference Celebrating the 25th Anniversary of United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods sponsored by UNCITRAL and the Vienna International Arbitration Centre (Vienna: 15-18 March 2005), 25 Journal of Law and Commerce, Issue No. 1 (Fall 2005 / Spring 2006) 335-338

BORTOLUZZI, Chiara [Italy]

2010. A New European Model of Legal Education as One of the Institutional Elements of the New European Common Law, 10 Global Jurist (1/2010) Article 3, available online at <http://www.bepress.com/gj/vol10/iss1/art3>

BOUCARD, H.

2008. La Unificación Internacional del derecho del Contrato de Compraventa y su Irradiación Europea, [ - in Spanish] Revista electrónica de la Facultad de Derecho de la Universidad de Granada (Granada, Spain) (1 March 2008) available online at <http://www.refdugr.com/documentos/articulos/13.pdf>

BOUT, Patrick X. [Netherlands]

1998. Trade usages: Article 9 of the Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, Pace essay (1998)

BRAND, Ronald A. [U.S.]

1988. Non-Convention Issues in the Preparation of Transnational Sales Contracts, 8 Journal of Law and Commerce (1988) 145-186

BRAND, Ronald A. [U.S.]

2005. Balancing Sovereignty and Party Autonomy in Private International Law: Regression at the European Court of Justice (June 2005), University of Pittsburgh School of Law Working Paper Series, Working Paper 25 <http://law.bepress.com/pittlwps/papers/art25>

BRAND, Ronald A. [U.S.]

2005 - 2006. CISG Article 31: When Substantive Law Rules Affect Jurisdictional Results, at: Conference Celebrating the 25th Anniversary of United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods sponsored by UNCITRAL and the Vienna International Arbitration Centre (Vienna: 15-18 March 2005), 25 Journal of Law and Commerce, Issue No. 1 (Fall 2005 / Spring 2006) 181-202

BRAND, Ronald A. [U.S.]

2009. The European Magnet and the U.S. Centrifuge: Ten Selected Private International Law Developments of 2008, ILSA Journal of International & Comparative Law, Vol. 15, No. 2, U. of Pittsburgh Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2009-01 (January 2009), abstract and link to text available at <http://ssrn.com/abstract=1323854>

BRAND, Ronald A. / FLECHTNER, Harry M. [U.S.]

1993. Arbitration and Contract Formation in International Trade: First Interpretations of the U.N. Sales Convention [commenting on Filanto v. Chilewich (U.S.) and ICC Case No. 5713 of 1989], 12 Journal of Law and Commerce (1993) 239-260

BRANDNER , Gert [Germany]

1999. Admissibility of Analogy in Gap-filling under the CISG, LL.M. thesis (1999), University of Aberdeen

BRAZIL - COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS AND NATIONAL DEFENSE

2011. Congresso Nacional, Câmara dos Deputados, Projecto de decreto legislativo, N.º 222-A, DE 2011, Mensagem No 636/2010, Aviso No 772/2010 - C. Civil. S.l., Câmara dos Deputados (2011) 75 p. Report including CISG (1980) - in Portuguese and analytical report on CISG (1980) by the Chamber of Trade. Includes an annex with chart comparing CISG (1980) to domestic legislation available online at <http://www.camara.gov.br/proposicoesWeb/fichadetramitacao?idProposicao=502799>

BRIDGE, Michael G. [United Kingdom]

2003. Uniformity and Diversity in the Law of International Sales, 15 Pace International Law Review (Spring 2003) 55-89

BRIDGE, Michael G. [United Kingdom]

2005. A Comment on "Towards a Universal Doctrine of Breach of Contract: The Impact of the CISG" by Jürgen Basedow, 25 International Review of Law and Economics (2005/3) 501-511

BRIDGE, Michael G. [United Kingdom]

2005. Uniform and Harmonized Sales Law: Choice of Law Issues, in: James J. Fawcett, Jonathan M. Harris & Michael Bridge, International Sale of Goods in the Conflict of Laws, Oxford University Press (2005) 908-988

BRIDGE, Michael G. [United Kingdom]

2005 - 2006. Issues Arising Under Articles 64, 72 and 73 of the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods: Avoidance, Suspension and Anticipatory Breach, at: Conference Celebrating the 25th Anniversary of United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods sponsored by UNCITRAL and the Vienna International Arbitration Centre (Vienna: 15-18 March 2005), 25 Journal of Law and Commerce, Issue No. 1 (Fall 2005 / Spring 2006) 405-421

BRIDGE, Michael G. [United Kingdom]

2007. A Law for International Sales, 37 Hong Kong Law Journal (2007) 17-40

BRIDGE, Michael G. [United Kingdom]

2008. The Transfer of Risk under the UN Sales Convention (CISG), in: Camilla B. Andersen / Ulrich G. Schroeter eds., Sharing International Law across National Boundaries: Festschrift for Albert H. Kritzer on the Occasion of his Eightieth Birthday, Wildy, Simmonds & Hill Publishing (2008) 77-105

BRIDGE, Michael G. [United Kingdom]

2008 / 2009. The Nature and Consequences of Avoidance of the Contract Under the United Nations Convention on the International Sale of Goods, 10 International Law Review of Wuhan University (2008-2009) 118-128

BRIDGE, Michael G. [United Kingdom]

2013. An Overview of the CISG and an Introduction to the Debate about the Future Convention, Villanova Law Review, vol. 58, no. 4 (2013) 487-490 available online at <http://lawweb2009.law.villanova.edu/lawreview/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/VLR401.pdf>

BRÖDERMANN, Eckart

2007. The Practice of Excluding the CISG: Time for a Change?, Comment on the limited use of the CISG in private practice (and on why this will increasingly change), presentation at the Modern Law for Global Commerce: Congress to Celebrate the Fortieth Annual Season of UNCITRAL (9-12 July 2007), available online at <http://www.uncitral.org/pdf/english/congress/Broedermann-rev.pdf>

BROWER, Charles N. / SHARPE, Jeremy K. [U.S.]

2004. The Creeping Codification of Transnational Commercial Law: An Arbitrator's Perspective, 45 Virginia Journal of International Law (Fall 2004) 199-221

BUDICK, Tobias [Germany]

2005. Die Untersuchungs- und Rügepflicht im UN-Kaufrecht (Elektronische Ressource) [ - in German], Diplomarbeit Nürtingen-Geislingen (19 July 2005); available online at <http://www.bsz-bw.de/fh-nuertingen/volltexte/2005/309/pdf/Diplomarbeit.pdf> 113 p.

BUND, Jennifer M. [U.S.]

1998. Force Majeure Clauses: Drafting Advice for the CISG Practitioner, 17 Journal of Law and Commerce (1998) 381-413

BURCHIANTI LOPEZ, Jamie

2006. Case commentary: Decision of Camara Nacional de Aplaciones en lo Comercial de Buenos Aires of 24 April 2000

BURMAN, Harold S. [U.S.]

1998. Building on the CISG: International Commercial Law Developments and Trends for the 2000's, 17 Journal of Law and Commerce (1998) 355-364

BUSSANI, Mauro / MATTEI, Ugo

1998. The Common Core Approach to European Private Law, 3 Columbia Journal of European Law (1998) 339 et seq.; <http://www.jus.unitn.it/cardozo/Common.core/Insearch.html>

BUTLER, Allison E. [United States]

2002. Interpretation of "place of business": Comparison between provisions of the CISG (Article 10) and counterpart provisions of the Principles of European Contract Law, 6 Vindobona Journal of International Commercial Law (2002-2) 275-280

BUTLER, Allison E. [U.S.]

2003. "Informality Principle: Comparative Analysis of Article 11 CISG and Article 2:101(2) of the Principles of European Contract Law

BUTLER, Allison E. [U.S.]

2004. "Place of Business": Comparison between Provisions of the CISG (Article 10) and Counterpart Provisions of the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts (August 2004)

BUTLER, Allison E. [U.S.]

2004. Limitation of Remedies Due to Failure of Performance Caused by Other Party: Comparison Between Provisions of the CISG (Article 80) and Counterpart Provisions of the Principles of European Contract Law (August 2004)

BUTLER, Allison E. [U.S.]

2006. Contracts for the International Sale of Goods in China, International Litigation Quarterly, Volume 21, No. 3 (Spring/Summer 2006) 3-7

BUTLER, Allison E. [U.S.]

2007. A Practitioner's Guide to CISG Litigation, New York: Aspen (2007) [looseleaf text]

BUTLER, Petra

2005. Celebrating Anniversaries, Victoria University of Wellington Law Review (2005/4) 775-780 [introduction to symposium on the CISG]

BUTLER, Petra

2005. The Doctrines of Parol Evidence Rule and Consideration: A Deterrence to the Common Law Lawyer?, presentation at UNCITRAL - SIAC seminar on Celebrating Success: 25 Years United Nations Convention on the International Sale of Goods, Singapore (22 September 2005) 13 p.

BUTLER, Petra

2011. The Use of the CISG in Domestic Law, [papers from Uniform Sales Law: the CISG at its 30th Anniversary, a conference in memory of Albert H. Kritzer, 12-13 November 2010, Belgrade] The Annals of the Faculty of Law in Belgrade - Belgrade Law Review, Year LIX (2011) no. 3 pp. 7-27

BUYDAERT, Michiel

2014. The Passing of Risk in the International Sale of Goods: A comparison between the CISG and the INCOTERMS (2014)

CABRERA ORJUELA, Maria Clara / GALÁN BARRERA, Diego Ricardo [Colombia]

2001. Commentarios a la Ley 518 del 4 de Agosto de 1999, Aprobatoria de la Convencion de las Naciones Unidas sobre los Contratos de Compraventa Internacional de Mercaderias [ - in Spanish], 50+ p.

CAFAGGI, F.

2012. CESL and Pre-contractual Liability: from a Status to a Transaction-based Approach. Conference on European Sales Law. A Law and Economics Perspective (2012) University of Chicago Conference Paper available online at <http://www.law.uchicago.edu/events/europeancontractlaw>

ÇALIŞKAN, Yusuf

2014. Uluslararası Satım Hukukunda Kanunlar İhtilafı Meseleleri [The Conflict of Law Problems in International Sales Law - in Turkish] , Beta, İstanbul (January 2014) available on line at <http://www.betayayincilik.com/images/uploads/57ae05e9-7f06-459b-bfd6-18516d340165.pdf>

CALLAGHAN, James J.

1995. U.N. Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods: Examining the Gap-Filling Role of CISG [commenting on CA Grenoble 16 June 1993 and ICC award No. 7153/1992] in: 14 Journal of Law and Commerce (1995) 183-201

CARLSEN, Anja [Denmark]

1998. Can the Hardship Provisions in the UNIDROIT Principles Be Applied When the CISG is the Governing Law?, Pace essay (June 1998) 13 p.

CARLSEN, Anja [Denmark]

2002. Practices and usages: Remarks on the manner in which the Principles of European Contract Law may be used to interpret or supplement Article 9 CISG

CARRARA, Cecila [Italy] / KUCKENBURG, Joachim [Germany]

2003. Remarks on the manner in which the Principles of European Contract law may be used to interpret or supplement Article 17 of the CISG

CARRARA, Cecila [Italy] / KUCKENBURG, Joachim [Germany]

2003. Remarks on the manner in which the Principles of European Contract Law may be used to interpret or supplement Article 18 of the CISG

CARTER, John W. [Australia]

1993. Party Autonomy and Statutory Regulation: Sale of Goods [Commentary on rights of termination and rejection: Impact of CISG on Australian, English and Canadian law], 6 Journal of Contract Law, North Ryde NSW, Australia (1993) 93-122

CARTER, John W. [Australia]

1999. Article 2B: International Perspectives [Software transactions], 14 Journal of Contract Law, 1&2 (March 1999) 54-71.

CARUSO, Daniela

1995. Note a margine al convegno: The Common Core of European Private Law [ - in Italian], Trento, 6-8 Iuglio 1995 <http://www.jus.unitn.it/cardozo/Common.core/Caruso-1995/europe.htm>

CASTELLANI, Luca G.

2009. Promoting the Adoption of the CISG, 13 Vindobona Journal of International Commercial Law and Arbitration (2009) 241-248

CASTELLANI, Luca G.

2010. CISG-Brazil interview with UNCITRAL Legal Officer Luca Castellani (April 2010)

CASTELLANI, Luca G.

2011. The Contribution of UNCITRAL to the Harmonization of International Sale of Goods Law besides the CISG, [papers from Uniform Sales Law: the CISG at its 30th Anniversary, a conference in memory of Albert H. Kritzer, 12-13 November 2010, Belgrade] The Annals of the Faculty of Law in Belgrade - Belgrade Law Review, Year LIX (2011) no. 3 pp. 28-38

CASTELLANI, Luca G.

2013. An Assessment of the Convention on the Limitation Period in the the International Sale of Goods Through Case Law, Villanova Law Review, vol. 58, no. 4 (2013) 645-660 available online at <http://lawweb2009.law.villanova.edu/lawreview/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/VLR410.pdf>

CASTELLANI, Luca G.

2013. The Adoption of the CISG in Portugal: Benefits and Perspectives, Revista electrónica de direito (Porto, Portugal) (2 October 2013) available on line at <http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=4&ved=0CEoQFjAD&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.cije.up.pt%2Fdownload-file%2F1202&ei=lkN6U7eVF6_LsATXk4LgAw&usg=AFQjCNF68RSSUmvhSWNHVUzHOYs7cBB0UQ&sig2=4b6RZ-4chMMyiaVr7bRjHQ&bvm=bv.66917471,d.cWc>

CASTRONOVO, Carlo [Italy]

1995. I "Principi di diritto europeo dei contratti" e l'idea di codice [Principles of European Contract Law. Parts I and II. Short introduction and articles in Italian], Rivista di diritto commercial, n. 1 (1995) 21-38. Available on the Internet courtesy of the PECL website of the European Commission <http://www.cbs.dk/departments/law/staff/ol/commission_on_ecl/literature.htm>

CASTRONOVO, Carlo [Italy]

1997. Contract and the idea of codification in the Principles of European Contract Law, in: Festkrift til Ole Lando, Copenhagen (1997) 109-124. Available on the Internet courtesy of the PECL website of the European Commission <http://www.cbs.dk/departments/law/staff/ol/commission_on_ecl/literature.htm>

CASTRONOVO, Carlo [Italy]

1999. Il contratto e l'idea di codificazione nei Principi di diritto europeo dei contratti [Contract and the idea of codification in the PECL - in Italian], in: Materiali e commenti sul nujovo diritto dei contratti (a cura di G. Vettori), Padova (1999) 854-872. Available on the Internet courtesy of the PECL website of the European Commission <http://www.cbs.dk/departments/law/staff/ol/commission_on_ecl/literature.htm>

CASTRONOVO, Carlo [Italy]

2000. I Principi di diritto europeo dei contratti e il codice civile europeo [ - in Italian], in: Vita notarile (2000) 1, 1193-1199 Available on the Internet courtesy of the PECL website of the European Commission <http://www.cbs.dk/departments/law/staff/ol/commission_on_ecl/literature.htm>

CASTRONOVO, Carlo [Italy]

2006. Common Frame of Reference: Conciliation or Clash?, 11 Juridica International, Tartu, Estonia (2006) 25-29, available online at <http://www.juridicainternational.eu/index/2006/vol-xi/common-frame-of-reference-conciliation-or-clash>

CEHHOVÁ, Jana

2011. Význam výhrady podle clánku 95 pro aplikaci Úmluvy OSN o smlouvách o mezinárodní koupi zboží [The Importance of the Article 95 Declaration for the Application of the CISG (1980) - in Czech] Brno, Czech Republic, s.n. (2011) 75 p. Thesis (diploma) - Masarykova univerzita (2011) available online at <http://is.muni.cz/th/209783/pravf_m>

CERQUEIRA, Gustavo Vieira da Costa [Brazil]

2005. Defective Performance in Contracts for International Sale of Goods: A comparative analysis between the Brazilian Law and the 1980 United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (May 2005) 54 p.

CHAN, Leng Sun [Singapore]

2005. The CISG: Aspirations and Framework, presentation at UNCITRAL - SIAC seminar on Celebrating Success: 25 Years United Nations Convention on the International Sale of Goods, Singapore (22 September 2005) 10 p.

CHAN, Leng Sun [Singapore]

2005. Interpreting an International Sale Contract, presentation at UNCITRAL - SIAC seminar on Celebrating Success: 25 Years United Nations Convention on the International Sale of Goods, Singapore (22 September 2005) 16 p.

CHANDRASENAN, Anukarshan

2007. UNIDROIT Principles to Interpret and Supplement the CISG: An Analysis of the Gap-Filling Role of the UNIDROIT Principles, 11 Vindobona Journal of International Commercial Law and Arbitration (2007/1) 65-80

CHANENSON, Steven L. / GOTANDA, John Y. [U.S.]

2004. The Foggy Road for Evaluating Punitive Damages: Lifting the Haze from the BMW/State Farm Guideposts, 37 University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform (Winter 2004) 441-492 [pdf file]

CHARTERS, Andrea L. [U.S.]

2004. Growth of the CISG with Changing Contract Technology: "Writing" in Light of the UNIDROIT Principles and CISG-Advisory Council Opinion no. 1 (October 2004)

CHARTERS, Andrea L. [U.S.]

2004. Specifications and the Contractual Relationship: Article 65 of the CISG in Light of PECL Article 7:105 (November 2004)

CHARTERS, Andrea L. [U.S.]

2005. Fitting the "Situation": the CISG and the Regulated Market, 4 Washington University Global Studies Law Review (2005) 1-42

CHEN, Bin [China]

2008 / 2009. Case Studies on the Application of the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts, 10 International Law Review of Wuhan University (2008-2009) 235-266

CHEN Weizu [China]

2008. The Conflict of Laws in the context of the CISG: A Chinese perspective, 20 Pace International Law Review (Spring 2008) 115-123

CHENG, Bin

1987. General Principles of Law as Applied by International Courts and Tribunals, reprinted Cambridge (1987) [available on the Internet courtesy of CENTRAL Transnational Law Database (TLDB)]

CHRISTIANSEN, Lisbeth Bach

2005. CISG - What risks does it involve to seller and how does he secure against them? A practical guide, Thesis, University of Capetown (2005), online at <http://lawspace.law.uct.ac.za:8080/dspace/bitstream/2165/261/1/ChristiansenL_2005.pdf>

CHUAH, Jason

2010. Impact of Islamic Law on Commercial Sale Contracts – A Private International Law Dimension in Europe, European Journal of Commercial Contract Law (2010–4) 191-204

CHUERBOONCHAI, Tithiphan [Thailand]

2005. International Sales Law: CISG and Thailand, presentation at UNCITRAL - SIAC seminar on Celebrating Success: 25 Years United Nations Convention on the International Sale of Goods, Singapore (22 September 2005) 6 p.

CISG-ADVISORY COUNCIL: Declaration no. 1

2012.The CISG and Regional Harmonization, Rapporteur: Professor Michael Bridge, London School of Economics, London, United Kingdom. Adopted by the CISG-AC following its 16th meeting, in Wellington, New Zealand (3 August 2012)

CISG-ADVISORY COUNCIL: Declaration no. 2

2013. Use of Reservations under the CISG, Rapporteur: Professor Dr. Ulrich G. Schroeter, University of Mannheim, Germany. Adopted by the CISG-AC following its 18th meeting, in Beijing, China (21 October 2013)

CISG-ADVISORY COUNCIL: Opinion no. 1

2003. CISG-AC Opinion no. 1, Electronic Communications under CISG (15 August 2003). Rapporteur: Professor Christina Ramberg, Gothenburg, Sweden. Opinion unanimously adopted by the CISG-AC: Peter Schlechtriem (Chair); Eric E. Bergsten, Michael Joachim Bonell, Alejandro M. Garro, Roy M. Goode, Sergei N. Lebedev, Pilar Perales Viscasillas, Jan Ramberg, Ingeborg Schwenzer, Hiroo Sono, Claude Witz (Members); Loukas A. Mistelis (Secretary).

- For an Introduction to the CISG-AC [ - in English], see Mistelis, Loukas A., "CISG-AC Publishes First Opinion" (2003)

- For an Introduction to the CISG-AC [ - in German], see Herber, Rolf, "Eine neue Institution: Der CISG Advisory Council, Internationales Handelsrecht, vol. 3 (September / October 2003) 201-202

- For the text of the first opinion of the CISG-AC and an Introduction to the CISG-AC [ - in Spanish], see Garro, Alejandro A. / Perales Viscasillas, Pilar, "Comunicaciones Electrónicas en la Convención de Viena de 1980 sobre Compraventa Internacional de Mercaderías (CNUCCIM): Primera opinion del Consejo Consultivo de la CNUCCIM (CISG-AC)", RCE núm 44 (2003) 39-56

CISG-ADVISORY COUNCIL: Opinion no. 2

2004. CISG-AC Opinion no. 2, Examination of the Goods and Notice of Non-Conformity – Articles 38 and 39 (7 June 2004). Rapporteur: Professor Emeritus Eric E. Bergsten, Pace University School of Law. Opinion unanimously adopted by the CISG-AC: Peter Schlechtriem (Chair); Eric E. Bergsten, Michael Joachim Bonell, Alejandro M. Garro, Roy M. Goode, Sergei N. Lebedev, Pilar Perales Viscasillas, Jan Ramberg, Ingeborg Schwenzer, Hiroo Sono, Claude Witz (Members); Loukas A. Mistelis (Secretary)

CISG-ADVISORY COUNCIL: Opinion no. 3

2004. CISG-AC Opinion no. 3, Parol Evidence Rule, Plain Meaning Rule, Contractual Merger Clauses and the CISG (23 October 2004). Rapporteur Professor Richard Hyland, Rutgers Law School, Camden, NJ, USA. Opinion unanimously adopted by the CISG-AC: Peter Schlechtriem (Chair); Eric E. Bergsten, Michael Joachim Bonell, Alejandro M. Garro, Roy M. Goode, Sergei N. Lebedev, Pilar Perales Viscasillas, Jan Ramberg, Ingeborg Schwenzer, Hiroo Sono, Claude Witz (Members); Loukas A. Mistelis (Secretary)

CISG-ADVISORY COUNCIL: Opinion no. 4

2004. CISG-AC Opinion no. 4, Contracts for the Sale of Goods to Be Manufactured or Produced and Mixed Contracts (Article 3 CISG) (24 October 2004). Rapporteur: Professor Pilar Perales Viscasillas, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Opinion unanimously adopted by the CISG-AC: Peter Schlechtriem (Chair); Eric E. Bergsten, Michael Joachim Bonell, Alejandro M. Garro, Roy M. Goode, Sergei N. Lebedev, Pilar Perales Viscasillas, Jan Ramberg, Ingeborg Schwenzer, Hiroo Sono, Claude Witz (Members); Loukas A. Mistelis (Secretary)

CISG-ADVISORY COUNCIL: Opinion no. 5

2005. The Buyer's Right to Avoid the Contract in Case of Non-conforming Goods or Documents (7 May 2005). Rapporteur: Professor Ingeborg Schwenzer, University of Basel. Opinion unanimously adopted by the CISG-AC: Jan Ramberg (Chair); Eric E. Bergsten, Michael Joachim Bonell, Alejandro M. Garro, Roy M. Goode, Sergei N. Lebedev, Pilar Perales Viscasillas, Peter Schlechtriem, Ingeborg Schwenzer, Hiroo Sono, Claude Witz (Members); Loukas A. Mistelis (Secretary)

CISG-ADVISORY COUNCIL: Opinion no. 6

2006. Calculation of Damages under CISG Article 74 (Spring 2006). Rapporteur: Professor John Y. Gotanda. Opinion unanimously adopted by the CISG-AC: Jan Ramberg (Chair), Eric E. Bergsten, Michael Joachim Bonell, Alejandro M. Garro, Roy M. Goode, John Y. Gotanda, Sergei N. Lebedev, Pilar Perales Viscasillas, Peter Schlechtriem, Ingeborg Schwenzer, Hiroo Sono, Claude Witz (Members); Loukas A. Mistelis (Secretary)

CISG ADVISORY COUNCIL: Opinion no. 7

2007. CISG-AC Opinion no. 7, Exemption of Liability for Damages Under Article 79 of the CISG (12 October 2007). Rapporteur: Professor Alejandro M. Garro, Columbia University School of Law. Opinion unanimously adopted by the CISG-AC: Jan Ramberg (Chair), Eric E. Bergsten, Michael Joachim Bonell, Alejandro M. Garro, Roy M. Goode, John Y. Gotanda, Sergei N. Lebedev, Pilar Perales Viscasillas, Ingeborg Schwenzer, Hiroo Sono, Claude Witz (Members); Loukas A. Mistelis (Secretary)

CISG-ADVISORY COUNCIL: Opinion no. 8

2008. Calculation of Damages under CISG Articles 75 and 76 (15 November 2008). Rapporteur: Professor John Y. Gotanda. Opinion unanimously adopted by the CISG-AC: Eric E. Bergsten (Chair); Michael Joachim Bonell, Michael G. Bridge, Alejandro M. Garro, Roy M. Goode, John Y. Gotanda, Sergei N. Lebedev, Pilar Perales Viscasillas, Jan Ramberg, Ingeborg Schwenzer, Hiroo Sono, Claude Witz (Members); Sieg Eiselen (Secretary)

CISG-ADVISORY COUNCIL: Opinion no. 9

2008. Consequences of Avoidance of the Contract (15 November 2008). Rapporteur: Professor Michael G. Bridge. Opinion unanimously adopted by the CISG-AC: Eric E. Bergsten (Chair); Michael Joachim Bonell, Michael G. Bridge, Alejandro M. Garro, Roy M. Goode, John Y. Gotanda, Sergei N. Lebedev, Pilar Perales Viscasillas, Jan Ramberg, Ingeborg Schwenzer, Hiroo Sono, Claude Witz (Members); Sieg Eiselen (Secretary)

CISG-ADVISORY COUNCIL: Opinion no. 10

2012. Agreed Sums Payable upon Breach of an Obligation in CISG Contracts, Rapporteur: Dr. Pascal Hachem, Bär & Karrer AG, Zurich, Switzerland. Adopted by the CISG-AC following its 16th meeting in Wellington, New Zealand (3 August 2012)

CISG-ADVISORY COUNCIL: Opinion no. 11

2012. Issues Raised by Documents under the CISG Focusing on the Buyer's Payment Duty, Rapporteur: Professor Martin Davies, Tulane University Law School, New Orleans, U.S.A. Adopted by the CISG-AC following its 16th meeting, in Wellington, New Zealand (3 August 2012)

CISG-ADVISORY COUNCIL: Opinion no. 12

2013. Liability of the Seller for Damages Arising Out of Personal Injuries and Property Damage Caused by Goods and Services under the CISG, Rapporteur: Professor Hiroo Sono, School of Law, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan. Adopted by the CISG Advisory Council following its 17th meeting, in Villanova, Pennsylvania, USA (20 January 2013)

CISG-ADVISORY COUNCIL: Opinion no. 13

2013. Inclusion of Standard Terms under the CISG, Rapporteur: Professor Sieg Eiselen, College of Law, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa. Adopted by the CISG Advisory Council following its 17th meeting, in Villanova, Pennsylvania, USA (20 January 2013)

CISG-ADVISORY COUNCIL: Opinion no. 15

2013. Reservations under Articles 95 and 96 CISG, Rapporteur: Professor Doctor Ulrich G. Schroeter, University of Mannheim, Germany. Adopted by the CISG Advisory Council following its 18th meeting, in Beijing, China (21 and 22 October 2013)

CISGVN

2011. Các nuớc với CISG: Buc tranh nhieu màu sac [CISG (1980) Countries: a Colorful Picture - in Vietnamese] CISGVN (Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam) 3 November (2011) available online at <http://cisgvn.wordpress.com/2010/11/03>

CISGVN

2011. Doanh nghiệp và chuyên gia Việt Nam với Công uớc Viên [Vietnamese Businesses and the CISG (1980) - in Vietnamese] CISGVN (Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam) 1 November 2011 available online at <http://cisgvn.wordpress.com/2010/11/01>

CISGVN

2011. Nhung lợi ích của việc Việt Nam gia nhập CISG [The Benefits of Viet Nam's Accession to the CISG (1980) - in Vietnamese] CISGVN (Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam) 1 November 2011 available online at <http://cisgvn.wordpress.com/2010/11/01>

CISGVN

2011. So sánh CISG và Luật Việt Nam [Comparing the CISG (1980) and the Law of Viet Nam - in Vietnamese] CISGVN (Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam) 1 November 2011 available online at <http://cisgvn.wordpress.com/2010/11/01>

CISGVN

2011. Thành công của CISG [The Success of the CISG (1980) CISG - in Vietnamese] CISGVN (Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam) 1 November 2011 available online at <http://cisgvn.wordpress.com/2010/11/01>

CLIVE, Eric [United Kingdom]

2008. European Initiatives (CFR) and Reform of Civil Law in New Member States: Differences between the Draft Common Frame of Reference and the Principles of European Contract Law, 14 Juridica International, Tartu, Estonia (2008) 18-26, available online at <http://www.juridicainternational.eu/index/2008/vol-xiv/european-initiatives-cfr-and-reform-of-civil-law-in-new-member-states-differences-between-the-draft-common-frame-of-reference-and-the-principles-of-european-contract-law>

CLIVE, E.M.

2012. Switzerland Proposes Guture Work by UNCITRAL on International Contract Law, European Private Law News (Edinburgh, U.K.) (2012) available online at <http://www.law.ed.ac.uk/epln/blogentry.aspx?blogentryref=8935>

COETZEE, Juana

2013. The Interplay Between Incoterms and the CISG, 32 Journal of Law and Commerce (Pittsburgh, Pa.) (2013) 1-21 available on line at <http://jlc.law.pitt.edu/ojs/index.php/jlc/article/view/39/60>

COETZEE, Juana / de GAMA, Mustaqueem [South Africa]

2006. Harmonisation of Sales Law: An International and Regional Perspective, 10 Vindobona Journal of International Commercial Law and Arbitration (1/2006) 15-26

COETZEE, Juana [South Africa]

2007. Securing the Future of Electronic Sales in the Context of International Sales, 11 Vindobona Journal of International Commercial Law and Arbitration (1/2007) 11-24

COHEN, Kathryn S. [U.S.]

2005. Achieving a Uniform Law Governing International Sales: Conforming the Damages Provisions of the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods and the Uniform Commercial Code, 26 University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Economic Law (Fall 2005) 601-622

COKINOS, Gregory M. [U.S.]

1999. Consequential and Similar Damage Claims and Application of the Economic Loss Rule, 12th Annual Construction Law Conference, Dallas, Texas (25-26 February 1999) <http://www.constlaw.org/papers/cokinos.html>

COLLIGAN, Arthur B., Jr. [U.S.]

2002. Applying the General Principles of the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods to Fill the Article 78 Interest Rate Gap in Zapata Hermanos, S.A. v. Hearthside Baking Co. Inc., 6 Vindobona Journal of International Commercial Law & Arbitration (2002) 40-56

COLOMA, German

2008. Damages for Breach of Contract, Impossibility of Performance and Legal Enforceability, 4 Review of Law & Economics: Issue 1, article 5, available online at <http://www.bepress.com/rle/vol4/iss1/art5>

COMMERCIAL LAW BLOG

2010. The CISG and the Vis International Moot: Twin Ideas for Effective Lawyering in a Globalized World, Juridynamics Network (8 February 2010), available online at <http://ucclaw.blogspot.com/2010/02/cisg-and-vis-international-moot-twin.html>

COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES

2001. Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament: On European Contract Law, Brussels (11 July 2001) COM (2001) 398 final, 57p. <http://www.europa.eu.int/comm/consumers/policy/developments/contract_law/cont_law_02_en.pdf>

COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES

2003. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council: A More Coherent European Contract Law: An Action Plan, Brussels (12 February 2003) COM (2003) 68 final, 55p. <http://europa.eu.int/comm/consumers/policy/developments/contract_law/com_2003_68_en.pdf>

COMMISSION ON EUROPEAN CONTRACT LAW

1997. The Principles of European Contract Law (unofficial preview of the provisional complete and revised version), see the website ( http://www.ufsia.ac.be/~estorme/PECL2en.html)] [for further information on the Commission and its work, see the CECL-website ( http://www.ufsia.ac.be/~estorme/CECL.html)]

CONCI, Paolo E.

2007. Applicable Law Provisions in International Uniform Commercial Law Conventions, LL.M. thesis, University of Georgia School of Law, Paper 76 (2007) 117 p., available at <http://digitalcommons.law.uga.edu/stu_llm/76>

CONETTI, Georgio [Italy]

1986. Uniform Substantive and Conflict Rules on the International Sale of Goods and Their Interaction, in: Sarcevic / Volken ed., International Sale of Goods: Dubrovnik Lectures, Oceana (1986) 385-399

CONFERENCES, CONGRESSES, COLLOQUIA, SEMINARS, SYMPOSIA

2000. CISG online 20 years conference, produced by Oleg Semenov, editor of www.cisg.ru [an Internet website on the CISG featuring materials in Russian and German]. Conference participants, each of whom authored a brief essay: Honsell, Magnus, Muranov, Piltz, Rudolph, Schlechtriem, Siehr, Stadler, Stofel, Westermann, Witz/Schneider; see http://www.20jahre.cisg-library.org/inhalt.html for table of contents to presentations

COOK, V. Susan [U.S.]

1988. The Need for Uniform Interpretation of the 1980 United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, 50 University of Pittsburgh Law Review (1988) 197-226

COOK, V. Susanne [U.S.]

1997. The U.N. Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods: A Mandate to Abandon Legal Ethnocentricity, 16 Journal of Law & Commerce (1997) 257-263 [includes a review of the U.S. Circuit Court ruling in Delchi v. Rotorex 6 December 1995]

COOK, V. Susanne [U.S.]

1998. CISG: From the Perspective of the Practitioner, 17 Journal of Law and Commerce (1998) 343-353

CORDES, Albrecht

2003. The search for a medieval Lex mercatoria, (2003) Oxford University Comparative Law Forum 5 at <http://ouclf.iuscomp.org/articles/cordes.shtml>

CORTERIER, André [Germany]

2000. A New Approach to Solving the Interest Rate Problem of Art. 78 CISG, 5 International Trade and Business Law Annual, University of Queensland, Australia (2000) 33-42

CORTERIER, André [Germany]

2004. Interest in Uniform Application - How to Solve the UN Sales Law's Interest Rate Problem Under Article 78 CISG and Article 84 CISG, Review of the Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (2002-2003) 1-18

CORTERIER, André [Germany]

2006. Commentary on Article 78 CISG, in: André Corterier ed., ccisg.org.online commentary (April 2006). Go to <http://www.ccisg.org> and click Article 78 link.

COSTA, Judith M. [Brazil]

1996. Os Princípios informadores do contrato de compra e venda internacional na Convenção de Viena de 1980 [International sales contracts: Basic rules of the CISG - in Portuguese], in: Revista de Informaçao Legislativa (1995) 155 et seq. = Contratos Internacionais e Direito Econômico no Mercosul, Sâo Paulo: Editora LTr [Legislaçáo Trabalhista] (1996) 163-187

COX, Trevor [U.S.]

2000. Chaos versus uniformity: The Divergent Views of Software in the International Community, 4 Vindobona Journal (2000) 3-29; see also [2000] Business Law International 359 [International law; Software on a disk: Applicability of the CISG/Limitations on the applicability of the CISG; Electronic software: EU law/EU member states; United States and UCITA: International relevance of UCITA]

CRAWFORD, B. Blair [U.S.]

1988. Drafting Considerations Under the 1980 United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, 8 Journal of Law and Commerce (1988) 187-205

CROSS, Karen Halverson

2007. Parol Evidence Under the CISG: The "Homeward Trend" Reconsidered, 68 Ohio State Law Journal (2007) 133-160. Available at SSRN <http://ssrn.com/abstract=917904> [full text may be downloaded]

CSERNE, Peter [Hungary]

2009. Policy Considerations in Contract Interpretation: The contra proferentem rule from a comparative law and economics perspective, in: Gavvaa Radjola ed., Contract Theory - Corporate Law, Hyderabad: ICFAI University Press (2009) 66-104, available at <http://works.bepress.com/peter_cserne/28>

CUNIBERTI, Gilles

2006. Is the CISG Benefiting Anybody?, 39 Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law (November 2006) 1511-1550. Available at SSRN <http://ssrn.com/abstract=1045121> [full text may be downloaded]

CURRAN, Vivian Grosswald [U.S.]

1996. The Interpretive Challenge to Uniformity [Book Review: Claude Witz, Les premières applications jurisprudentielles du droit uniforme de la vente international], 15 Journal of Law and Commerce (1996) 175-199 [a detailed English summary of a 175 page French text on CISG case law]

CURRAN, Vivian Grosswald [U.S.]

1997. Cross-reference and Editorial Analysis of CISG Article 40, CISG W3 Database, Pace University School of Law (http://www.cisg.law.pace.edu) June 1997, pp. 1-5

CURRAN, Vivian Grosswald [U.S.]

1997. Cross-reference and Editorial Analysis of CISG Article 46, CISG W3 Database, Pace University School of Law (http://www.cisg.law.pace.edu) June 1997, pp. 1-10

CURRAN, Virginia Grosswald [U.S.]

1999. The CISG, the European Court of Justice and the Search for Legal Uniformity, in: European Union Studies Association (EUSA), Biennial Conference, 6th (2-5 June 1999) 27 p., link to pdf text available online at <http://aei.pitt.edu/2251> [contains helpful comparison of common law and civil law approaches]

CVETKOVIC, Predrag [Yugoslavia]

2002. Criteria for an offer: Remarks on the manner in which the Principles of European Contract Law may be used to interpret or supplement Article 14 CISG

D'AGOSTINO, J. / SMITH, H.

2011. Mixing and Matching Arbitration Rules in Mainland China: The Pros and Cons of Using the UNCITRAL Rules in CIETAC Arbitration, Kluwer arbitration blog (2011) <http://kluwerarbitrationblog.com/blog/2011/03/15/mixing-and-matching-arbitration-rules-in-mainland-china-%e2%80%93-the-pros-and-cons-of-using-the-uncitral-rules-in-cietac-arbitration-2/>

DALHUISEN, Jan H.

2007. The Uniform International Sales Law, in: Dalhuisen on International Commercial, Financial and Trade Law, Hart Publishing (2007) 400-330

DARKEY, Joanne M. [U.S.]

1995. A U.S. Court's Interpretation of Damage Provisions Under the UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods: A Preliminary Step Towards an International Jurisprudence of CISG or a Missed Opportunity? [Commentary on Delchi v. Rotorex (U.S. District Court 9 September 1994)], 15 Journal of Law and Commerce (1995) 139-152

DASSER, Felix [Switzerland]

1988. Internationale Schiedsgerichte und lex mercatoria [International arbitral tribunals and the lex mercatoria - in German], Thesis Zürich: Schulthess. Schweizer Studien zum Internationalen Rect, Vol 59 (1989) 408 p. [excerpt available on the Internet courtesy of CENTRAL Transnational Law Database (TLDG)]

DATE-BAH, Samuel K. [Ghana]

1987. Comments on Article 26 CISG [Notice of Avoidance], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 222-225

DATE-BAH, Samuel K. [Ghana]

1987. Comments on Article 27 CISG ["Dispatch" Principle], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 232-231

DATE-BAH, Samuel K. [Ghana]

1987. Comments on Article 29 CISG [Modification of Contract], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 240-244

DATE-BAH, Samuel K. [Ghana]

1987. Comments on Article 41 CISG [Third Party Claims in general], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 316-318

DATE-BAH, Samuel K. [Ghana]

1987. Comments on Article 42 CISG [Intellectual Property], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 319-321

DAVID, René [France]

1968. The Methods of Unification, 16 American Journal of Comparative Law (1968) 13-27

DAVIDSON, Matthew T. [U.S.]

2002. The Lex Mercatoria in Transnational Arbitration: An Analytical Survey of the 2001 Kluwer International Arbitration Database (8 May 2002)

DAVIES, Martin

2011. Documents that Satisfy the Requirements of CISG Art. 58, [papers from Uniform Sales Law: the CISG at its 30th Anniversary, a conference in memory of Albert H. Kritzer, 12-13 November 2010, Belgrade] The Annals of the Faculty of Law in Belgrade - Belgrade Law Review, Year LIX (2011) no. 3 pp. 39-66

DAWWAS, Amin

2010. Alteration of the Contractual Equilibrium Under the UNIDROIT Principles, Pace Int’l L. Rev. (Dec. 2010) at 1, Online Companion available at <http://digitalcommons.pace.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1020&context=pilronline&sei-redir=1&referer=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.googlesyndicatedsearch.com%2Fu%2FpaceEdu%3Fq%3Dcommentasry%2Bon%2Bunidriot%2Bprin#search=%22commentasry%20unidriot%20prin%22>

DeFLORIAN, Louisa Antoniolli

2002. Consumer Protection, Fair Dealing in Marketing Contracts and European Contract Law - A Uniform Law?, Global Jurist Frontiers, Vol. 2, No. 2, Article 4 (2002) <http://www.bepress.com/gj/frontiers/vol2/iss2/art4>

DEL DUCA, Louis F. / DEL DUCA, Patrick [U.S.]

1995-1996. Practice under the Convention on International Sale of Goods (CISG): A Primer for Attorneys and International Traders (Part I), in: 27 Uniform Commercial Code Law Journal (1995) 331-370; (Part II), in: 29 Uniform Commercial Code Law Journal (1996) 99-167

DEL DUCA, Louis F. / DEL DUCA, Patrick [U.S.]

2001. Selected Topics Under the Convention on Inernational Sale of Goods (CISG), 106 Dickinson Law Review (Summer 2001) 205-253

DEL DUCA, Louis F. [U.S.]

2005 - 2006. Implementation of Contract Formation, Statute of Frauds, Parol Evidence, and Battle of Forms CISG Provisions in Civil and Common Law Countries, at: Conference Celebrating the 25th Anniversary of United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods sponsored by UNCITRAL and the Vienna International Arbitration Centre (Vienna: 15-18 March 2005), 25 Journal of Law and Commerce, Issue No. 1 (Fall 2005 / Spring 2006) 133-146

DEL DUCA, Louis F. / KRITZER, Albert H. / NAGEL, Daniel

2008. Achieving Optimal Use of Harmonization Techniques in an Increasingly Interrelated Twenty-First Century World. Consumer Sales: Moving the EU Harmonization Process to a Global Plane, 41 Uniform Commercial Code Law Journal (2008) 51-65

DE LY, Filip J.M. [Netherlands]

2005. Sources of International Sales Law: An Eclectic Model, presentation at UNCITRAL - SIAC seminar on Celebrating Success: 25 Years United Nations Convention on the International Sale of Goods, Singapore (22 September 2005) 8 p.

DE LY, Filip J.M. [Netherlands]

2005 - 2006. Sources of International Sales Law: An Electic Model, at: Conference Celebrating the 25th Anniversary of United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods sponsored by UNCITRAL and the Vienna International Arbitration Centre (Vienna: 15-18 March 2005), 25 Journal of Law and Commerce, Issue No. 1 (Fall 2005 / Spring 2006) 1-12

DERAINS, Yves [France]

1987. L'Obligation de Minimiser le Dommage dans la Jurisprudence Arbitral [The obligation to mitigate damages in arbitration awards - in French], Revue de droit et affaires internationales (1987) 375-382 [available on the Internet courtesy of CENTRAL Transnational Law Database (TLDB)]

DHOLAKIA, Shishir [India]

2005. Ratifying the CISG: India's Options, presentation at UNCITRAL - SIAC seminar on Celebrating Success: 25 Years United Nations Convention on the International Sale of Goods, Singapore (22 September 2005) 7 p.

DIEDERICHSEN, Eva

1994. [commenting on OLG Frankfurt/M 18 Jan. 1994] in: 14 Journal of Law and Commerce (1995) 177-181

DIEDRICH, Frank [Germany]

1996. Maintaining Uniformity in International Uniform Law via Autonomous Interpretation: Software Contracts and the CISG, 8 Pace International L. Rev. (1996) 303-338

DIEDRICH, Frank [Germany]

2002. The CISG and Computer Software Revisited, 6 Vindobona Journal of International Commercial Law and Arbitration, Supplement (2002) 55-275

DIENER, Keith William [U.S.]

2008. Recovering Attorneys'Fees under CISG: An Interpretation of Article 74, Nordic Journal of Commercial Law, Issue 2008 #1 (4 December 2008) 65 p. <http://www.njcl.utu.fi/1_2008/article3.pdf>

DiMATTEO, Larry A. [U.S.]

1997. The Counterpoise of Contract: The Reasonable Person Standard and the Subjectivity of Judgment, 48 South Carolina Law Review (1997) 293-355

DiMATTEO, Larry A. [U.S.]

1997. An International Contract Law Formula: The Informality of International Business Transactions Plus the Internationalization of Contract Law Equals Unexpected Contract Liability, 23 Syracuse Journal of International Law and Commerce (1997) 67-111

DiMATTEO, Larry A. [U.S.]

1997. The CISG and the Presumption of Enforceability: Unintended Contractual Liability in International Business Dealings, 22 Yale Journal of International Law (1997) 111-170

Di MATTEO, Larry A. [U.S.]

2002. Contract Talk: Reviewing the Historical and Practical Significance of the Principles of European Law, 43 Harvard International Law Journal (2002) 569-581

Di MATTEO, Larry A. [U.S.]

2011. Critical Issues in the Formation of Contracts under the CISG, [papers from Uniform Sales Law: the CISG at its 30th Anniversary, a conference in memory of Albert H. Kritzer, 12-13 November 2010, Belgrade] The Annals of the Faculty of Law in Belgrade - Belgrade Law Review, Year LIX (2011) no. 3 pp. 67-83

DiMATTEO, Larry A. [U.S.]

2013. Soft Law and the Principle of Fair and Equitable Decisionmaking in International Contract Arbitration, 1(2) The Chinese Journal of Comparative Law (2013) pp. 1-35

DiMATTEO, Larry A. [U.S.]

2013. CISG as Basis of a Comprehensive International Sales Law, Villanova Law Review, vol. 58, no. 4 (2013) 691-722 available online at <http://lawweb2009.law.villanova.edu/lawreview/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/VLR413.pdf>

DiMATTEO, Larry A. / DHOOGE, Lucien / GREENE, Stephanie / MAURER. Virginia / PAGNATTARO, Marisa [U.S.]

2004. The Interpretive Turn in International Sales Law: An Analysis of Fifteen Years of CISG Jurisprudence, 24 Northwestern Journal of International Law and Business (Winter 2004) 299-440

DING, Ding [China]

1999. China and CISG, in: Michael R. Will ed., CISG and China: Theory and Practice, Faculté de droit, Université de Genève (1999) 25-37

DIPALMA, Maryellen

1999. Nachfrist under National Law, the CISG, and the UNIDROIT Principles, International Contract Adviser (Kluwer) Vol. V, No. 1 (Winter 1999) 28-38

DIPLOMATIC CONFERENCE see: VIENNA DIPLOMATIC CONFERENCE 1980: Full text; see also: VIENNA DIPLOMATIC CONFERENCE 1980: Selected colloquies

DISCHLIEVA, Biljana [Bulgaria]

1999. Erste Entscheidungen zum UN-Kaufrecht aus Bulgarien [The first rulings on the CISG from Bulgaria - in German], in: Michael R. Will ed., Rudolf Meyer zum Abschied: Dialog Deutschland-Schweiz VII, Faculté de droit, Université de Genève (1999) 185-207

DIXON, David B. [U.S.]

2006 / 2007. Que Lastima Zapada! Bad CISG Ruling on Attorneys' Fees Still Haunts U.S. Courts, 38 University of Miami Inter-American Law Review (Winter 2006-2007) 405-429

DJINOVIC, Marko / RIZNIK, Peter [Slovenia]

2009. Mednarodna projaja blaga, Konvencija Zdruzenih narodov o pogodbah o mednarodni prodaji blaga [International Sale of Goods, United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods - in Slovenian], Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Slovenia, Ljubljana (December 2009) 216 p.

DJORDJEVIC, Milena [Serbia]

2010. Mexican Revolution 'in CISG Jurisprudence and Case Law: Attorney's Fees As (Non) Loss Recoverable for Breach of Contract, in: M. Vasiljevic, R. Kulms, T. Josipovic, M. Stanivuković (eds.), Private Law Reform in South East Europe, Liber Amicorum Christa Jessel-Holst, Belgrade (2010) 551-570, available online at <http://www.harmonius.org/sr/publikacije/clanci/milena_djordjevic/Private_Law_Reform_
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>

DO, MINH ÁNH

2011. [The Issue of Amending the Concept of International Sale of Goods in the Commercial Law for Acceding to the CISG (1980) - in Vietnamese] Tạp chí Luật học (Viet Nam) vol. 9 (2011) 3-9 available online at <http://luathoc.vnweblogs.com/post/19665/333789>

DODGE, William S. [U.S.]

2000. Teaching the CISG in Contracts, 50 Journal of Legal Education (March 2000) 72-94

Reviewed by Joseph LOOKOFSKY in: AALS "chat-room" dialogue (September 2000)

DOLGANOVA, Iulia / BOFF LORENZEN, Marcelo [Brazil]

2008. The Brazilian Adhesion to the 1980 UN Vienna Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (December 2008). See also 13 Vindobona Journal of International Commercial Law and Arbitration (2/2009) 351-372

DOLZHICH, Alexander [Russia]

____. Otdelnii voprosy zakluchenia dogovora kupli-prodashi po Venskoi Konvenzii1980 [ - in Russian], available online at <http://25.cisg.info/content/publikation.php?id=3>

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2012. Конвенција УН о уговорима о међународној продаји робе у српском праву и пракси: искуства и перспективе [CISG (1980) in Serbian law and practice: current status and perspectives - in Serbian], Annals of the Faculty of Law in Belgrade – Belgrade Law Review (Belgrade) vol. 2 (2012) 256-275 available online at <http://anali.ius.bg.ac.rs/A2012-2/Anali%202012-2%20str.%20256-275.pdf>

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1982. A Comparison of the Non-Substantive Provisions of the UNCITRAL Convention on the International Sale of Goods and the Uniform Commercial Code, 23 Harv. Int'l L.J. (1982) 49-67 = Hancock (ed.), Guide to the International Sale of Goods Convention, Chesterland, Ohio: Business Laws (1988) 104.01-104.17

DOUGLAS, James [Australia]

2006. Arbitration of International Sale of Goods Disputes under the Vienna Convention, paper delivered at the Institute of Arbitrators and Mediators Australia National Conference 2006

DOUGLAS, James [Australia]

2006. Exploring the Recent Uncertainty Surrounding the Implied Duty of Good Faith in Australian Contract Law: The Duty to Act Reasonably - Its Existence, Ambit and Operation, paper delivered at the LexisNexis Contract Law Master Class (24 August 2006)

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2002. Be Explicit: Drafting Choice of Law Clauses in International Sale of Goods Contracts, Metropolitan Corporate Counsel (May 2002) p. 9

DRETTMANN, Anne-Katherin

2009. Would English law on trade usages benefit from adopting a more formal approach such as seen in other jurisdictions as well as in international conventions?, Thesis, University of the West of England (August 2009)

DROBNIG, Ulrich [Germany]

1986. General Principles of European Contract Law, in: Sarcevic / Volken ed., International Sale of Goods: Dubrovnik Lectures, Oceana (1986) 305-332

DROBNIG, Ulrich [Germany]

1992. Substantive Validity, 40 American Journal of Comparative Law (1992) 635-644

DROBNIG, Ulrich [Germany]

2001. Unified Private Law for the European Market, 106 Dickinson Law Review (Summer 2001) 101-110

DROBNIG, Ulrich [Germany]

2001 / 2002. Unified Private Law for the European Internal Market, 106 Dickinson Law Review (2002-2002) 101-110

DRUZIN, Bryan H.

2009. Law without the State: The theory of high engagement and the emergence of spontaneous legal order within commercial systems, ExpressO (2009) 75 p., available at <http://works.bepress.com/bryan_druzin/3>

DUHL, Gregory M.

2012. International Sale of Goods, Social science research network (June 12, 2012) available online at <http://ssrn.com/abstract=2083276> [full text may be downloaded]

DUNCAN, John C. Jr. [U.S.]

2000. Nachfrist was ist? Thinking Globally and Acting Locally: Considering Time Extension Principles of the U.N Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods in Revising the Uniform Commercial Code, Brigham Young University Law Review (2000) 1363-1411

EHLERS, Andreas

2013. Establishing a Uniform Interpretation of the CISG: A Case Study of Article 74, Nordic Journal of Commercial Law (Turku, Finland) no. 2 (2013) available online at <http://www.njcl.utu.fi/2_2013/ehlers_andreas.pdf>

EISELEN, Siegfried [South Africa]

1999. Adoption of the Vienna Convention for the International Sale of Goods (The CISG) in South Africa, 116 South African Law Journal (1999) 323-370

EISELEN, Siegfried [South Africa]

1999. Electronic Commerce and the UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG), 5 EDI Law Review (1999) 21-46

EISELEN, Siegfried [South Africa]

2001. A Comparison of the Remedies for Breach of Contract under the CISG and South African Law, in: Basedow et al. ed., Aufbruch nach Europa - 75 jahre Max-Planck-Institut für Privatrecht, Mohr Siebeck: Tübingen (2001)

EISELEN, Siegfried [South Africa]

2002. E-commerce and the CISG: Formalities and Validity, 6 Vindobona Journal of International Commercial Law & Arbitration (2002) 305-318

EISELEN, Siegfried [South Africa]

2002. Modification or termination of contract: Remarks on the manner in which the Principles of European Contract Law may be used to interpret or supplement Article 29 CISG

EISELEN, Siegfried [South Africa]

2002. Modification or termination of contract: Remarks on the manner in which the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts may be used to interpret or supplement Article 29 CISG

EISELEN, Siegfried [South Africa]

2002. Suspension of performance / Avoidance prior to date for performance: Remarks on the manner in which the Principles of European Contract Law may be used to interpret or supplement Articles 71, 72 CISG

EISELEN, Siegfried [South Africa]

2002. Suspension of performance /Avoidance prior to date for performance: Remarks on the manner in which the UNIDROIT Principles may be used to interpret or supplement Articles 71, 72 CISG

EISELEN, Siegfried [South Africa]

2004. General rules for measuring damages: Remarks on the manner in which the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts may be used to interpret or supplement Article 74 CISG

EISELEN, Siegfried [South Africa]

2004. Remarks on the manner in which the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts may be used to interpret or supplement Article 78 CISG (September 2004)

EISELEN, Siegfried [South Africa]

2005. Unresolved damages issues of the CISG: A comparative analysis, 38 Comparative and International Law Journal of Southern Africa (2005/1) 32-46

EISELEN, Siegfried [South Africa]

2005 - 2006. Proving the Quantum of Damages, at: Conference Celebrating the 25th Anniversary of United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods sponsored by UNCITRAL and the Vienna International Arbitration Centre (Vienna: 15-18 March 2005), 25 Journal of Law and Commerce, Issue No. 1 (Fall 2005 / Spring 2006) 375-383

EISELEN, Siegfried [South Africa]

2007. Adopting the Vienna Sales Convention: Reflections Eight Years down the Line, 19 SA Mercantile Law Journal (2007) 14-24

EISELEN, Siegfried [South Africa]

2007. The UNECIC International Trade in the Digital Era, Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal (2007/2) 1-49, available at <http://www.nwu.ac.za/p-per/2007volume10no2.html>

EISELEN, Siegfried [South Africa]

2008. The Purpose, Scope and Underlying Principles of the UNECIC, in: Camilla B. Andersen / Ulrich G. Schroeter eds., Sharing International Commercial Law across National Borders: Festschrift for Albert H. Kritzer on the Occasion of his Eightieth Birthday, Wildy, Simmonds & Hill Publishing (March 2008) 106-133

EISELEN, Siegfried [South Africa]

2008 / 2009. The CISG and Electronic Issues, 10 International Law Review of Wuhan University (2008-2009) 128-155

EISELEN, Siegfried [South Africa]

2010. Commentary on Hardship and the CISG, available online as Editorial analysis of the decision of the Belgian Supreme Court in the 19 June 2009 case of Scafom International BV v. Lorraine Tubes S.A.S.

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2000. Identification of errors in authentic Arab text of CISG [ - in Arabic and English], CISG-Middle East database, " http://www.cisg.law.pace.edu/cisgarabic/index.html"

EL-SAGHIR, Hossam [Egypt]

2000. Fundamental breach: Remarks on the manner in which the Principles of European Contract Law may be used to interpret or supplement Article 25 CISG

EL SAGHIR, Hossam [Egypt]

2008. The Interpretation of the CISG in the Arab World, in: Janssen / Meyer, eds., CISG Methodology, Selier: Munich (2008)

ENDERLEIN, Fritz [Germany]

1980. Problems of the Unification of Sales Law from the Standpoint of the Socialist Countries, in: Problems of Unification of International Sales Law, Working papers submitted to the Colloquium of the International Association of Legal Science, Potsdam: August 1979, Oceana Publications (1980) 26-38

ENDERLEIN, Fritz [Germany]

1986. Rights and Obligations of the Seller under the UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, in: Sarcevic / Volken ed., International Sale of Goods: Dubrovnik Lectures, Oceana (1986) 133-201

ENDERLEIN, Fritz [Germany]

1988. Uniform Law and its Application by Judges and Arbitrators, in: UNIDROIT ed., International Uniform Law in Practice / Le droit uniforme international dans la pratique [Acts and Proceedings of the 3rd Congress on Private Law held by the International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (Rome 7-10 September 1987), New York: Oceana (1988) 329-353

ENDERLEIN, Fritz [Germany]

1997. Vienna Convention and Eastern European Lawyers, IBA Section on Business Law, International Sales Quarterly (June 1997) 12-14

ENDERLEIN, Fritz / MASKOW, Dietrich [Germany]

1992. International Sales Law: United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods; Convention on the Limitation Period in the International Sale of Goods, Oceana (1992) 480 p.

EÖRSI, Gyula [Hungary]

1975. The Validity of Clauses Excluding or Limiting Liability, 23 American Journal of Comparative Law (1975) 215-235

EÖRSI, Gyula [Hungary]

1979. Problems of Unifying Law on the Formation of Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, 27 American Journal of Comparative Law (1979) 311-323

EÖRSI, Gyula [Hungary]

1983. A Propos the 1980 Vienna Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, 31 American Journal of Comparative Law (1983) 333-356

EÖRSI, Gyula [Hungary]

1984. General Provisions, in Nina M. Galston & Hans Smit eds., International Sales: The United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, Matthew Bender (1984) Ch. 2, pp. 1-34

EÖRSI, Gyula [Hungary]

1987. Comments on Article 14 CISG [Offer], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 132-144

EÖRSI, Gyula [Hungary]

1987. Comments on Article 15 CISG [When Offer Becomes Effective], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 145-149

EÖRSI, Gyula [Hungary]

1987. Comments on Article 16 CISG [Revocability of Offer], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 150-160

EÖRSI, Gyula [Hungary]

1987. Comments on Article 17 CISG [Rejection of Offer], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 161-162

EÖRSI, Gyula [Hungary]

1987. Comments on Article 55 CISG [Open-Price Contracts], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 401-409

ERAUW, Johan [Belgium]

2005 - 2006. CISG Articles 66-70: The Risk of Loss and Passing It, at: Conference Celebrating the 25th Anniversary of United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods sponsored by UNCITRAL and the Vienna International Arbitration Centre (Vienna: 15-18 March 2005), 25 Journal of Law and Commerce, Issue No. 1 (Fall 2005 / Spring 2006) 203-217

ERDEM, Ercüment

2012. Viyana Satım Antlaşması’na Genel Bakış ve Maddi Uygulama Alanı [A General Overview of the CISG and its Material Scope of Application - in Turkish], in ŞIPKA/YILDIRIM (eds.) “Sales Contract under the New Turkish Code of Obligations and the CISG”, On İki Levha Publishing, Istanbul (2012) pp. 117 et seq.

ERGUN, Cagdas Evrim [Turkey]

2002. A Comparative Study on the Buyer's Remedies Under the 1980 Vienna Sales Convention and Turkish Sales Law (September 2002)

van ERP, Sjef [Netherlands]

2000. Editorial - Ius Commune: A European Civil Code, vol. 4.4 Electronic Journal of Comparative Law (December 2000) <http://www.ejcl.org/44/editor44.html>

ESSER, Josef [Germany]

1990. Grundsatz und Norm in der richterlichen Fortbildung des Privatrechts [Principles and norms in the development of private law - in German], 4th ed., Tübingen (1990) [excerpt available on the Internet courtesy of CENTRAL Transnational Law Database (TLDG)]

ESSER, Michael J. [Germany]

1988. Commercial Letters of Confirmation in International Trade: Austrian, French, German and Swiss Law and Uniform Law under the 1980 Sales Convention, 18 Georgia Journal of International and Comparative Law (1988) 427-460

ETIER, Guillaume / RAUDA, Christian

1999. Garantie en cas d'éviction et propríté intellectuelle dans la vente internationale [Warranty for intellectual property rights in the international sale of goods - in French], in: Michael R. Will ed., Rudolf Meyer zum Abschied: Dialog Deutschland-Schweiz VII, Faculté de droit, Université de Genève (1999) 113-144

For later, more comprehensive English text, go to RAUDA, Christain/ETIER, Guillaume

EVANS, Malcolm

1987. Comments on Preamble to Convention, in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 23-25

EVANS, Malcolm

1987. Comments on Article 89 CISG [Final Provisions: Depositary], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 633-635

EVANS, Malcolm

1987. Comments on Article 90 CISG [Final Provisions: Other International Agreements], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 636-638

EVANS, Malcolm

1987. Comments on Article 91 CISG [Final Provisions: Signature and Ratification], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 639-641

EVANS, Malcolm

1987. Comments on Article 92 CISG [Final Provisions: Exclusion of Part II or Part III], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 642-644

EVANS, Malcolm

1987. Comments on Article 93 CISG [Final Provisions: Federal States], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 645-649

EVANS, Malcolm

1987. Comments on Article 94 CISG [Final Provisions: Neighboring States], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 645-653

EVANS, Malcolm

1987. Comments on Article 95 CISG [Final Provisions: Declaration as to Art. 1(1)(b)], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 654-657

EVANS, Malcolm

1987. Comments on Article 97 CISG [Final Provisions: Effects of Declaration], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 661-663

EVANS, Malcolm

1987. Comments on Article 98 CISG [Final Provisions: Authorized Reservations], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 664-665

EVANS, Malcolm

1987. Comments on Article 99 CISG [Final Provisions: Entry into Force], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 666-671

EVANS, Malcolm

1987. Comments on Article 100 CISG [Final Provisions: Temporal Applicability], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 672-674

EVANS, Malcolm

1987. Comments on Article 101 CISG [Final Provisions: Denunciation], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 675-676

EVANS, Malcolm

1987. Comments on Testimonium [Final Provisions: Authentic Text and Witness Clause], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 677-678

FAIRLIE, David [Australia]

2005. A Commentary on Issues Arising under Articles 1-6 of the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, presentation at UNCITRAL - SIAC seminar on Celebrating Success: 25 Years United Nations Convention on the International Sale of Goods, Singapore (22 September 2005) 11 p.

FARNSWORTH, E. Allan [U.S.]

1979. Damages and Specific Relief, 27 American Journal of Comparative Law (1979) 247-253

FARNSWORTH, E. Allan [U.S.]

1984. Unification of Sales Law: Usage and Course of Dealing, in: Unification and Comparative Law in Theory and Practice: Liber amicorum Jean Georges Sauveplanne, Deventer: Kluwer Law and Taxation (1984) 81-89 [available on the Internet courtesy of CENTRAL Transnational Law Database (TLDB]

FARNSWORTH, E. Allan [U.S.]

1984. Formation of Contract, in Nina M. Galston & Hans Smit eds., International Sales: The United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, Matthew Bender (1984) Ch. 8, pp. 1-15

FARNSWORTH, E. Allan [U.S.]

1987. Comments on Article 8 CISG [Interpretation of Contract], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 95-102

FARNSWORTH, E. Allan [U.S.]

1987. Comments on Article 18 CISG [Acceptance of Offer], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 163-174

FARNSWORTH, E. Allan [U.S.]

1987. Comments on Article 19 CISG [Modified Acceptance of Offer], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 175-184

FARNSWORTH, E. Allan [U.S.]

1987. Comments on Article 20 CISG [Time Fixed for Acceptance of Offer], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 185-188

FARNSWORTH, E. Allan [U.S.]

1987. Comments on Article 21 CISG [Late Acceptance of Offer], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 189-194

FARNSWORTH, E. Allan [U.S.]

1987. Comments on Article 22 CISG [Withdrawal of Acceptance of Offer], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 195-197

FARNSWORTH, E. Allan [U.S.]

1987. Comments on Article 23 CISG [Time of Conclusion of Contract], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 198-200

FARNSWORTH, E. Allan [U.S.]

1987. Comments on Article 24 CISG [Communication "reaches"], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 201-204

FARNSWORTH, E. Allan [U.S.]

1988. Review of Standard Forms or Terms Under the Vienna Convention, 21 Cornell Int'l L.J. (1988) 439-447

FARNSWORTH, E. Allan [U.S.]

1988. Uniform Law and Its Impact on Business Circles, in: UNIDROIT ed., International Uniform Law in Practice / Le droit uniforme international dans la pratique [Acts and Proceedings of the 3rd Congress on Private Law held by the International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (Rome 7-10 September 1987), New York: Oceana (1988) 547-552

FARNSWORTH, E. Allan [U.S.]

1993. The Concept of "Good Faith" in American Law, Centro di studi e ricerche di diritto comparato e straniero (Rome 1993), No. 10

FARNSWORTH, E. Allan [U.S.]

1995. Duties of Good Faith and Fair Dealing under the UNIDROIT Principles, Relevant International Conventions and National Laws, 3 Tulane Journal of International and Comparative Law (1995) 47-63 [available on the Internet courtesy of CENTRAL Transnational Law Database (TLDB)]

FARNSWORTH, E Allan [U.S.]

1997. An International Restatement: The UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts, 26 University of Baltimore Law Review (1997) 1-7

FARNSWORTH, E. Allan [U.S.]

1998. The American Provenance of the UNIDROIT Principles, 72 Tulane Law Review (June 1998) 1985-1994 = Uniform Law Review (1998-2/3) 397-404

FARNSWORTH, E. Allan [U.S.]

2002. The Interpretation of international contracts and the use of preambles, Revue de droit des affaires internationales / International business law journal (2002) No. 3-4, 271-279 [Barring Use of extrinsic evidence to add or modify; Entire agreement clauses and N-O-M clauses / Barring use of extrinsic evidence to interpret: Plain meaning rules]

FEBLES POZO, Nayiber

2013. La compraventa internacional: estudio necesario en el marco actual de las relaciones comerciales internacionales en Cuba [ - in Spanish], Âmbito jurídico (Rio Grande, Brazil) vol. 16, no. 119 (December 2013) available online at <http://www.ambitojuridico.com.br/site/?n_link=revista_artigos_leitura&artigo_id=13936&revista_caderno=7>

FEJÖS, Andrea [Serbia]

2006. Formation of Contracts in International Transactions: The Issue of Battle of the Forms under the CISG and the UCC [with reference to use of the UNIDROIT Principles and PECL as aids to interpreting the CISG], Thesis, Central European University, Budapest, Hungary (November 2006) 96 p.

FEJÖS, Andrea [Serbia]

2007. Battle of Forms under the Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG): A Uniform Solution?, 11 Vindobona Journal of International Commercial Law and Arbitration (1/2007) 113-129

FELEMEGAS, John [Australia]

2001. The United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods: Article 7 and Uniform Interpretation, Pace University Essay (February 2001) [also available at Pace Review of the Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, Kluwer Law International (2000-2001) 115-265]

FELEMEGAS, John [Australia]

2001. Comparative Editorial Remarks on the Concept of Good Faith in the CISG and the PECL, 13 Pace International Law Review (Fall 2001) 399-406

FELEMEGAS, John [Australia]

2002. Computation of time for acceptance of offer: Comparison between provisions of the CISG (Article 20) and counterpart provisions of the Principles of European Contract Law

FELEMEGAS, John [Australia]

2002. The [U.S. District Court] award of counsel fees under Article 74 CISG, in Zapata Hermanos Sucesores v. Hearthside Baking Co., 6 Vindobona Journal of International Commercial Law and Arbitration (2002) 30-39

FELEMEGAS, John [Australia]

2002. An Interpretation of Article 74 CISG by the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals (December 2002). See also 15 Pace International Law Review (Spring 2003) 91-147

FELEMEGAS, John [Australia]

2004. Comparison between provisions of the CISG (Article 20) and the counterpart provisions of the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts, UP Article 2.8 (August 2004)

FELEMEGAS, John [Australia]

2004. Comparison between provisions of the CISG regarding late acceptance (Article 21) and the counterpart provisions of the Principles of European Contract Law, PECL Article 2:207 (July 2004)

FELEMEGAS, John [Australia]

2004. Comparison between provisions of the CISG regarding withdrawal of acceptance (Article 22) and the counterpart provisions of the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts, UP Article 2.10 (August 2004)

FELEMEGAS, John. [Australia]

2004. Comparison between provisions of the CISG (Article 24) and the counterpart provisions of the UNIDROIT Principles, UP Article 1.9 (September 2004)

FELEMEGAS, John [Australia]

2005. Comparison between provisions of the CISG regarding late acceptance (Article 21) and the counterpart provisions of the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts (Article 2.9) (January 2005)

FELEMEGAS, John [Australia]

2005. Comparison between provisions of the CISG regarding time for payment (Article 58) and counterpart provisions of the PECL (Articles 7:102) and 7:104) (February 2005)

FELEMEGAS, John [Australia]

2005. Comparison between provisions of the CISG regarding the right to require specific performance (Articles 28, 46 and 62) and the counterpart provisions of the UNIDROIT Principles (Articles 7.2.1 - 7.2.5) (February 2005)

FELEMEGAS, John [Australia]

2007. Introduction, in: John Felemegas ed., An International Approach to the Interpretation of the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, Cambridge University Press (2007) 1-38

FERRARI, Franco [Italy]

1993. Comparative Ruminations on the Foreseeability of Damages Contract Law, 53 Louisiana Law Review (March 1993) 1257-1269

FERRARI, Franco [Italy]

1994. Uniform Interpretation of the 1980 Uniform Sales Law in: 24 Georgia Journal of International and Comparative Law (1994) 183-228

FERRARI, Franco [Italy]

1995. Specific Topics of the CISG in the Light of Doctrinal Writings and Judicial Applications [presentation to the Dutch Supreme Court (15 December 1995) on Sphere of Application, Notice of Non-Conformity, and Interest Provisions of the CISG - in English], in: 10 Preadvizen Uitgerracht Voor De Vereniging Vor Burgerlijk Recht 1 ff. (1995) 81-176; in: 15 Journal of Law and Commerce (1995) 1-126

FERRARI, Franco [Italy]

1995. Uniform Law of International Sales: Issues of Applicability and Private International Law, 15 Journal of Law and Commerce (1995) 159-174 [Comment on Tribunale di Monza 14 January 1993] [translation by A. Michelini 153-158]

FERRARI, Franco [Italy]

1995. Uniform Application and Interest Rates Under the 1980 Vienna Sales Convention, Cornell Review of the Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (1995) 3-19; see also 24 Georgia Journal of International and Comparative Law (1995) 467-483

FERRARI, Franco [Italy]

1996. Cross-reference editorial analysis of CISG Article 1, CISG W3 Database, Pace University School of Law (http://www.cisg.law.pace.edu), December 1996, pp. 1-9

FERRARI, Franco [Italy]

1996. The Relationship between the UCC and the CISG and the Construction of Uniform Law, 29 Loyola (Los Angeles) L. Rev. (1996) 1021-1033

FERRARI, Franco [Italy]

1997. Die Schuldübernahme als vom UN-Kaufrecht nicht geregelte Rechtsmaterie (Anmerkung zu OGH [Austria] 24.4.1997)/ Assumption of Debts as a Subject Matter Excluded from the UN Sales Convention (Commentary to OGH [Austria] 24 April 1997 [ - in German and English], Forum International (Heft 3/1997) 89-92/Forum International (Issue 3/1997) 90-93

FERRARI, Franco [Italy]

1998. Das Verhältnis zwischen den UNIDROIT-Grundsätzen und den allgemeinen Grundsätzen internationaler Einheitsprivatrechtkinvention. Zugleich ein Beitrag zur Lückenfüllung durch staatliche Gerichte [The Relationship between the UNIDROIT Principles and the General Principles of International Conventions Unifying Private Law - in German], 53 Juristen Zeitung (1998) 9-17 [available on the Internet courtesy of CENTRAL Transnational Law Database (TLDB)]

FERRARI, Franco [Italy]

1999. CISG Case Law: A New Challenge for Interpreters?, 17 Journal of Law and Commerce (1999) 245-261

FERRARI, Franco [Italy]

2000. Burden of Proof under the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods = Charge de law preuve dans la Convention des Nations Unies sur le contrat de vente internationale de marchandises (CVIM), Revue de droit des affaires internationales / International Business Law Journal, No. 5 (2000) 665-670 [also available at Pace Review of the Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, Kluwer Law International (2000-2001) 1-8]

FERRARI, Franco [Italy]

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1998. Measuring Commercial Damages via Lost Profits or Loss of Business Value: Are these Measures Redundant or Distinguishable?, 18 Journal of Law and Commerce (Fall 1998) 1-24 [Not a commentary on the CISG: a legal/economic commentary on "lost profits", a term also encountered in CISG Art. 74]

KOMAROV, Alexander [Russia]

2005 - 2006. Internationality, Uniformity and Observance of Good Faith as Criteria in Interpretation of CISG: Some Remarks on Article 7(1), at: Conference Celebrating the 25th Anniversary of United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods sponsored by UNCITRAL and the Vienna International Arbitration Centre (Vienna: 15-18 March 2005), 25 Journal of Law and Commerce, Issue No. 1 (Fall 2005 / Spring 2006) 75-85

KONERU, Phanesh

1997. The International Interpretation of the UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods: An Approach Based on General Principles, 6 Minnesota Journal of Global Trade (Winter 1997) 105-152 [includes consideration of: Freedom of contract; Good faith; Reasonableness; Restitution/reliance/expectation; Good faith; Validity; Open-price contracts; Liquidated damages/penalty clauses; Interest, rate/point of accrual; Payment, place/currency]

KORNET, Nicole

2012. The Common European Sales Law and the CISG: Complicating or Simplifying the Legal Environment? Maastricht European Private Law Institute (Maastricht, The Netherlands) working paper no. 2012/4 (March 2012) available online at <http://ssrn.com/abstract=2012310> [full text may be downloaded]

KORNET, Nicole

2013. The Interpretation and Fairness of Standardized Terms: Certainty and Predictability Under the CESL and the CISG Compared, in Competition in International Sales Law, 24 European Business Law Review (London) Special Journal Issue (3/2013) 319-339; see also Maastricht European Private Law Institute working paper (Maastricht, The Netherlands) (2013/8), available online at <http://ssrn.com/abstract=2316187>

KORPINEN, Ari [Finland]

2004. On legal uncertainty regarding timely notification of avoidance of the sales contract (June 2004)

KOSKINEN, Jussi [Finland]

1999. CISG, Specific Performance and Finnish Law, Publication of the Faculty of Law of the University of Turku: Private Law Publication Series B:47 (1999) [commentary includes comparatives with domestic laws of France, Germany, U.S. (UCC) and with UNIDROIT Principles and PECL]; see also University of Turku (Turku, Finland) (1999) 43 p. at <http://www.law.utu.fi/tiedostot/xcisg/koskinen.pdf>

KOSTRITSKY, Juliet P. [U.S.]

2006. Judicial Incorporation of Trade Usages: A Functional Solution to the Opportunism Problem, 39 Connec ticut Law Review (2/2006) 451-529, available at <http://works.bepress.com/juliet_kostritsky/5>

KOTRUSZ, Juraj [Slovak Republic]

2008. Gap-Filling of the CISG by the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts (December 2008) 44 p.; see also Uniform Law Review (2009) 119-164

KÖTZ, Hein / SCHÄFER, Hans-Bernd

2003. Judex oeconomicus - 12 höchtrichterliche Entscheidungen kommentiert aus ökonomischer Sicht [ - in German], German Working Papers in Law and Economics, Vol. 2003, Article 12 <http://www.bepress.com/gwp/default/vol2003/iss1/art12>

KOZIOL, Helmut

2005 - 2006. Reduction in Damages According to Article 77 CISG, at: Conference Celebrating the 25th Anniversary of United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods sponsored by UNCITRAL and the Vienna International Arbitration Centre (Vienna: 15-18 March 2005), 25 Journal of Law and Commerce, Issue No. 1 (Fall 2005 / Spring 2006) 395-391

KRAUS, Jody S. / SCOTT, Robert [U.S.]

2009. Contract Design and the Structure of Contractual Intent (June 2009), University of Virginia Legal Working Paper Series, University of Virginia John M. Olin Program in Law and Economics Working Paper Series, Working Paper 58 <http://law.bepress.com/uvalwps/olin/art58> 75 p. [forthcoming: 84 N.Y.U. L. Rev. (Oct 2009)]

KRITZER, Albert H. [U.S.]

1995/1997. The Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods: Scope, Interpretation and Resources, Cornell Review of the Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (1995) 147-207 = 9 International Quarterly (Business Laws Inc. April 1997) 203-253

KRITZER, Albert H. [U.S.]

1997. CISG: Pace University School of Law Internet World Wide Web Site Excerpt, 9 Pace International Law Review (1997) 187-222 [editorial remarks and other material included in case presentation of Delchi Carrier, S.p.A v. Rotorex Corp., 6 December 1995, U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals]

KRITZER, Albert H. [U.S.]

1999 / 2005. Roadmap to Incoterms, Albert H. Kritzer ed., adaptation of Roadmap prepared for International Contract Manual (Kluwer Law International), Contract Checklists volume, Suppl. 2 (February 1994), Chapter 5, p. 5 [Roadmap initially prepared with the help of Jack Scally, former President of the National Shippers Council]. See updated Roadmap to Incoterms (2000), revised by Allison E. Butler

KRITZER, Albert H. [U.S.]

2005. Comments on Raw Materials Inc., v. Manfred Forgberich, U.S. District Court [Illinois] 6 July 2004 (February 2005)

KRITZER, Albert H. [U.S.]

2008 / 2009. Celebrating and Researching the CISG: Progress in the Rule of Law in China, 10 International Law Review of Wuhan University (2008-2009) 129-137

KRITZER, Albert H. / BAUM, Axel H.

1994. Checklist on the CISG, in: Albert H. Kritzer ed., Guide to Practical Applications of the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods volume of International Contract Manual (Kluwer Law International)

KRITZER, Albert H. / MISTELIS, Loukas A.

2001. Taming the Dragons of Uniform Law: Sharing the reasoning of courts and arbitral tribunals - English case texts and translated case texts, 5 Vindobona Journal of International Commercial Law and Arbitration (2/2001) 282-309

KRÖLL, Stefan [Germany]

2005 - 2006. Selected Problems Concerning the CISG's Scope of Application, at: Conference Celebrating the 25th Anniversary of United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods sponsored by UNCITRAL and the Vienna International Arbitration Centre (Vienna: 15-18 March 2005), 25 Journal of Law and Commerce, Issue No. 1 (Fall 2005 / Spring 2006) 39-57

KRÖLL, Stefan

2011. The Burden of Proof for the Non-conformity of Goods Under Art. 35 CISG, [papers from Uniform Sales Law: the CISG at its 30th Anniversary, a conference in memory of Albert H. Kritzer, 12-13 November 2010, Belgrade] The Annals of the Faculty of Law in Belgrade - Belgrade Law Review, Year LIX (2011) no. 3 pp. 162-180

KRONKE, Herbert

2005 - 2006. The UN Sales Convention, the UNIDROIT Principles and the Way Beyond, at: Conference Celebrating the 25th Anniversary of United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods sponsored by UNCTRAL and the Vienna International Arbitration Centre (Vienna: 15-18 March 2005), 25 Journal of Law and Commerce, Issue No. 1 (Fall 2005 / Spring 2006) 451-465

KRÜGER, Kai [Norway]

1999. International sales under present Norwegian law [source: "Fra Kai Krüger: Norsk kjobsrett 4 utg 1999, Alma Mater Forlag/Fagbokforlaget 1999, © Kai Krüger text on sales law is written in English. As stated in his introduction to this chapter, "While the rest of this book is for Norwegian readers, this final chapter has a three-fold purpose. (1) It addresses itself to possible Anglo-American readers with a need to know about the basic rules and principles governing international sale transactions under the combined CISG 1980 and Norwegian law regime. (2) Secondly, it is aimed at Scandinavian readers with a need to appreciate recent developments within the area of international sale of goods law. (3) Thirdly, it is meant to provide some 'first aid' information on Norwegian consumer law to residents without or with modest knowledge of a Scandinavian language."]

KRÜGER, Kai [Norway]

1999. Financial force majeure: The extent of efforts which the seller must take to overcome impediments for performance in contracts for the sale of goods under Scandinavian law - remarks on the impact of CISG Art 79 [source: "Rättsvetenskapliga studier till minnet av Tore Almén" pp 239-273, Iustus Förlag, Stockholm (1999) © Kai Krüger 1999. A review of the common law historical approach, the continental position and the Scandinavian approach in the context of CISG art. 79 construed also under the lens of CISG art. 7(1).

KRUISINGA, Sonja A. [Netherlands]

2009. The Impact of Uniform Law on National Law: Limits and Possibilities - CISG and its Incidence in Dutch Law, 13.2 Electronic Journal of Comparative Law (May 2009) <http://www.ejcl.org/132/art132-2.pdf>

KÜHNE, Günther

1990. Promissory estoppel and culpa in contrahendo, 10 Tel Aviv University Studies in Law, Tel Aviv (1990) 279-296 [available on the Internet courtesy of CENTRAL Transnational Law Database (TLDB)]

KULL, Irene

2008. Reform of Contract Law in Estonia: Influences of Harmonisation of European Private Law, 14 Juridica International, Tartu, Estonia (2008) 122-129, available online at <http://www.juridicainternational.eu/index/2008/vol-xiv/reform-of-contract-law-in-estonia-influences-of-harmonisation-of-european-private-law>

KUOPPALA, Sanna [Finland]

2000. Examination of the Goods under the CISG and the Finnish Sale of Goods Act, Publication of the Faculty of Law of the University of Turku, Private Law Publication Series B:53 (2000) [Commentary on four related CISG provisions: Arts. 38, 39, 40, 44 and their counterparts in the Finnish Sale of Goods Act (FSGA). The FSGA, which was enacted subsequent to the CISG, tracks it to a certain extent. The author reviews doctrine and digests relevant cases (over forty such cases) and refers to the CISG case law (mostly German case law is cited) as, for the most part, more "seller friendly" in contrast to Finnish case law on the counterpart provisions, which is characterized as more "buyer friendly".]; see also University of Turku (Turku, Finland) (2000) 67 p. at <http://www.law.utu.fi/tiedostot/xcisg/kuoppala.pdf>

KUOPPALA, Sanna [Finland]

2009. The Application and Interpretation of the CISG in Finnish Case Law 1997-2005, Licentiate Thesis, University of Turku (April 2009) 168 p.

KUTTY, Faisal M.

2005. The Shari'a Factor in International Commercial Arbitration, Expresso Preprint Series. Working Paper 875 (4 December 2005), available at <http://law.bepress.com/expresso/eps/875>

LANDO, Henrik [Denmark]

2004. The Myth of Specific Performance in Civil Law Countries, American Law & Economics Association Annual Meetings, American Law & Economics Association, 14th Annual Meeting (28 April 2004), Working Paper 15 http://law.bepress.com/alea/14th/art15

LANDO, Ole [Denmark]

1987. Comments on Article 28 CISG [Specific Performance], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 232-239

LANDO, Ole [Denmark]

1987. Comments on Article 30 CISG [Seller's Obligations in general], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 245-248

LANDO, Ole [Denmark]

1987. Comments on Article 31 CISG [Place of Delivery], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 249-256

LANDO, Ole [Denmark]

1987. Comments on Article 32 CISG [Transportation Arrangements], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 257-260

LANDO, Ole [Denmark]

1987. Comments on Article 33 CISG [Time of Delivery], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 261-264

LANDO, Ole [Denmark]

1987. Comments on Article 34 CISG [Handing Over of Documents], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 265-267

LANDO, Ole [Denmark]

1996. Principles of International Contract Law [The common background; the contract law in Europe today; the future contract law], in: E.U.-Japan Legal Dialogue (Contracts), Kyoto, Japan (21-22 November 1996) http://www.kclc.or.jp/english/sympo/EUDialogue/lando.htm

LANDO, Ole [Denmark]

1998. The Common Core of European Private Law and the Principles of European Contract Law, 21 Hastings International and Comparative Law Review (1998) 809-823

LANDO, Ole [Denmark]

1999. Salient features of European contract law, in: Study of the systems of private law in the EU with regard to discrimination and the creation of a European Civil Code, European Parliament, Directorate General for Research, Working Paper, Legal Affairs Series JURI 103 EN (June 1999), Chapter I, 3-16

LANDO, Ole [Denmark]

1999. The rules of European contract law, in: Study of the systems of private law in the EU with regard to discrimination and the creation of a European Civil Code, European Parliament, Directorate General for Research, Working Paper, Legal Affairs Series JURI 103 EN (June 1999), Chapter III, 127-136

LANDO, Ole [Denmark]

2000. Some features of the law of contract in the third millennium, Scandinavian studies in law, Peter Wahlgren ed., Vol. 40: Legal Theory, Stockholm Institute for Scandinavian Law: Stockholm (2000) 343-402. Available on the Internet courtesy of the PECL website of the European Commission <http://www.cbs.dk/departments/law/staff/ol/commission_on_ecl/literature.htm>

LANDO, Ole [Denmark]

2001. Salient Features of the Principles of European Contract Law: A Comparison with the UCC, 13 Pace International Law Review (Fall 2001) 339-369

LANDO, Ole [Denmark]

2002. Principles of European Contract Law and Unidroit Principles: Similarities, Differences and Perspectives, Centro di studi e ricerche di diritto comparato e straniero: saggi, conferenze e seminari, No. 49 (Rome 2002) 1-13

LANDO, Ole [Denmark]

2003. Contract law in the EU: The Commission Action Plan and the Principles of European Contract Law (16 May 2003), available at <http://frontpage.cbs.dk/law/commission_on_european_contract_law/literature.htm#II.%20Literature%20available%20for%20dowmload>

LANDO, Ole [Denmark]

2003. The CISG and the UNIDROIT Principles in a Global Commercial Code: A merger of the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods and the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts, in: Mélanges offerts á Marcel Fontaine, Paris, Larcier (2003) 451-472, available online at <http://www.iue.it/LAW/ResearchTeaching/EuropeanPrivateLaw/Conferences/Lando_CISG.pdf#search=%22www.iue.it%2FLAW%2FResearchTeaching%2FEuropeanPrivateLaw%2FConferences%2Flando_CISG.pdf%22>

LANDO, Ole [Denmark]

2004. A Vision of a Future World Contract Law: Impact of European and UNIDROIT Contract Principles, 37 UCC Law Journal (Fall 2004) 3-46

LANDO, Ole [Denmark]

2005. CISG and its followers: A proposal to adopt some international principles of contract law, 53 American Journal of Contract Law (2005) 379-401

LANGEN, Eugen

1981. Transnational Recht [Transnational Law - in German], Heidelberg (1981) [excerpt available on the Internet courtesy of CENTRAL Transnational Law Database (TLDB)]

LANGROVÁ, Iveta

2011. Analýza aplikace Úmluvy OSN o smlouvách o mezinárodní koupi zboží s ohledem na mezinárodní prvek: praktické [Analysis of the CISG (1980) Scope of Application with Regards to the International Aspect: Practical Consequences - in Czech] Brno, Czech Republic, s.n. (2011) Thesis (bachelor's) 43 p. - Masaryk University (2011) available online at <http://is.muni.cz/th/344322/pravf_b>

LANSING, Paul / HAUSERMAN, Nancy R. [U.S.]

1980. A Comparison of the Uniform Commercial Code to UNCITRAL's Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, 6 North Carolina Journal of International Law and Commerce Regulation (1980) 63-80

LAUTENSCHLAGER, Felix [Germany]

2006 / 2007. Aktuelle Probleme bei der Auslegung von Willenerklärungen und Parteiverhalten bei Verträgen im Anwendungsbereich der CISG [ - in German], Humboldt Universität (6 September 2006). Also available in English as: Current Problems Regarding the Interpretation of Statements and Party Conduct under the CISG - the Reasonable Person, Language Problems and Standard Terms and Conditions, 11 Vindobona Journal of International Commercial Law and Arbitration (2/2007) 259-290

LAZIC, Vesna

2009. The Impact of Uniform Law on National Law: Limits and Possibilities - Commercial Arbitration in the Netherlands, 13.2 Electronic Journal of Comparative Law (May 2009) <http://www.ejcl.org/132/art132-3.pdf>

LEBEDEV, Sergei N. [Russia]

1983. Voprosy zakljutchenija dogovorov b Konventsii OON o dogovorakh mezhdunarodnoj kupli-prodazhi tovarov 1980 g. [Formation of Contracts under the CISG - in Russian], Moscow (April 1983) 15 p., available online at <http://25.cisg.info/content/publikation.php?id=2>

LEBEDYANSKIY, Kirill [Russian Federation]

2007. Comparative Analysis of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation and the CISG, 11 Vindobona Journal of International Commercial Law and Arbitration (1/2007) 39-52

LECLERC, Ginette

1992. La Bonne Foi dans l'Execution des Contrats [Good faith in the execution of contracts - in French], McGill Law Journal (1992) 1070-1086 [available on the Internet courtesy of CENTRAL Transnational Law Database (TLDB)]

LEE, Wanki W.

1990. Exemptions of Contract Liability Under the 1980 United Nations Convention, 8 Dickinson Journal of International Law (1990) 374-394

LEETE, Burt A.

1992. Contract Formation under the United Nations Convention for the International Sale of Goods and the Uniform Commercial Code: Pitfalls for the Unwary, 6 Temple International and Comparative Law Journal (1992) 193-215

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY see: VIENNA DIPLOMATIC CONFERENCE 1980: Full text; see also: VIENNA DIPLOMATIC CONFERENCE 1980: Selected colloquies

LEISINGER, Benjamin K.

2007. Fundamental Breach Considering Non-Conformity of the Goods (Special Circumstances): Commodities Trade, excerpt from Fundamental Breach Considering Non-Conformity of the Goods, Sellier European Law Publishers (2007) 115-140

LENDEN, Webb

2004. International BBB Ratings a la eBay: A Proposal for an Improved Online Better Business Bureau to Facilitate International Business Transactions, 35 California Western International Law Journal, No. 127 (2004), abstract and link to text available at <http://ssrn.com/abstract=1092453> [includes discussion of CISG as the UN's "default adjudicative recourse for international B2B disputes"

LESHEM, Shmuel / MILLER, Geoffrey P.

2009. All-or-Nothing versus Proportionate Damages (April 2009) University of Southern California Law and Economic Working Paper Series. Working Paper 90 <http://law.bepress.com/usclwps/lewps/art90> 35 p. + appendices

LESTRADE, Edward

2008. Trading with the USA and the UN Convention for the International Sale of Goods, European News Letter, Thomson/Reuters (July 2008), abstract and link to text available at <http://ssrn.com/abstract=1306204> [full text may be downloaded]

LEVI, Leone

1863. International Commercial Law: Being the Principles of Mercantile Law …, V. and R. Stevens, Sons and Haynes, 2d ed (1863), a 1154 page text on the lex mercatoria available online at <http://books.google.com/books?id=xukNAAAAYAAJ>

LEWIS, Donald J.

1988. The UN Convention for the International Sale of Goods: Implications for Hong Kong and China, in: Law Lectures for Practitioners 1988, Hong Kong Law Journal (1988) 243-253 available on line at <http://sunzi.lib.hku.hk/hkjo/view/14/1400117.pdf>

LEWIS, Meredith Kolsky

2005. Comments on Luke Nottage's Paper [delivered at New Zealand Seminar on 25th Anniversary of the CISG], Victoria University of Wellington Law Review (2005/4) 859-862

LEYENS, Patrick C.

2003. CISG and Mistake: Uniform Law vs. Domestic Law [The Interpretive Challenge of Mistake and the Validity Loophole] (October 2003); see also Review of Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (2003-2004) 3-51

LI Grace

2009. The PRC Contract Law and Its Unique Notion of Subrogation, 4 Journal of International Commercial Law and Technology (1/2009) 12-21

LILLEHOLT, Kare

2008. The Draft Common Frame of Reference and "Cancellation" of Contracts, 14 Juridica International, Tartu, Estonia (2008) 111-117, available online at <http://www.juridicainternational.eu/index/2008/vol-xiv/the-draft-common-frame-of-reference-and-cancellation-of-contracts>

LIMBACH, Francis/AHEARN, Brandon

2000. Conformity of goods, derogation from Article 40 by the parties and conditions of Art. 40 CISG: commentary on Arbitration Institute of the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce Arbitration award of June 5th, 1998

LINARELLI, John

2003. The Economics of Uniform Laws and Uniform Lawmaking, 48 Wayne Law Review (2003) 1387-1447. For text of this paper introduced by an abstract of its contents, click the "download" button of the Social Science Research Network Electronic Library at <http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=384180> [presentation includes case study exploration of why the United Kingdom, a major trading nation, has not ratified the CISG]

LINDSTRÖM, Niklas [Finland]

2006. Changed Circumstances and Hardship in the International Sale of Goods, Nordic Journal of Commercial Law (2006/1)

LINNE, Anna L.

2008. Burden of proof under article 35 CISG, 20 Pace International Law Review (Spring 2008) 31-42

LINZER, Peter [U.S.]

1998. Validity under Chapter 3 of the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts, in: Contratación internacional. Comentarios a los Principios sobre los Contratos Comerciales Internacionales del Unidroit, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México - Universidad Panamericana (1998) 81-93

LIU, Chengwei [China]

2003. Remedies for Non-performance: Perspectives from CISG, UNIDROIT Principles & PECL (September 2003) 362 p.

LIU, Chengwei [China]

2003. Recovery of Interest (November 2003) [includes analysis of 110 CISG cases]

LIU, Chengwei [China]

2004. Comparison of CISG Article 27 and counterpart notice provisions of the UNIDROIT Principles and PECL (May 2004). To cite a paginated pdf presentation of this commentary, go to the Nordic Journal of Commercial Law, issue 2004 #1 <http://www.njcl.fi> at <http://www.njcl.fi/1_2004/commentary4.pdf>

LIU, Chengwei [China]

2004. Comparison of CISG Article 45/61 remedial provisions and counterpart PECL Articles 8:101 and 8:102 (May 2004). To cite a paginated pdf presentation of this commentary, go to the Nordic Journal of Commercial Law, issue 2004 #1 <http://www.njcl.fi> at <http://www.njcl.fi/1_2004/commentary2.pdf>

LIU, Chengwei [China]

2004. Place of Performance: Comparative analysis of Articles 31 and 57 of the CISG and counterpart provisions in Article 7:101 of the PECL (November 2004)

LIU, Chengwei [China]

2005. Additional Period (Nachfrist) for Late Performance: Perspectives from the CISG, UNIDROIT Principles, PECL and Case Law (March 2005)]

LIU, Chengwei [China]

2005. Cure by Non-Conforming Party: Perspectives from the CISG, UNIDROIT Principles and PECL [2nd edition: Case annotated update (March 2005)]; see also Review of the Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) 2004-2005, Pace International Law Review, ed., Sellier. European Law Publishers (2006) 3-38

LIU, Chengwei [China]

2005. Price Reduction for Non-Conformity: Perspectives from the CISG, UNIDROIT Principles and PECL [2nd edition: Case annotated update (March 2005)]

LIU, Chengwei [China]

2005. Specific Performance: Perspectives from the CISG, UNIDROIT Principles and PECL [2nd edition: Case annotated update (March 2005)]

LIU, Chengwei [China]

2005. Force Majeure: Perspectives from the CISG, UNIDROIT Principles, PECL and Case Law [2nd edition: Case annotated update] (April 2005)

LIU, Chengwei [China]

2005. Changed Contract Circumstances [2nd edition: Case annotated update] (April 2005)

LIU, Chengwei [China]

2005. The Concept of Fundamental Breach: Perspectives from the CISG, UNIDROIT Principles and PECL, 2d edition, Case annotated update (May 2005)

LIU, Chengwei [China]

2005. Right to Avoidance (Termination): Perspectives from the CISG, UNIDROIT Principles and PECL, 2d edition, Case annotated update (May 2005)

LIU, Chengwei [China]

2005. Suspension or Avoidance Due to Anticipatory Breach: Perspectives from Articles 71 / 72 CISG, UNIDROIT Principles and PECL, 2d edition, Case annotated update (May 2005)

LIU, Chengwei [China]

2005. Declaration of Avoidance: Perspectives from the CISG, UNIDROIT Principles and PECL [2nd edition: Case annotated update (June 2005)

LIU, Chengwei [China]

2005. Avoidance in the Case of an Installment Contract: Perspectives from the CISG, UNIDROIT Principles and PECL [2nd edition: Case annotated update (June 2005)

LIU, Chengwei [China]

2005. Effects of Avoidance: Perspectives from the CISG, UNIDROIT Principles and PECL [2nd edition: Case annotated update (June 2005)

LOEWE, Roland [Austria]

1997. The Sphere of Application of the UN Sales Convention, Pace International Law Review, Vol. X (1998) 79-88

LOEWE, Roland [Austria]

2001. La Convention de Vienne sur la vente internationale de merchandises de 1980 [The 1980 Vienna Convention on the International Sale of Goods - in French], in: The Imprint of Continental Law on International Relations: The international codification movement (the method), presentation at International Meeting, Rome, Palazzo Aldobrandini (29-30 November 2001)

LOKEN, Keith

2013. A New Global Initiative on Contract Law in UNCITRAL: Right Project, Right Forum?, in: Norman J. Shachoy symposium: Assessing the CISG and Other International Endeavors to Unify International Contract Law: Has the Time Come for a New Global Initiative to Harmonize and Unify International Trade? Special journal issue, 58 Villanova Law Review (Villanova, Pa.) (2013) 509-520 available on line at <http://lawweb2009.law.villanova.edu/lawreview/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/VLR403.pdf>

LONGOBARDI, Laura E. [U.S.]

1985. Disclaimers of Implied Warranties: 1980 United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, 53 Fordham Law Review (1985) 863-887

LOOKOFSKY, Joseph M. [U.S./Denmark]

1983. Fault and No-Fault in Danish, American and International Sales Law: The Reception of the United Nations Sales Convention, 27 Scandinavian Studies in Law (1983) 109-138

LOOKOFSKY, Joseph M. [[U.S./Denmark]

1991. Loose Ends and Contorts in International Sales: Problems in the Harmonization of Private Law Rules, 39 American Journal of Comparative Law (1991) 403-416

LOOKOFSKY, Joseph M. [U.S./Denmark]

1996. Cross-reference editorial analysis of CISG Article 44, CISG W3 Database, Pace University School of Law (http://www.cisg.law.pace.edu), December 1996, 1-3

LOOKOFSKY, Joseph M. [U.S./Denmark]

1998.The Limits of Commercial Contract Freedom: Under the UNIDROIT "Restatement" and Danish Law, 46 American Journal of Comparative Law (1996) 485-508

LOOKOFSKY, Joseph M. [U.S./Denmark]

1999. Alive and Well in Scandinavia: CISG Part II [discussing Art. 92 reservation and commenting on 1998 Danish Court of Appeals decision], 18 Journal of Law and Commerce (1999) 289-299

LOOKOFSKY, Joseph M. [U.S./Denmark]

2000. The Harmonization of Private and Commercial Law: "Towards a European Civil Code", in: International Aspects, Stockholm Institute for Scandinavian Law (2000) 111-122

LOOKOFSKY, Joseph M. [U.S./Denmark]

2000. Remarks on Dodge, Teaching the CISG in Contracts (September 2000) [follow-up to AALS "chat-room" discussion]

LOOKOFSKY, Joseph M. [U.S./Denmark]

2000. The 1980 United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, in: J. Herbots ed. / R. Blanplain general ed., International Encyclopaedia of Laws - Contracts, Suppl. 29, Kluwer Law International (December 2000) 1-192

LOOKOFSKY, Joseph M. [U.S./Denmark]

2002. Comments on Zapata Hermanos v. Hearthside Baking [Attorneys fees: CISG article 74 damages vs. Domestic procedural rules], 6 Vindobona Journal of International Commercial Arbitration (2002) 27-29

LOOKOFSKY, Joseph M. [U.S./Denmark]

2002. Case note: Maritime and Trade Court of Denmark 31 January 2002

LOOKOFSKY, Joseph M. [U.S./Denmark]

2003. In dubio pro conventione? Some thoughts about opt-outs, computer programs and preemption under the 1980 Vienna Sales Convention CISG, 13 Duke Journal of Comparative and International Law (Summer 2003), available at <http://www.law.duke.edu/shell/cite.pl?13+Duke+J.+Comp.+&+Int'l+L.+0263>

LOOKOFSKY, Joseph M. [U.S./Denmark]

2004. CISG Case Commentary on Preemption in Geneva Pharmaceuticals and Stawski (April 2004); see also Review of the Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (2003-2004) 115-122

LOOKOFSKY, Joseph M. [U.S./Denmark]

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2011. How lucrative is international sales of goods act 1980?: CISG, why India should not opt for it, Legal services India (Greater Noida, India) (21 March 2011) available online at <http://legalservicesindia.com/article/article/how-lucrative-isinternational-sales-of-goods-act-1980-599-1.html>

PARISI, Francesco

2004. The Harmonization of Legal Warranties in European Sales Law: An Economic Analysis, 52 American Journal of Comparative Law (Spring 2004) 403-430

PARK, William W. [U.S.]

2005. The Nature of Arbitral Authority: A Comment on Lesotho Highlands, 21 Arbitration International (2005) 483-491

PATE, Robert Ashby

2009. The Future of Harmonization: Soft Law Instruments and the Principled Advance of International Lawmaking, ExpressO (2009) 23 p., available at <http://works.bepress.com/robert_pate/1>

PAULSSON, Jan

1990. La lex mercatoria dans l'arbitrage C.C.I. [Lex mercatoria in ICC arbitration - in French], Revue de l'arbitrage (1990) 55-100 [available on the Internet courtesy of CENTRAL Transnational Law Database (TLDB)]

PAULY, Clemens W.

2004. Is Avoidance under CISG a Powerful Remedy? Comparison of the CISG Remedy with Third-Party Rights, 23 p., available online at <http://www.langstadtpauly.com/site/uploads/CISG%20essay%20Pauly.pdf>

PATTISON, Patricia / HERRON, Daniel [U.S.]

2003. The Mountains Are High and the Emperor Is Far Awar: Sanctity of Contract in China, 40 American Business Law Journal (Spring 2003) 439-510

PAVIC, Vladimir / DJORDJEVIC, Milena [Serbia]

2009. Application of the CISG Before the Foreign Trade Court of Arbitration at the Serbian Chamber of Commerce -- Looking Back at the Latest 100 cases, 28 Journal of Law and Commerce (2009) 1-62

PEJOVIC, Caslov

2008. Stoppage in Transit and Right of Control: "Conflict of Rules? 20 Pace International Law Review (Spring 2008) 129-150

PEOPLES, Leo F. [U.S.]

2006. Strategies and Sources for International Legal Research, 66 Consumer Finance Law Quarterly Report (2/2006) 412-423, abstract and link to text available at <http://ssrn.com/abstract=779085> [full text may be downloaded]

PERALES VISCASILLAS, Mª del Pilar [Spain]

1995. La aceptación por silencio en la Convención de Viena de 1980 sobre compraventa internacional de mercaderías: primera aplicación jurisprudencial [Conclusion of a Contract by Silence under the 1980 Vienna Convention - in Spanish] [commenting on Filanto v. Chilewich, 789 F.Supp. 1229 (S.D.N.Y. 1992)], in: Derecho de los Negocios (Madrid) 6 (1995) No. 52, 9-14

PERALES VISCASILLAS, Mª del Pilar [Spain]

1995. Una aproximación al artículo 7 de la Convención de Viena de 1980 sobre Compraventa Internacional de Mercaderías (Aplicaciones concretas en la parte II de la Convención) [Comments on CISG article 7: Good faith -- as a principle of interpretation and behavior of the parties during the formation of the contract; in the context of article 16(2)(a) (irrevocability of the offer); and in the case of death or incapacity of one of the parties during the formation of the contract (discussion as to whether this is an issue that lies inside or outside the scope of the CISG) - in Spanish], in: Cuadernos de Derecho y Comercio (Madrid) No. 16 (April 1995) 55-88 [Awarded the first "Premio Cuadernos de Derecho y Comercio 1994 en su Categoría de Estudiantes"]

PERALES VISCASILLAS, Mª del Pilar [Spain]

1995. La información sobre la Convención de Viena de 1980 - compraventa internacional de mercaderías - aumenta. Una llamada a los operadores jurídicos españoles [a commentary calling attention to initiatives designed to share knowledge of the CISG: the CLOUT program of UNCITRAL; Unilex; Professor Will's bibliography and case citation compendiums; the Moot and Internet programs of the Pace University School of Law; etc. - in Spanish], 6 Derecho de los Negocios (diciembre 1995) No. 63, 15-22

PERALES VISCASILLAS, Mª del Pilar [Spain]

1996. La determinación del tipo de interés en la compraventa internacional [commentary on CISG Article 78: determination of rate of interest under the CISG; review of case law on this subject - in Spanish], Cuadernos Jurídicos, julio-agosto 1996, no. 43, 5-12

PERALES VISCASILLAS, Mª del Pilar [Spain]

1996. La batalla de los formularios en la Convención de Viena de 1980 sobre compraventa internacional de mercaderías: una comparación con la sección 2-207 UCC y los Principios de UNIDROIT [Battle of the Forms under the CISG: a comparison with Section 2-207 of the Uniform Commercial Code and Section 2.22 of the UNIDROIT Principles - in Spanish], La Ley, viernes 15 de noviembre de 1996, no. 4167, 1-12 [Awarded the first "Premio Nacional La Ley de articulos doctrinales en su Categoría de Profesionales"]

PERALES VISCASILLAS, Mª del Pilar [Spain]

1996. Cross-reference editorial analysis of CISG Article 19, CISG W3 Database, Pace University School of Law (http://www.cisg.law.pace.edu), December 1996, 1-5

PERALES VISCASILLAS, Mª del Pilar [Spain]

1997. Contract Conclusion under CISG, 16 Journal of Law and Commerce (Spring 1997) 315-344

PERALES VISCASILLAS, Mª del Pilar [Spain]

1997. El Derecho Uniforme del Comercio Internacional: Los Principios de UNIDROIT [review of the UNIDROIT Principles with comparative references to the CISG - in Spanish], Revista de Derecho Mercantil (1997) No. 223, 221-297

PERALES VISCASILLAS, Mª del Pilar [Spain]

1997. Las Cláusulas de Restricción Probatoria o Merger Clauses en los Contratos Internacionales [Merger Clauses in International Contracts - in Spanish], Apuntes de Derecho (Perú 1997) No. 1, 99 to 112

PERALES VISCASILLAS, Mª del Pilar [Spain]

1997. Tratamiento Jurídico de las Cartas de Confirmación en la Convención de Viena de 1980 sobre Compraventa Internacional de Mercaderías [Letters of Confirmation under the CISG - in Spanish], Revista Jurídica (Perú 1997) No. 13, 241 to 262

PERALES VISCASILLAS, Mª del Pilar [Spain]

1998. "Battle of the Forms" Under the 1980 United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods: A Comparison with Section 2-207 UCC and the UNIDROIT Principles, 10 Pace International Law Review (1998) 97-155

PERALES VISCASILLAS, Mª del Pilar [Spain]

2001. El Contrato de Compraventa Internacional de Mercancias (Convención de Viena de 1980) [International Sales Contracts (The 1980 Vienna Convenion) - in Spanish], 107 p.

PERALES VISCASILLAS, Ma del Pilar [Spain]

2001. The Formation of Contracts and the Principles of European Contract Law, 13 Pace International Law Review (Fall 2001) 371-397

PERALES VISCASILLAS, Ma del Pilar [Spain]

2002. Battle of the Forms and the Burden of Proof: An Analysis of BGH 9 January 2002, 6 Vindobona Journal of International Commercial Law and Arbitration (2002), No. 2, 217-228

PERALES VISCASILLAS, Mª del Pilar [Spain]

2002. Acceptance with modifications: Remarks on the manner in which the Principles of European Contract Law may be used to interpret or supplement Article 19 CISG

PERALES VISCASILLAS, Mª del Pilar [Spain]

2002. Time of conclusion of contract: Remarks on the manner in which the Principles of European Contract Law may be used to interpret or supplement Article 23 CISG

PERALES VISCASILLAS, Mª del Pilar [Spain]

2005. The Nachfrist Remedy, presentation at UNCITRAL - SIAC seminar on Celebrating Success: 25 Years United Nations Convention on the International Sale of Goods, Singapore (22 September 2005) 10 p.

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2005 - 2006. Modification and Termination of the Contract (Art. 29 CISG), at: Conference Celebrating the 25th Anniversary of United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods sponsored by UNCITRAL and the Vienna International Arbitration Centre (Vienna: 15-18 March 2005), 25 Journal of Law and Commerce, Issue No. 1 (Fall 2005 / Spring 2006) 167-179

PERALES VISCASILLAS, Mª del Pilar [Spain]

2007. Late Payment Directive 200/35 and the CISG, 19 Pace International Law Review (Spring 2007/1)

PERALES VISCASILLAS, Mª del Pilar [Spain]

2008. CISG Case Law in Spain, in: Camilla B. Andersen / Ulrich G. Schroeter eds., Sharing International Commercial Law across National Borders: Festschrift for Albert H. Kritzer on the Occasion of his Eightieth Birthday, Wildy, Simmonds & Hill Publishing (March 2008) 377-393

PERALES VISCASILLAS, Mª del Pilar [Spain]

2013. Applicable Law, The CISG, and The Future Convention on International Commercial Contracts, Villanova Law Review, vol. 58, no. 4 (2013) 733-760 available online at <http://lawweb2009.law.villanova.edu/lawreview/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/VLR415.pdf>

PEREA, Trevor

2008. Treibachher Industrie, A.G. v. Allegheny Technologies, Inc.: A Perspective on the Lackluster Implementation of the CISG by American Courts, 20 Pace International Law Review (Spring 2008) 191-213

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1994. UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts: The Black Letter Text and a Review, 63 Fordham Law Review (1994) 281-316

PERILLO, Joseph M. [U.S.]

1996. Hardship and its Impact on Contractual Obligations: A Comparative Analysis, Centro di Studi e Richerche di Diritto Comparato e Straniero (Rome 1996), No. 20

PERILLO, Joseph M. [U.S.]

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PERILLO, Joseph M. [U.S.]

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2011. Selected Critical Issues Regarding the Sphere of Application of the CISG, [papers from Uniform Sales Law: the CISG at its 30th Anniversary, a conference in memory of Albert H. Kritzer, 12-13 November 2010, Belgrade] The Annals of the Faculty of Law in Belgrade - Belgrade Law Review, Year LIX (2011) no. 3 pp. 181-195

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2013. Interpretation of the CISG: How to interpret and fill the gaps in the CISG so as to maintain requirements of uniformity, good faith and internationality as emphasized in the Article 7 of the CISG, dissertation for degree of Masters of Laws by advanced study in International Law in the Faculty of Social Sciences and Law, University of Bristol

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PFUND, Peter H. / TAFT, George [U.S.]

1986. Congress' Role in the International Unification of Private Law, 16 Georgia Journal of International and Comparative Law (1986) 671-696.

PIERANI, Marco

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2003. Das Nacherfüllungsrecht des Verkäufers aus Art. 48 CISG: Unter berücksichtigung seines Verhältnisses zu den Rechtsbehelfen des Käufers [ - in German], Thesis, Berlin: Gerstmeyer (2003) 210 p. [Juristische Reihe TENEA, available on the Internet at <http://www.jurawelt.com/dissertationen/8021>]

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PILTZ, Burghard [Germany]

1999/2000.  Incoterms and the CISG, Pace ed., Review of the Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) 1998, Kluwer Law International (1999) 41-51, also in: Oleg Semenov ed., CISG online 20 years conference (24 April 2000), http://www.20jahre.cisg-library.org/piltz_intro.html

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PILTZ, Burghard [Germany]

2004. Standard Terms in UN Contracts of Sale, 8 Vindobona Journal of International Commercial Law and Arbitration (2004/2) 233-244, available online at <http://25.cisg.info/content/publikation.php?id=10>

PILTZ, Burghard [Germany]

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PILTZ, Burghard [Germany]

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PILTZ, Burghard [Germany]

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2002. The Buyer's Remedy of Avoidance under the CISG: Acceptable from a Common Law Perspective?, 6 Vindobona Journal of International Law and Arbitration (2002) 57-82

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2001. Comparing CISG and Finnish Sale of Goods Act (18 giugno 2001). Presented on the Internet, courtesy of Studio Legale Tidona <http://www.tidona.com/pubblicazioni/giugno01_4.htm>

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2003. Conformity of Goods in the 1980 United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, Licensiate thesis, Rovaniemi: University of Lapland publications (2003) 68 p. see also Nordic Journal of Commercial Law of the University of Turku, Finland, Issue 2003 # 1

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2002. Austrian Cases on the UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, 6 Vindobona Journal of International Commercial Law and Arbitration (2002) 1-26

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2004. "Strangers in a Strange Land" - Translnational Litigation, Foregn Judgment Recognition, and Enforcement in Ontario, 13 Journal of Transnational Law (Spring 2004) 347-391

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PRIBETIC, Antonin I [Canada]

2005. "The (CISG) Road Less Travelled" - Case Comment on [Canada Supreme Court Decision] GreCon Dimter Inc. v. J.R. Normand Inc. (December 2005); see also [2006] 44(1)Canadian Business Law Journal 92-114

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2006. Arbitration and Fraudulent Misrepresentation: Another Canadian court overlooks the CISG [Case comment on Sonox Sia c. Albury Grain Sales Inc.], The Globetrotter, Ontario Bar Association - International Law Section Newsletter, Vol. 10, No. 3. (January 2006). Available at SSRN <http://ssrn.com/abstract=877203> [full text may be downloaded]

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1999. Introduction to the Principles of European Contract Law prepared by the Commission on European Contact Law

PUELINCKX, A.H.

1986. Frustration, Hardship, Force majeure, imprévision, Wegfall der Geschäftsgrundlage, Unmöglichkeit, Changed circumstances, 3 Journal of International Arbitration (1986) 47-66 [available on the Internet courtesy of CENTRAL Transnational Law Database (TLDB)]

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2003. The Unidroit Principles of International Commercial Contracts and Israeli Contract Law, Uniform Law Review 8 (3/2003) 601-629, link to text of this commentary available on CISG-Israel website at <http://www.biu.ac.il/law/cisg/PublEng.htm>

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2007. Recoverability of the buyer's lost resale profit under CISG, Nordic Journal of Commercial Law (2:2007) 10 p., available online at <http://www.njcl.fi/2_2007/article2.pdf>

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2013. The Role of Electronic Agents in Concluding the Contract (title translated from the original) [ - in Persian], 41 Law quarterly (Tehran) (4/2013) 159-178, available online at <http://jlq.ut.ac.ir/?_action=articleInfo&article=29766&vol=3033>

RAHMAN, Mohammed Forrukh

2014. Crisis Time Drafting of Commercial Contracts, The Daily Atar (Dhaka) (18 February 2014) available online at <http://www.thedailystar.net/crisis-time-drafting-ofcommercial-contracts-11781>

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1987. Comments on Article 10 CISG [Place of Business], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 116-120

RAJSKI, Jerzi [Poland]

1987. Comments on Article 11 CISG [Form of Contract], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 121-124

RAJSKI, Jerzi [Poland]

1987. Comments on Article 12 CISG [State's Declaration as to Form], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 125-127

RAJSKI, Jerzi [Poland]

1987. Comments on Article 13 CISG [Telegram and Telex as Writing], in: Bianca-Bonell Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè: Milan (1987) 128-131

RAJSKI, Jerzi [Poland]

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RAJSKI, Jerzy [Poland]

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2008. European Initiatives and Reform of Civil Law in Poland, 14 Juridica International, Tartu, Estonia (2008) 151-155, available online at <http://www.juridicainternational.eu/index/2008/vol-xiv/european-initiatives-and-reform-of-civil-law-in-poland>

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2008. A Review of Albert H. Kritzer et al., International Contract Manual (Thomson Reuters/West 2008) 77-80

RAMBERG, Jan [Sweden]

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1980. Frustration of Contract in International Trade Law and Comparative Law, 18 Duquesne Law Review (1980) 551-605

RAUDA, Christain/ETIER, Guillaume

2000. Warranty for intellectual property rights in the international sale of goods, 4 Vindobona Journal (2000) 30-61

For earlier French text, go to ETIER, Guillaume/RAUDA, Christian

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1980. The Rules of the Convention Relating to Its Field of Application and to Its Interpretation, in: Problems of International Sales Law, Working papers submitted to the Colloquium of the International Association of Legal Science, Potsdam, August 1979, Oceana Publications (1980) 53-103

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1981. The Area of Operation of the International Sales Conventions, 29 American Journal of Comparative Law (1981) 513-522

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1988. Commentary on Professor Gabor's Stepchild of the New Lex Mercatoria (Symposium Reflections), 8 Northwestern J. Int'l L. & Bus. (1988) 570-573

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REITZ, John C. [U.S.]

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1989. The New U.N. Convention on International Sales Contracts: An Overview, 15 Brooklyn Journal of International Law (1989) 23-43

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RIEDL, Kristina Jarno

2000. The Work of the Lando-Commission from an Alternative Viewpoint, European Review of Private Law (2000), issue 1, 9 p. Available on the Internet courtesy of Mattias Storme website on the PECL at <http://ufsia.ac.be/~estorme/Riedl.html>

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RIPERT, Georges

1933. Les Règles du Droit Civil Applicablers aux Rapports Internationaux (Contribution à l'Etude des principes Généraux du Droit Visés au Statut de la Cour Permanente de Justice Internationale) [ - in French], 44 Recueil des Cours (1933-II) 569-660 [excerpt available on the Internet courtesy of CENTRAL Transnational Law Database (TLDB)]

RIVKIN, David W. [U.S.]

1993. Lex Mercatoria and Force Majeure, in Emmanuel Gaillard ed., Transnational Rules in International Commercial Arbitration, Paris: ICC Publication (1993) 161-208 [available on the Internet courtesy of CENTRAL Transnational Law Database (TLDB)]

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RIZNIK, Peter [Slovenia]

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1988. The Borderline of Tort and Contract - Opening a New Frontier?, 21 Cornell Int'l L.J. (1988) 467-476

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1995. Effectiveness and Binding Nature of Declarations (Notices, Requests or Other Communications) Under Part II and Part III of the CISG, Cornell Review of the Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (1995) 95-114

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1999. Case comment. Conformity of the goods and standards established by public law: treatment of foreign court decision as precedent (Medical Marketing International, Inc. v. Internazionale Medico Scientifica S.r.l., U.S. District Court, Eastern District of Louisiana, 17 May 1999)

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2000.  Einleitung [Introduction - in German] (11 April 2000), in: Oleg Semenov ed., CISG online 20 years conference, http://www.20jahre.cisg-library.org/schlechtriem.html

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2001. Uniform Sales Law in the Decisions of the Bundesgerichtshof, in: 50 Years of the Bundesgerichtshof (Federal Supreme Court of Germany): A Celebration Anthology from the Academic Community [English translation of this text] (2001) [Chapter headings: Application and Sphere of Application, Contract Formation, Basic Structure of Remedies, Warranty of Conformity of the Goods to the Contract]

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2002. Urteilsanmerkung: Anwaltskosten als Teil des ersatzfähigen Schadens [ - in German], Praxis des Internationalen Privat- und Verfahrensrechts (May 2002) = Case comment: Attorneys' Fees as Part of Recoverable Damages, 14 Pace International Law Review (Spring 2002) 205-209 [Comment on Zapata Hermanos v. Hearthside Baking, U.S. District Court (2001)]

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2002. Battle of the Forms in International Contract Law: Evaluation of approaches in German law, UNIDROIT Principles, European Principles, CISG; UCC approaches under consideration, translation of "Kollidierende Geschäftsbedingungen im internationalen Vertragsrecht", in: Karl-Heinz Thume ed., Festschrift für Rolf Herber zum 70. Geburtstag, Newied: Luchterhand (1999) 36-49, with updated reference to 9 January 2002 ruling by the Supreme Court of Germany added thereto

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2002. The German Act to Modernize the Law of Obligations in the Context of Common Principles and Structures of the Law of Obligations in Europe, (2003) Oxford University Comparative Law Forum 2 at <http://ouclf.iuscomp.org/articles/schlechtriem2.shtml>

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2004. Auslegung, Lückenfüllung und Weiterentwicklung [International gap-filling and further development of the UN Sales Convention - in German], presentation at seminar in honor of Dr. Frank Vischer, Basel (11 May 2004) 28 p. [available on the Internet courtesy of the CISG-online.ch website <http://www.cisg-online.ch/cisg/Schlechtriem_Symposium_Vischer.pdf>]

SCHLECHTRIEM, Peter [Germany]

2004. Interpretation, gap filling and further development of the UN Sales Convention [Commentary on Fundamental Breach in the context of the Commodity Trade and, in particular, Documentary Sales of Commodities; Commentary also addresses Remedies for Breach of Service Obligations covered by the CISG under its Article 3(2). Translation and adaptation of presentation in honor of Dr. Frank Vischer in Basel (11 May 2004).]; see also 16 Pace International Law Review (Fall 2004) 279-306

SCHLECHTRIEM, Peter [Germany]

2004. Europäisierung des Privatrechts -- vom Beruf unserer Zeit für ein Europäisches Privatrecht [ - in German], 9 Juridica International, Tartu, Estonia (2004) 24-31, available online at <http://www.juridicainternational.eu/index/2004/vol-ix/europaisierung-des-privatrechts-vom-beruf-unserer-zeit-fur-ein-europaisches-privatrecht>

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2005. Basic Structures and General Concepts of the CISG as Models for a Harmonisation of the Law of Obligations, 10 Juridica International, Tartu (2005) 27-34

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2005. Damages, avoidance of the contract and performance interest under the CISG (2005) 18 p. <http://www.cisg-online.ch/cisg/Schlechtriem_Damages_Avoidance.pdf>

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2005. Commentary on 2 March 2005 Decision of Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgerichtshof) of Germany, VIII ZR 67/04 (June 2005) [review of application of Art. 35 CISG (conformity of goods)]

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2005. Requirements of Application and Sphere of Applicability of the CISG, Victoria University of Wellington Law Review (2005/4) 781-794

SCHLECHTRIEM, Peter [Germany]

2006. Subsequent Performance and Delivery Deadlines - Avoidance of CISG Sales Contracts Due to Non-conformity of the Goods, 18 Pace International Law Review, Issue No. 1 (Spring 2006) 83-98

SCHLECHTRIEM, Peter [Germany]

2006. Nacherfüllung und Lieferzeitpunks - zur Aufhebung von CISG-Kaufverträgen weben vertragswidriger Beschaffenheit der Ware [ - in German], in: Theodor Baums / Johannes Wertenbruch ed., Festschrift für Ulrich Huber zum siebzigsten Geburtstag (2006) 563-574, available on the Internet courtesy of the CISG-online.ch website <http://www.cisg-online.ch/cisg/Nacherfuellung&Lieferzeitpunkt.pdf>

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2006. Verfahrenskosten als Schaden in Anwendung des UN-Kaufrechts [Attorneys' fees and Article 74 CISG - in German], Internationales Handelsrecht (2/2006) 49-53, available on the Internet courtesy of the CISG-online.ch website <http://www.cisg-online.ch/cisg/schlechtriem_ihr_2_2006.pdf>

SCHLECHTRIEM, Peter [Germany]

2006. Damages, avoidance of the contract and performance interest under the CISG (2007) 15 p.

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2007. Calculation of damages in the event of anticipatory breach under the CISG (2007) 14 p.

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2006 / 2007. Legal Costs as Damages in the Application of UN Sales Law, 26 Journal of Law and Commerce (2006-07) 71-80

SCHLECHTRIEM, Peter [Germany]

2007. Non-Material Damages: Recovery under the CISG?, 19 Pace International Law Review (Spring 2007/1)

SCHLECHTRIEM, Peter [Germany]

2008. Opting out of Merger and Form Clauses under the CISG – Second thoughts on TeeVee Toons, Inc. & Steve Gottlieb, Inc. v. Gerhard Schubert GmbH, in: Camilla B. Andersen / Ulrich G. Schroeter eds., Sharing International Law across National Boundaries: Festschrift for Albert H. Kritzer on the Occasion of his Eightieth Birthday, Wildy, Simmonds & Hill Publishing (2008) 416-424

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2005. Commentary on 29 March 2005 Decision of Court of First Instance of Tudela, Spain (June 2005) [commentary on importance of uniformity of interpretation of Convention and need for autonomous interpretation]

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2002. On the Treatment of General Terms and Conditions of Business under the UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG): Commentary on decision of German Federal Supreme Court of 31 October 2001 [VII ZR 60/01], 5 p.

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1999. The Conclusion of a Contract in Accordance with UNIDROIT Principles, 1 European Journal of Law Reform (3/1999) 243-268

SCHROETER, Ulrich G. [Germany]

2001. Vienna Sales Convention: Applicability to "Mixed Contracts" and Interaction with the 1968 Brussels Convention, 5 Vindobona Journal of International Commercial Law and Arbitration, No. 1 (2001) 74-86

SCHROETER, Ulrich G. [Germany]

2001. Das einheitliche Kaufrecht der afrikanischen OHADA-Staaten im Vergleich zum UN-Kaufrecht [The Uniform Sales Law of the African OHADA States in comparison to the UN Sales Law - in German], Recht in Africa (2001) 163-176

SCHROETER, Ulrich G. [Germany]

2002. Freedom of contract: Comparison between provisions of the CISG (Article 6 and counterpart provisions of the Principles of European Contract Law, 6 Vindobona Journal of International Commercial Law and Arbitration (2002-2) 257-266

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2002. Interpretation of "writing": Comparison between provisions of CISG (Article 13) and counterpart provisions of the Principles of European Contract Law, 6 Vindobona Journal of International Commercial Law and Arbitration (2002-2) 267-274

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SCHROETER, Ulrich G. [Germany]

2007. Schaffung und Akzeptanz einheitlichen Privatrechts in Europa: Lehren aus der Anwendung des UN-Kaufrechts für ein Europäisches Vertragsrecht [Creation and acceptance of Uniform Private Law in Europe: Lessons from the Application of the CISG for a European Contract Law - in German], 14 Jahresheft der Internationalen Juristenvereinigung Osnabrück (2007) 35-58

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2008. Kurzkommentar BGH 8.11,2007 [Brief commentary on opinion of the Federal Supreme Court of Germany dated 8 November 2007 - in German], Entscheidungen zum Wirtschaftsrecht, Art. 8 CISG (10/2008) 303-304

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2008. Backbone or Backyard of the Convention? The CISG's Final Provisions, in: Camilla B. Andersen / Ulrich G. Schroeter eds., Sharing International Commercial Law across National Boundaries: Festschrift for Albert H. Kritzer on the Occasion of his Eightieth Birthday, Wildy, Simmonds & Hill Publishing (March 2008) 425-469

SCHROETER, Ulrich G. [Germany]

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TALLON, Denis [France]

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TALLON, Denis [France]

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UNCITRAL

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UNCITRAL

1995. UNCITRAL Secretariat. The United Nations Commission on International Trade Law commissioned Professor John O. Honnold (working in conjunction with Professor Michael Joachim Bonell and Ambassador Mahmoud Soliman) to devise a classification of each of the provisions of the CISG. This classification or outline of the CISG (referred to by UNCITRAL as a thesaurus) was designed for recording, classifying, and retrieving decisions under the CISG. As a detailed breakdown of the subjects addressed in each provision of the CISG, it has broader utility: to professors and students as a learning aid, and to practitioners and jurists as a guide to the contents of each article of the CISG.

UNCITRAL

2010. United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, UNCITRAL (2010) <http://www.uncitral.org/pdf/english/texts/sales/cisg/V1056997-CISG-e-book.pdf>

UNITED NATIONS

2012. UNCITRAL digest of case law on the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods. New York, United Nations (2012) 694 p. available online at <http://www.uncitral.org/uncitral/en/publications/publications.html>

UNITED NATIONS

2013. Brasil adere à Convenção da ONU sobre contratos internacionais de compra e venda de mercadorias [Brazil Accedes to CISG (1980) - in Portuguese], ONUBR: Nações Unidas no Brasil 5 March 2013, available online at <http://www.onu.org.br/brasil-adere-a-convencao-da-onu-sobre-contratos-internacionais-de-compra-e-venda-de-mercadorias>

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1983. U.S. Senate proceedings: Message of President transmitting to U.S. Senate text of UN Sales Convention and legal analysis of Convention prepared by U.S. Department of State. Senate Treaty Doc. No. 89-9, 98th Cong., 1st Session

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2011. Change of Circumstances in International Instruments of Contract Law: The approach of the CISG, PICC, PECL and DCFR, 15 Vindobona Journal of International Commercial Law and Arbitration (Vienna) (2011/2) 233-266

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2012. Compraventa internacional de mercaderías: el deber de renegociación en caso de excesiva onerosidad sobrevenida [ - in Spanish], Revista Chilena de derecho privado (Santiago) vol. 18 (2012) 95-119 available online at <http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-80722012000100002>

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2003. The Rules on Contract Formation under the Vienna Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (1980)

VALIOTI, Zoi

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2001. The Adolescence of the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods in Canada, presentation at the Canadian Bar Association's International Law Section Annual Conference in Ottawa, in May 2001

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2001. A Seller's Responsibility for Third Party Intellectual Property Claims: Are the UN Sales Convention Rules Better?, 4 Canadian International Lawyer 187 et seq.

VANTO, Jarno [Finland]

2002. Damages under CISG, University of Turku (2002) 83 p. available online at <http://www.law.utu.fi/tiedostot/xcisg/vanto.pdf>

VANTO, Jarno [Finland]

2003. Attorneys' fees as damages in international commercial litigation (January 2003); see also 5 Turku Law Journal (1/2003) 69-83 and 15 Pace International Law Review (Spring 2003) 203-222

VANTO, Jarno [Finland]

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VANTO, Jarno [Finland]

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2002. Notes on Ideological Precepts as Formants of Private Law in Central-East European Countries, Global Jurist Frontiers, Vol. 2: No. 2, Article 1 <http://www.bepress.com/gj/frontiers/vol2/iss2/art1> [paper delivered at the VIII General Meeting of the "Common Core of European Private Law" held in Trento, Italy, on 4-6 July 2002]

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VÉKÁS, Lajos [Hungary]

2002. The Foreseeability Doctrine in Contractual Damage Cases, 43 Acta Juridica Hungarica (2002), Nos. 1-2, 145-174

VEYTIA, Hernany

2012. Driving Forces Behind Trade Usages in International Trade, in ŞIPKA/YILDIRIM (eds.) “Sales Contract under the New Turkish Code of Obligations and the CISG”, On İki Levha Publishing, Istanbul (2012) pp. 157 et seq.

VIENNA DIPLOMATIC CONFERENCE 1980: Full text

1980. For the full text of the Summary Records of the Diplomatic Conference at which the CISG was promulgated, go to the table of contents to conference proceedings. The source of this material is the Official Records of the United Nations Conference on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, Vienna 10 March - 11 April 1980, A/CONF.97/19. Added features of this presentation include a tailored focus on the conference history of each article of the CISG and capsule summaries of the significance of the deliberations on the article. The summaries are derived from an English translation of a report prepared by Peter Schlechtriem, based on notes taken at the conference and published shortly thereafter.

VIENNA DIPLOMATIC CONFERENCE 1980: Selected colloquies

- Article 4 Colloquies: Date-Bah, Ferraro, Fokkema, Krispis, Loewe, Schlechtriem, Venkatasubramanyan, Ziegel

1980. Issues covered and excluded. Points of view expressed at Vienna Diplomatic Conference -- colloquies that bear on domestic doctrines of mistake and the validity proviso of Article 4(a); evidence of lack of resolution of issue: proposal to make Articles 38, 39 and 40 applicable to instances of domestic remedies deriving from invalidity of the contract: proposal rejected [Official Records 361-362, paras. 5- 12]; proposal to make Article 68 inapplicable in instances in which the goods were lost or damaged before the conclusion of the contract: proposal rejected [OR 406, paras. 38-42]

- Article 6 Colloquy: Bennett, Boggiano, Dabin, Eyzaguire, Farnsworth, Herber, Hjerner, Inaamullah, Khoo, Kim, Loewe, O'Flynn, Medvedev, Michida, Plantard, Plunkett, Reishofer, Rognlien, Wagner

1980. The contract and the Convention: autonomy of the parties. Points of view expressed at Vienna Diplomatic Conference -- colloquy on express vs. implied exclusion of the Convention [Official Records 248-250, paras. 1-31]

- Article 7 Colloquies: Bonell, Buhoara, Dabin, Eyzaguire, Farnsworth, Francini-Ninetto, Hjerner, Kim, Loewe, Maskow, Mathanjuki, O'Flynn, Rognlien, Shore, Stein, Wagner, Waititu

1980. Interpretation of the Convention. Points of view expressed at Vienna Diplomatic Conference -- colloquies that illustrate lack of consensus on meaning of Convention's reference to good faith: assessment of proposal prohibiting parties from opting out of requirement of good faith: proposal rejected [Official Records 252, paras. 53-65]; assessment of proposal to include in Convention a more specific reference to good faith: proposal rejected [Official Records 257-259, paras. 40-57]

- Article 7 Colloquy: Bennett, Bonell, Dabin, Date-Bah, Krispis, Loewe, Maskow, Plunkett, Schlechtriem

1980. Interpretation of the Convention. Points of view expressed at Vienna Diplomatic Conference -- colloquy on issue related to good faith: proposal to add to CISG a version of concept of culpa in contrahendo (pre-contractual liability): proposal rejected [Official Records 294-295, paras. 77-87]

- Article 16 Colloquy: Aoyama, Bonell, Bennett, Date-Bah, Farnsworth, Feltham, Fokkema, Ghestin, Gorbanov, Herber, Khoo, Krispis, Loewe, Maskow, Popescu, Rognlien, Szász

1980. Revocability of offer. Points of view expressed at Vienna Diplomatic Conference -- Article 16(2)(a) [Revocability vs. irrevocability of offer with fixed time for acceptance]: different common law/civil law interpretations [Official Records 278-279, paras. 14-41]

- Article 18 Colloquies: Bennett, Date-Bah, Farnsworth, Feltham, Goldstajn, Khoo, Krispis, Loewe, Mathanjuki, Samson, Sevón, Szász, Vischer, Wagner

1980. Acceptance of offer: time and manner for indicating assent. Points of view expressed at Vienna Diplomatic Conference -- colloquy on meaning of Article 18(1) phrase silence or "inactivity" [Official Records 280, paras. 48-56]; colloquy on meaning of Article 18(3) phrase "assent by performing an act" [OR 280-281, paras. 57-71]

- Article 28 Colloquy: Date-Bah, Feltham, Kim, Krispis, Loewe, Popescu, Wagner

1980. Specific performance and rules of the forum. Points of view expressed at Vienna Diplomatic Conference -- colloquy on substitution of "would" for "could" in Article 28 [Official Records 304-305, paras. 41-52]

- Article 36 Colloquy: Boggiano, Bonell, Date-Bah, Eyzaguire, Feltham, Ghestin, Hjerner, Inaamullah, Khoo, Kim, Krispis, Lebedev, Loewe, Maskow, Miccio, Michida, Popescu, Plunkett, Rognlien, Sami, Stalev, Szász, Vilus, Vischer, Wang

1980. Damage to goods and warranties: effect on conformity. Points of view expressed at Vienna Diplomatic Conference -- colloquy on deletion of word "express" before "guarantee" and on addition of phrase "for a period of time" [Official Records 312-315, paras. 1-44]

- Article 38 Colloquy: Bennett, Eyzaguire, Feltham, Fokkema, Hjerner, Khoo, Li, Loewe, Low, Michida, Osah, Rognlien, Samson, Sevón, Szász, Vischer

1980. Time for examining goods. Points of view expressed at Vienna Diplomatic Conference -- colloquy on Article 38(3) phrase "redirected in transit" [Official Records 318-320. paras. 1-30]

- Article 46 Colloquy: Bonell, Date-Bah, Farnsworth, Feltham, Ghestin, Hjerner, Kamarul, Krispis, Loewe, Maskow, Medvedev, Plunkett, Rognlien, Sami, Sevón, Soares, Wang, Widmer, Ziegel

1980. Buyer's right to compel performance and right to cure. Points of view expressed at Vienna Diplomatic Conference -- colloquy on reference to "repair" in Article 46(3) [Official Records 352, paras. 31- 35]

- Article 46/Article 48 Colloquy: Farnsworth, Loewe

1980. Buyer's right to compel performance/Cure after date for delivery. Points of view expressed at Vienna Diplomatic Conference -- colloquy on proposal to provide for right of seller to cure in the manner chosen by him: proposal rejected [Official Records 335-337, paras. 11-45]

- Article 48 Colloquy: Bennett, Boggiano, Bonell, Bortolotti, Cuker, Eyzaguire, Farnsworth, Feltham, Fokkema, Hjerner, Honnold, Hosakawa, Khoo, Kim, Klingsporn, Krispis, Loewe, Low, Mantilla-Molina, Rognlien, Sami, Sevón, Stalev, Szász, Wagner, Ziegel

1980. Cure after date for delivery. Points of view expressed at Vienna Diplomatic Conference -- colloquies on Article 48 phrases "Subject to article 49" and "unreasonable delay" [Official Records 341-344, paras. 37-90 and OR 351-352, paras. 6-30]

- Article 77 Colloquy: Alkin, Boggiano, Fokkema, Herber, Hjerner, Honnold, Kamarul, Krispis, Loewe, Mantilla-Molina, Nicholas, Schlechtriem, Vinding Kruse, Ziegel

1980. Mitigation of damages. Points of view expressed at Vienna Diplomatic Conference -- proposal to make Article 77 applicable to all remedies, not simply damages: proposal rejected [Official Records 396-398, paras. 55-78]

- Article 79 Colloquy: Adal, Alkin, Bennett, Bonell, Date-Bah, Eyzaguirre, Ferraro, Gregoire, Herber, Hjerner, Honnold, Inaamullah, Kamarul, Krispis, Kuchibhotla, Loewe, Mascow, Mantilla-Molina, Mathanjuki, Michida, Nicholas, Olivencia Ruiz, Osah, Plantard, Rognlien, Sevón, Venkatasubramanyan, Vinding Kruse, Vischer, Widmer, Ziegel

1980. Impediment excusing a party from damages. Points of view expressed at Vienna Diplomatic Conference -- colloquies on the scope of Article 79(2) [Party's failure due to failure by third person] [Official Records 378-381, paras. 21-51 and OR 410-412, paras. 1-37]

- Article 81 Colloquy: Fokkema, Loewe, Kopac, Shafik, Ziegel

1980. Effect of avoidance: restitution. Points of view expressed at Vienna Diplomatic Conference -- colloquy on possible conflict between Article 81(2) and domestic bankruptcy laws [Official Records 414, paras. 75-84]

- Article 85 Colloquy: Fokkema, Klingsporn, Krispis, Lebedev, Plantard, Rognlien, Vinding Kruse

1980. Seller's duty to preserve goods. Points of view expressed at Vienna Diplomatic Conference -- colloquy on Article 85 phrase "or, where payment of the price and delivery of the goods are to be made concurrently, if he fails to pay the price" [Official Records 398, paras. 79-84]

VIETNAM

2010. Việt Nam và Công uoc Vien 1980 ve Hop dong mua bán hàng hóa quoc te. "Bản tin Doanh nghiệp và Chính sách Thương mại Quoc te" [Vietnam and the 1980 Vienna Convention on H tangent to close sales of goods. Business News Industrial Policy and International Trade - in Vietnamese] (Hanoi) Special Journal (2010) Vol. 3 art.4 15-26 available online at <http://wtocenter.vn/vien-convention/enterprises-and-international-tradepolicy-newsletter-no-3-no4>

VIETNAM CHAMBER OF COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY

2012. Công ước Viên về Hợp đồng mua bán hàng hóa quốc tế [Vienna Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods – in Vietnamese] Hanoi, Vietnam Chamber Of Commerce And Industry (2012) 29 p. available online at <http://trungtamwto.vn/vandedacbiet/cong-uoc-vien/cong-uoc-vien-ve-hop-dong-mua-ban-hang-hoa-quoc-te>

WIHLBORG, C.

2011. Det nordiska lagstiftningssamarbetet i relation till FN- konventionen angående avtal om internationella köp av varor (CISG) [Nordic Legislative Cooperation in Relation to the CISG - in Swedish]. Lund, Sweden, Lunds Universitet (2011) 35 available online at <http://www.lu.se/o.o.i.s?id=19464&postid=2199660>

VILUS, Jelena [Yugoslavia]

1986. Provisions Common to the Obligations of the Seller and the Buyer, in: Sarcevic / Volken ed., International Sale of Goods: Dubrovnik Lectures, Oceana (1986) 239-264

VINCZE, Andrea [Hungary]

2004. Remarks on whether and the extent to which the UNIDROIT Principles may be used to help interpret Article 16 of the CISG (October 2004)

VINCZE, Andrea [Hungary]

2004. Remarks on whether and the extent to which the Principles of European Contract Law (PECL) may be used to help interpret Article 55 of the CISG (October 2004)

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ZHANG Yuqing / HUANG Danhan [China]

2000. The New Contract Law in the People's Republic of China and the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts: A Brief Comparison, Uniform Law Review (5/2000) 429-440, available online at <http://unidroit.org/english/publications/review/articles/2000-3-zhang-e.pdf>

ZHOU, Qi

2011. CISG versus English Sales Law: An Unfair Competition. Social Science Research Network (October 10, 2011) available online at <http://ssrn.com/abstract=1941845> [full text may be downloaded]

ZHU, G.

2012. 要约不得撤销的法定事由与效果 [Irrevocable offers: legal reasons and effects - in Chinese] 环球法律评论 = Global Law Review (Beijing) (5/2012) 93-106 available online at <http://article.chinalawinfo.com/ArticleHtml/Article_76971.shtml>

ZIEGEL, Jacob S. [Canada]

1981. Analysis from a Provincial Common Law Perspective in: Ziegel, Jacob S./Samson, Claude, Report to the Uniform Law Conference of Canada on Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (Toronto 1981) 33-167

ZIEGEL, Jacob S. [Canada]

1984. The Remedial Provisions in the Vienna Sales Convention: Some Common Law Perspectives, in Nina M. Galston & Hans Smit eds., International Sales: The United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, Matthew Bender (1984) Ch. 9, pp. 1-43

ZIEGEL, Jacob S. [Canada]

1993. Commentary on Party Autonomy and Statutory Regulation: Sale of Goods, 6 Journal of Contract Law, North Ryde NSW, Australia (1993) 123-130

ZIEGEL, Jacob S. [Canada]

1998. The UNIDROIT Principles, CISG and National Law, in: Los principios de UNIDROIT: ¿Un derecho Común de los Contratos para las Américas?/ The UNIDROIT Principles: A Common Law of Contracts for the Americas? (Actas/Acts - Congreso Interamerican/Inter-American Congress - Hacia un nuevo regimen para la contratación mercantil internacional: los Principios de UNIDROIT sobre los contratos comerciales internacionales/ A new approach to international commercial relations: the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts, Valencia, Venezuela (6-9 November 1996), Rome: UNIDROIT (1998) 221-233

ZIEGEL, Jacob S. [Canada]

1999. Comment on Roder Zelt- und Hallenkonstruktionen GmbH v. Rosedown Park Pty Ltd [Australia 28 April 1995], in: Pace ed., Review of the Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) 1998, Kluwer Law International (1999) 53-62

ZIEGEL, Jacob S. [Canada]

1999. Canada's First Decision on the International Sales Convention, 32 Canadian Business Law Journal (1999) 313-325 [commentary on Nova Tool & Mold Inc. v. London Industries Inc 16 December 1998, and also La San Guiseppe v. Forti Moulding Ltd 31 August 1999]

ZIEGEL, Jacob S. [Canada]

2000. The Future of the International Sales Convention from a Common Law Perspective, 6 New Zealand Business Law Quarterly (November 2000) 336-347

ZIEGEL, Jacob [Canada]

2005 - 2006. The Scope of the Convention: Reaching Out to Article One and Beyond, at: Conference Celebrating the 25th Anniversary of United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods sponsored by UNCITRAL and the Vienna International Arbitration Centre (Vienna: 15-18 March 2005), 25 Journal of Law and Commerce, Issue No. 1 (Fall 2005 / Spring 2006) 58-73

ZIEGEL, Jacob S.

2011. Editorial: Albert H. Kritzer (1928-2010): An Appreciation, The Canadian Business Law Journal (2011) Vol. 51, No. 2.

von ZIEGLER, Alexander [Switzerland]

2005 - 2006. The Right of Suspension and Stoppage in Transit (and Notification Thereof), at: Conference Celebrating the 25th Anniversary of United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods sponsored by UNCITRAL and the Vienna International Arbitration Centre (Vienna: 15-18 March 2005), 25 Journal of Law and Commerce, Issue No. 1 (Fall 2005 / Spring 2006) 353-374

ZIMMERMAN, Reinhard [Germany]

2002. Breach of Contract and Remedies under the New German Law of Obligations, Centro di studi e ricerche di diritto comparato e straniero: saggi, conferenze e seminari, No. 48 (Rome 2002) 1-52

ZIMMERMAN, Reinhard [Germany]

2007. Introduction to Symposium, in: The Convention on the International Sale of Goods -- The 25th Anniversary: Its Impact in the Past -- Its Role in the Future. German Society of Comparative Law -- Private International Law Division Conference 2005: 22-24 September 2005, Würzberg, in: 71 Rabels Zeitschrift für ausländisches und internationales Privatrecht (January 2007) 9-12

ZOCCOLILLO, Alan F., Jr. [U.S.]

1997. Determination of the Interest Rate under the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods: General Principles vs. National Law, 1 Vindobona Journal (1997) 3-43

ZOLL, Fryderyk [Poland]

2007. The Impact of the Vienna Convention on the International Sale of Goods on Polish Law, with Some References to Other Central and Eastern European Countries, in: The Convention on the International Sale of Goods -- The 25th Anniversary: Its Impact in the Past -- Its Role in the Future. German Society of Comparative Law -- Private International Law Division Conference 2005: 22-24 September 2005, Würzberg, in: 71 Rabels Zeitschrift für ausländisches und internationales Privatrecht (January 2007) 81-98

ZOLL, Fryderyk [Poland]

2008. Unfair Terms in the Acquis Principles and Draft Common Frame of Reference: A Study of the Differences between the Two Closest Members of One Family, 14 Juridica International, Tartu, Estonia (2008) 69-77, available online at <http://www.juridicainternational.eu/index/2008/vol-xiv/unfair-terms-in-the-acquis-principles-and-draft-common-frame-of-reference-a-study-of-the-differences-between-the-two-closest-members-of-one-family>

ZORLU, Ramazan [Turkey]

____. Formation of the Contract According to CISG and Turkish Law Compared, available online at <http://www.hg.org/article.asp?id=6675>

ZUFFRANIERI, Benjamin M., Jr. / FEINSTEIN, Joshua I.

2003. UN Sale of Goods Convention May Be Trap for the Unwary, The Lawyers Weekly, vol. 23, no. 31, Butterworths Canada Ltd (12 December 2003)

ZUHIR, Mada Apriandi

2012. Standarisasi Perdagangan Internasional Dalam Viena Convention on the International Sale of Goods [CISG] 1980 [Standardization of international trade under the CISG (1980) - in Indonesian], Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang, Indonesia (2012) 40 p. working paper, available online at <http://eprints.unsri.ac.id/2699>

ZUPPI, Alberto L. [Argentina]

1999. A Comparison of Buyer's Remedies Under the CISG with the Latin American Legal Tradition, Pace Review of the Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) 1998, Kluwer Law International (1999) 3-39

ZUPPI, Alberto L. [Argentina]

2008. The Parol Evidence Rule, International Electronic Documents and the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG), in: Camilla B. Andersen / Ulrich G. Schroeter eds., Sharing International Commercial Law across National Boundaries: Festschrift for Albert H. Kritzer on the Occasion of his Eightieth Birthday, Wildy, Simmonds & Hill Publishing (March 2008) 640-654>

ZWART, Sara G. [U.S.]

1988. The New International Law of Sales: A Marriage Between Socialist, Third World, Common, and Civil Law Principles, 13 North Carolina Journal of International Law and Commercial Regulation (1988) 109-128


Pace Law School Institute of International Commercial Law - Last updated June 19, 2014
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